Though the beginning of French revolution was just a movement for government reforms, but later it twisted ferocious that leaded to the abolition of monarchy and execution of King Louis XVI. To resolve the monarch’s financial crisis, the estate general was called by King Louis XVI on May, 1789. The member of the third estate made their own national assembly fearing to bear the financial burden, and pledged Tennis Court Oath, and decided to remain there until a new constitution has been made. In addition, July 14, 1789, angry people of France, saw bastille a place to vent their frustration and marquis De Launay along with his troop found no option else then to surrender to the mob. After coming to know about the fall of the Bastille, King Louis XVI removed the imperial troops from the French capital and brought back finance minister Jacques Necker However, he could no longer converse the Revolution, while the National Assembly (from July 9 formally called the National Constituent Assembly) became de facto the French
Then the Great Fear took place where the revolutionary ideas were spreading and bringing fear all around Europe. Many peasants were revolted because of the many years of inequality and exploration of the government. They made riots and strikes and fought for more equal rights. A radical called Maximilian Robespierre, which is opposite of the French King, decapitated many nobles. This was the Reign Of Terror.
People elected other people that they trusted to go represent them in government. Ideas that were formed by the enlightenment philosophers were used in the new government. The French, however, did not make significant progress toward ending absolutism and instead were subject to another absolute ruler immediately after the revolution. After the French revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte became emperor. In this role, Bonaparte had absolute power over France.
The National Guard was formed to try and repress the subsequent threat of pillage . The association of an aristocratic plot responsible for the break-down of the whole system in France, with nameless brigands, set a pattern over and over for what was to be a terrible revolution. It must also be noted that the Revolution was not an uprising of the beggars and poor, it was craftsmen and shopkeepers in the towns and peasant proprietors in the countryside . There were other factors involved too in bringing about the French Revolution which lasted almost 10 years from 1789 to the late 1790’s. The extravagant spending of King Louis XVI and his predecessor, France’s costly involvement in the American Revolution, poor cereal harvests for nearly two decades, drought, cattle disease and as already stated, sky rocketing bread prices .
May 5, 1789, the beginning of the infamous French Revolution. Historians around the world studied the causes of the French Revolution, arguably regarded as one of the most important events in human history. Many important ideologies were developed during this time period. The current western political philosophies in France is the result of the French Revolution which introduced the principles of civic equality and popular sovereignty that challenged the historical Three Estates. Following many European reform trends, France in 1789 began their own major reform that lasted nearly a decade.
Therefore, Bonaparte changed the French currency to the franc de Germinal, a form of silver. This new coin solved problems brought by inflation and continued to be the French currency for over one-hundred years. In closing, Napoleon Bonaparte can continue to be characterized in many different lights. Although he showed cruelty and confidence in his conquests, Bonaparte saw a need for change in his conquered kingdoms. Through these changes in education, economics and law, a new way of perceiving Napoleon Bonaparte is brought to the surface.
Thus, General Napoleon, now Emperor, took control of the military and defeated Austria on his first Italian campaign. The treaty of Campo Formio was signed, resulting in a territorial gain for Napoleonic France. After The Little Corsican ended the Reign of Terror’s government based around terror itself, legal and political reforms were made to reshape and rebuild France into a new, functional empire. Napoleon overthrew the Directory with his famous Coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire, ending the previous government that revolved around terror. A Consulate was established to act as the government for the new empire.
There was no more clergy or monarchy and this completely changed the way of life in France, especially for the common people. This event also inspired other people in Europe to rise up against their monarchies and fight for equality. This revolution changed France forever. Knowing the factors that caused it to happen at that specific time, may help me understand the revolution on a much deeper level and understand how those same factors could possibly influence a similar revolution in modern day society. Aims To prove that due to the poverty rate at this time, the King’s inexperience with leading the
How revolutionary was the French Revolution? This is one of the most intriguing questions after all the events which took place between 1789 and 1795 in France. In only 6 years time France underwent political changes which took decades or even hundreds of years in other countries. But what were the effects on the French people? The nobles for example lost their privileges such as the exemption of taxes, but also hunting and fishing rights and the right to wear a sword.
The Causes of the French Revolution The French Revolution was a ten year period began on July 14, 1789 and ended in 1799, considered one of the most complicated, long and full of events revolutions. This revolution is examined by the historians as a fundamental course of history because the unification of France evoked a series of rebellions which created confusion, mess, chaos, ending with revolutions through all Europe like Italy, Romania and Germany. The factor which affected France the most and led to the revolution during the late 1700’s was the enlightenment, an intellectual movement that challenged the way people view the human condition. The enlightenment radically influenced the French and the American Revolution as
The man himself sought-after to decree the simplest way that reconciled authority with political and social reform. Once Napoleon took over a disordered state within the starting of the nineteenth century, he had declared, “The Revolution is made fast on the principles on which it began; the Revolution is finished,” an announcement that is as advanced because the times delineated within the opening