President Wilson shared his vision of a peacekeeping alliance between nations. He tried to shift the goals of alliances from supporting in war to helping to keep peace. Some European powers, however, were still bitter and didn’t feel like making peace, especially not with Germany, which was seen as the main aggressor in WWI. Also, Russia with its new communist government was not a favored treaty partner for western powers. The peace treaty of Versailles had created a lot of hatred between nations, especially Germany, which was left humiliated and isolated.
There were many things that led to the Cold War. It can be summarized into two main points: the competition and growing tensions between the USSR and USA due to their political difference, the nuclear arms race. The first and biggest cause of the Cold War was because of President Stalin and President Truman’s political differences and their mutual distrust towards each other. The Soviet Union was a communist country . They were ruled by a dictator and had
The Arduous Struggle Against Communism The Cold War was not the stereotypical war, instead, it involved many different strategies and approaches to try and resolve a conflict between two great powers. Although the United States and Soviets had fought together during World War II, they soon entered a time of pressure between the two, better known as the Cold War. The textbook explains the policy of containment as a way of fighting communism with the use of the military, military aid, and economic aid(Ayers,et al 819). The three presidents that were in office during the Cold War preferred using different aspects of the policy and each president’s mistakes helped influence the next president 's choices.
As Soviet Union was communism country, contrary to capitalism applied in other European countries, USSR could not build up relations with the Great Powers and properly cooperated with them, even though both of these countries desired to hinder Germany’s expansion. The mistrust owing to the difference of ideology facilitated the signing the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact of 1939. Thus, Germany could ensure USSR not to be engaged in the beginning of WWII, and thereby avoiding to fight a two-front war. That is to say, the signing allowed Germany to start WWII more confidently, and it was somehow because of WWI.
To examine the Cold War consensus, one must discuss the Cold War. The Cold war was the tension between the United States, standing for capitalism, and the USSR, standing for totalitarianism and socialism, following World War II. Although it was not a physical war between the two superpowers, many proxy wars had came out of it as way to spread or combat communism throughout the Free World. The Free World, as the U.S. came to define it, did not necessarily mean free as countries were being ruled by military regimes and dictatorships, but free from communism(70). During the Cold War, the spread of communism frighted the American People.
Following WWII the U.S and Russia sought to spread their government influence of capitalism and communism with the world. With differences in ideas the U.S feared that communism would take over the world and it was their job to allow each nation the freedom to be govern by the people. The cold war was never a direct war but more of a series of proxy wars. The countries never declared war on one another but rather contained the expansion of each other’s influences.
The magnitude of such crisis could lead to mass dislocation, violation of human rights and famine, and pose a potential international crisis for states. Thus, ethnic civil war has become a new security issue in international relations. Neorealism can explain ethnic civil war but not accurately nor sufficiently. The perception of an emerging anarchy in multi-ethnic communities creates a security dilemma where the different ethnic groups began to self-help.
‘The concept of total war originally emerged in the ideological and political context of the interwar period. It was not designed as a precise tool of academic analysis, but as a rhetorical’ During the Interwar period, the concept developed into ideas on how to prepare for a possible new conflict, especially in Germany there was a sense of that the country had not been willing to go far enough. ‘Eric Ludendorff saw ‘total war’ as the Great War done right.’ ‘Total war’ was to Ludendorff during the interwar period becoming an ideal where Germany could succeed if followed until the hostile nation was crushed. ‘He was convinced that to succeed, the nation would need a military dictatorship, and that ‘total war’ was total mobilization of all human material resources. ’
Moreover, from the political perspectives, US does so simply and mainly to balance its power with China who apparently seems cunning and bullying over many world’s issues. Another example that indicate this term is Cold War. Between 1947 and 1991, the international system was dominated by bipolarity; Russia and United States had the status of superpower and, as Mearsheimer suggests, due to the balance of power determined by the bipolar system, “the post-war era, the period of the Cold War, has been much more peaceful” (Voinea,
Imagine if you lived in a place where you had no freedom, and you were ruled by a man like Joseph Stalin. That is what it would be like in many countries if it weren’t for the United States’ policy of containment. During the Cold War, the Soviet Union wanted to take over other countries and make them have the government system of Communism. The United States didn’t like that, because they thought their governmental system of Democracy was better. As a result, the U.S. adopted a policy of “Containment”.
At the end of the second world war there was an argument about who was more responsible for the cold war the Soviet Union or United States. Many people thought that the Soviet Union was responsible because the ruling insecure the nation. The Soviet Union wanted to expand and influence the world wide. " Instead of continuing Roosevelt
Disagreement between the two superpowers, the U.S and the U.S.S.R is what started the Cold War, just as disagreement is the start of any other war. Disagreements grew and became feuds and feuds caused tension, which created an uncomfortable position and lifestyle for everyone. When the United States and the Soviet Union’s alliance ended, they realized they had different viewpoint on how nation’s should
Many essayists, scholars, economists, and political leaders have argued the causes of the Cold War. They all have different interpretations, which are unique in their own nature. In chapter two of “Major Problems in American History Since 1945,” essayists Arnold A. Offner and John Lewis Gaddis disagree over the causes of the cold war. Offner argues that President Truman was primarily responsible and gives nothing more than the interpretation of a single personal ideology (Offner, 55-63). However, John Lewis Gaddis argues that Joseph Stalin was primarily responsible for the cold war and was uncompromising with policies.
All of these operations were carried out to protect America as well as other countries from the spread of communism. However, Kinzer doesn’t make it seem that way. Notably, the book fails to discuss the state of the world. The United States and the Soviet Union were the two biggest forces in the world, were not happy with each other, and both had nuclear missiles. There was a lot of pressure to keep the Soviets as far away from American territory as possible.