Reverse Colonization In Stephen Arata's Dracula

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4. The Besieged City
This intended invasion, as Stephen Arata points out, is linked to the cultural fear of Britain being in decline towards the end of the century (622). This "pervasive narrative of decline" (Arata 623) is thematised in Dracula and other late-Victorian literature through the "narrative of reverse colonization" (Arata 623). As the name already suggests, reverse colonisation deals with the fear of the coloniser becoming the colonised through the invasion of a more "primitive" culture (Arata 623). However, according to Arata, reverse colonisation is not only rooted in fear but also stems from a cultural guilt: "In the marauding, invasive Other, British culture sees its own imperial practices mirrored back in monstrous forms"
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He illustrates how in Transylvania "there is hardly a foot of soil in all this region that has not been enriched by the blood of men, patriots or invaders" (Arata 628; Stoker 27) and then asks Jonathan: "Is it a wonder we were a conquering race?" (Arata 628; Stoker 34). Arata illustrates how the Count 's invasion of the empire foreshadows its decline by quoting Jonathan 's prediction that "[t]his was the being he [Jonathan] was helping to transfer to London, where, perhaps, for centuries to come he might, amongst its teeming millions, satiate his lust for blood, and create a new and ever-widening circle of semi-demons to batten on the helpless" (Arata 629; Stoker 53/54). Through Jonathan 's prophecy, the reader feels as though not only London but the empire itself (with all its values) is under…show more content…
The uncanny in this "other" stems from the fact that, like the characters in Dracula, British people are "faced with the reality of something that we have until now considered imaginary" (Freud 150). The fictional view of Africa presented to the reader at the beginning of the novel at the exhibition clashes with the reality of having these "others" in England. Thus far, the other was imagined as uncivilised (Levy 6) and remote (Levy 3/4). Suddenly, this hitherto only imagined "uncivilised other" enters (and potentially changes) the West. Kim Evelyn illustrates this historical post-war situation when she writes: "The migrants aboard the Empire Windrush arrived to a complex social reality: a country that needed them for labor yet found their presence problematic; the great cosmopolitan acceptance of Britain was clashing with the racism that built its
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