Quick Write Essay Mass incarceration is a horrible failure. America has the highest incarceration rate in the world. Even though America is home to about one-twentieth of the population , America has half of the world as prisoners. Incarceration is still high and not lowering no time soon.
Fresno County is located in the central regions of California (CA). Current estimates put the population at around 965,000 which represents a huge 20% increase over the last 14 years. Most of the population growth came from the Hispanic and Asian communities, which now represent over 33% of the total population. Given the County 's proximity to both Sacramento and Los Angeles, they too suffer from a large number of crimes and death related to drug abuse and addiction. Startling Statistical Information About Drug Abuse in Fresno County, California While Trust for America 's Health reported the state of California has the 15th lowest fatality rate (10.6 out of every 100,000 people) from drug overdose, the number is quite misleading considering the vast population of the state.
Federally issued paper currency was rendered worthless as there was no way to regulate interstate commerce and the law-making process was nearly impossible seeing as it required two-thirds of state votes. All of the aforementioned nonsense called for a particularly bitter nation, and this lack of fondness towards the government led to an equally problematic and especially violent country, most notably in Shays ' Rebellion of 1776. Enter the supreme law of the land, otherwise known as the United States Constitution. In 1788, this document officially replaced the Articles of Confederation, and is still currently the basis for all American law. Its goal was to make the nation more republic-like, while also maintaining peaceful relations between states.
The recent mid-terms in the country led to the loss of many of the ruling party’s governorship seats to the opposition. This development dealt a huge blow to the now weak President Pena—who has two years left in his term. The situation was made dire with the election of President Trump in the USA. The country also has a poor corruption record. It is ranked as the 95th least corrupt country by Transparency International Corruption Perception Index.
The Alien and Seditionn Acts, as aforementioned, were established in 1789, shortly after the ratification of the Constitution on June 21, 1788. In the very first amendment of the constitution, it is stated that “Congress shall make no law respecting... or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press…”, and yet the Sedition Act directly opposes this notion by threatening any citizen who publishes a piece criticizing the government with fines or imprisonment, while the Naturalization and Alien Acts, although despicable, are technically not opposing the Constitution. The Federalists, who argued and fought for the ratification of the Constitution, almost immediately instate an act which directly disobeys the first amendment, in a petty attempt to gain leverage on the opposing party, the Democratic-Republicans. Although the Anti-Federalists, who later became the Democratic-Republicans, were those who desired The Bill of Rights, which includes the first amendment, this still does not undermine the hopes of the Federalists to ratify the finished constitution, nor does it excuse the violation of the constitution that the Sedition Act proposes.
The US prison population makes up 25% of the world’s prison population while the rest of America only makes up 5% of the world population. The cost of keeping these 2 million people in the US behind bars is an astonishing $80 billion. With such a gargantuan price, politicians, economists, and concerned taxpayers are struggling to find ways to reduce costs. Two ways have been identified as the most promising: privatize the prison industry or put inmates to work. There have already been successful implementations of both around the country, yet inmate labor is likely to be stifled and greatly discouraged due to its association with slave labor.
The National Center on Family Homelessness at American Institutes for Research (NCFH) released a report exposing that 2.5 million children are homeless in America. (Mclean, 2015) California is the wealthiest state in the country but ranked third worst in the extent of homelessness, the second worst in policy, and in the lower half of the US in terms of risk and wellbeing, making it the third worst US state for child homelessness overall. (Mclean, 2015) Rent is increasing as income is decreasing or staying the same.
But in 2010 men committed 90 percent of the 15,094 murders, which is the most recent year that the FBI has data on (¨The Death Penalty Has a Gender Bias¨). Vast majority of people in many different states would prefer the death penalty to be put too end. Some people will agree that life in prison is a worse punishment than being put to death. A case without the death penalty is 740,000 but with the death penalty being brought up to case is roughly about 1.26 million (“death penalty information center”). With tax payers having a increase of 90,000 per year with the death penalty being put to use.
Madison court case that took place in 1803. The law that was declared by the Supreme Court at this hearing was that a court has the power to declare an act of Congress void if it goes against the Constitution. This case took place because President John Adams had appointed William Marbury as justice of the peace in the District of Columbia, and the new president, Thomas Jefferson, did not agree with this decision. William Marbury was not appointed by the normal regulation, which was that the Secretary of State, James Madison, needed to make a notice of the appointment. James Madison did not follow through and make a notice of Marbury’s appointment; therefore, he sued James Madison, which was where the Supreme Court came in place.
In 2010 prisons were over with about 2.2 million incarcerated Americans, on average every prison was over capacity by 14 percent, there are even some prisons that were over capacity by 34 percent. Annually the government spends roughly 60 million dollars on the correctional system and with the rise of amount if people being incarcerated that number will also greatly rise, thus depleting our budgets as well as our society as a whole (English, 2010). Prison philosophy is of prevention, deterrence and retribution, however according to Gudaris “the rehabilitative effect of long term incarceration appears to be negligible. Most imprisoned individuals will be released at some point and will reoffend” (Gudaris, 2013). Many criminals and gangs use prisons as a headquarters to recruit new members and run operations for their personal benefits.
North Carolina lost additional revenue when PayPal, Deutsche Bank, and other companies canceled expansions in the state, costing the state more than 1,000 jobs. Bank America CEO Brian Moynihan, who leads the largest company based in North Carolina said he 's spoken privately to business leaders who went elsewhere with projects or events because of the controversy, and he fears more decisions like that are being made quietly. Government transparency is a right to its citizens and an obligation that it is owed to us by this state. Openness, accountability, and honesty define how government transparency should be in a free society.
Gerrymandering restrictions is likely to be a key topic of debate for the Supreme Court as partisan lines have tested the constitutionality of the act. While this process of redrawing boundary lines has been around for a long time, it is not the same that it once was. The act of gerrymandering and redrawing boundaries has become more of a drastic partisan act in the modern election world than ever before because of technology. The 1986 Supreme Court ruling in Davis v. Bandemer declared partisan gerrymandering for electoral advantage justiciable under the United States Constitution. The asymmetry standard in testing for gerrymandering states that the act needs to exhibit intentions that partisan gerrymandering would be recognized for its given distribution of popular votes, if parties switch who holds the popular vote and if the number of seats in a district would change unequally based on Supreme Court cases Vieth v. Jubelirer and LULAC v. Perry.