In the American colonies between 1763 and 1775, a burning desire for freedom and to rid themselves of the perpetual taxation sparked within the aggravated colonists; leading to the people of the thirteen colonies to declare their separation from Great Britain. The British government placed a multitude of restraints onto the American colonists which limited the colonies ability to develop as a region in the process. In 1763 the Proclamation Act was passed which forbade the colonists to settle West of the Appalachian Mountains and required people who were previously living on that land to move back to the East. The American colonist was extremely frustrated at that passing of this law since they won the French and Indian War for the British
The United States was created from the leading battles of the Continental Army in the American Revolution; Europe’s greatest nation of the time at war with its own people. The abuse of power by the king of Great Britain had angered the colonist to fight for their rights as citizens, this lead to the Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution. As the troops of the American and British soldiers fought during the war what strengths and weaknesses influenced the win of the American soldiers? During the American Revolution, the American and British soldiers demonstrated clear strengths and weaknesses, which impacted the American troops’ victory. In the first place, the British soldiers had great strengths in the American revolution,
Before the war, America had no navy, or an organized army. The newly formed army had little to no experience in fighting. George Washington, now the commander of the Continental Army, had less experience than the most British soldiers. The men in the army were in bad shape. A few came and joined the army comfortable, with given shoes, coats, and food.
The United States, like many other countries, had to fight for independence from their motherland. During the early eighteenth century, many countries were facing suffer inflation by the British parliament in hope to gain more money for King George III. The main target was the colonies of the British Empire, also known as the American colonies. The American colonies consisted of mainly low poverty men, women, and children. It was the American colonies who paved the way into fighting for their freedom and independence.
After seven years of the fighting the French and Indian War, tensions had grown between Britain and its American colonies. In response to the substantial debt Britain was burdened with after the war, they began taxing the colonist with the intent of recuperating their losses. The colonist, who had not been given representation in the British parliament, felt the taxes were unfair. After more than a decade of increased restrictions and taxes, the prominent members of the colonial society were left with a decision to make: pay the taxes willingly or prepare for war ("Patrick Henry’s Speeches"). Although many colonists believed action against the British was necessary, only a few were willing to voice their opinions.
Document G illustrated some of these problems. Document G was written by Abigail Adams to Thomas Jefferson informing him about the political turmoil in her home state. This was around the time of the Constitutional Convention, and Adams, a powerful woman, wanted to inform Jefferson that something had to be done to the Articles of Confederation to stop this unrest. Another reason why the Articles of Confederation had to be changed was because of its inability to organize militias or enact and enforce nationwide taxes. Around 1786, the common people in Massachusetts revolted because of unfair state taxes and this was called Shay’s Rebellion.
First, the British were still in control of the thirteen North American colonies. Second, they continued to place heavy taxes on the colonists and would pass laws such as the Stamp Act, the Townshend Tariffs, and the Tea Act to increase the taxes for the colonists. The colonists, of course, were very upset by this and felt that they were being treated unfair. This resulted in major conflict between the British supporters, which were called “loyalists,” and the colonists that protested against the British, that were known as the “patriots.” Other important and disastrous events soon followed with all of the taxation such as, the Boston Massacre
They lacked the training and discipline of soldiers with more experience. Their numbers could help the Continental armies overwhelm smaller British forces, as at the battles of Concord, Bennington and Saratoga, and the siege of Boston.56 Both sides used warfare but the Americans suppressed Loyalist activity when British regulars weren’t in the area. Seeking to coordinate military efforts, the Continental Congress established a regular army on June 14, 1775 and appointed George Washington as Commander-in-Chief.57 The development of the Continental Army was always a work in progress, and Washington used both his regulars and state militia throughout the war. The United States Marine Corps traced its roots to the Continental Marines of the war, formed by a resolution of the Continental Congress on November 10,
During the first three years of the American Revolutionary war, the largest military encounters were in the north, focused on campaigns around the cities of Boston, New York, and Philadelphia. After the failed Saratoga Campaign in 1777 when the British attempted to gain military control of the Hudson River Valley, they largely abandoned their operations in the Middle Colonies and pursued a strategy of peace through subjugation in the Southern Colonies. This strategy failed as there were not as many Loyalists willing to fight as the British might have thought. Moreover, the Patriots use of more guerrilla warfare, with hit and run tactics which the British were not accustomed to. Finally, as the British chased the Americans through the countryside, they tended to take food, mainly from farmers, causing new enemies to be established.
Due to a very tight control on its own colonies, Britain essentially held the colonies in a stranglehold, figuratively, for too long. After the Tea Act was passed in 1773, a small group of radical colonists showed protest by destroying hundreds of barrels of tea a few months later. When Britain retaliated by punishing the colonies with oppressive laws known as the Coercive Acts, colonists started to band together in the mindset that it was time to become independent of Britain. The First Continental Congress was formed in 1774 as a result of the Coercive Acts. Here, the delegates of the colonies made the decision to start down the road of
The concise article did not delve into the cause of the Revolution, but only set for the characteristics that set the stage for the Revolution. The real cause of the Revolutionary War, was the in colonies quickly being stripped of the Rights of Englishmen. Parliament later passed the Townshend Act in 1767, which indirectly taxed the people. The restlessness soon led to the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party. In response to these acts of rebellion King George passed the “Intolerable Acts” and the Quebec Act.
America didn’t just start colonizing, America was fought for. Starting in 1765, members of American colonial society rejected the authority of the British Parliament to tax them and to create other laws affecting them without colonial representatives in the government. During the following decade, protests continued to escalate by colonists as in the Boston Tea Party in 1773, during which patriots destroyed a consignment of taxed tea from the Parliament-controlled and favored East India Company. The British responded by imposing laws on the colonists in 1774 known as the Coercive Acts, following which Patriots in the other colonies rallied behind Massachusetts. In late 1774, the Patriots set up their own alternative government to better coordinate their resistance efforts against Great Britain, while other colonists, known as Loyalists, preferred to remain aligned to the British
The battle of Lexington and Concord, a very famous battle in history, but why. Why is this event so important to are history that the story of its legacy gets passed on from generation to generation? In the 1700s The British finally won the French and Indian war at an extremely large expense. The British started to tax the new world for all that they had lost and blamed them for some of their expenses. The Boston Tea Party, Sugar Act, Tea Act, and Stamp Act all helped to inflame each side in this and help each side to grow hatred for eachother.