This war led the colonies to gain their independence from Great Britain and form, what we know today as the United States of America. This war started in 1775 and against all odds the colonies managed to defeat one of the most powerful empires in the world at its time in 1783. There were many factors regarding why the
Before Britain became the dictatorial power clouding any American effort to speak up, they were involved in a series of four wars. The last of them, the French and Indian War, occurred on American soil and the British victory handed England a pile of debt and a huge land dispute between the Indians residing in the territory the British gained through the Treaty of Paris and the colonists eager for new land. This started the ferocious turmoil between Britain and the American colonies. From the end of the French and Indian War in 1763 to the signing of the Declaration of Independence in 1776, British antagonistic policies only added gasoline to America’s resentment of British rule, and sparked their unity and dedication to colonial republican values. The end of the French and Indian War, signals the beginning of harsh
France entered the American Revolution on the side of the colonists in 1778, turning what had essentially been a civil war into an international conflict. After French assistance helped the Continental Army force the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had effectively won their independence, though fighting would not formally end until 1783. For more than a decade before the outbreak of the American Revolution in 1775, tensions had been building between colonists and the British authorities.
However, independence was not yet declared. Shortly after, they decided to declare independence from Britain (not the Declaration of Independence yet). The delegates voted to form a "Continental Army" soon after, with George Washington as their general. The colonies started to favor independence after the war was in full swing. In 1776, the colonies adopted the "Declaration of Independence," at the same time however, Britain sent a large naval fleet, along with 36,000 soldiers, to crush the rebellion once and for all, because of this, George Washington was forced to retreat from New
The concurrent global aspects of the military confrontations facing England must be recognized to place the implications of the Yorktown defeat in context of why American independence was officially won with the Peace Treaty of 1783. Some overseas theaters are covered in the webpages on the World War Context of the American Revolution, Impact of French World-Wide Involvement in the War for American Independence, and French Naval Leaders in the War for American Independence. Links to these pages are given at the end of this page. The remarkably swift execution by the joint and combined military Franco-American forces, leading to the 1781 Yorktown victory has been difficult for some to accept as the result of evolving circumstances which were exploited by the exemplary, rapid decisions of the variously allied commanders. Rather, there has been spawned, though considerable incomplete knowledge, a legend that the Yorktown Campaign was
Until re-analysis occurred during the second half of the twentieth century, his reputation in the U.S was that of an oppressor and in Britain he became "the schmuck for the defeat of imperialism". A defiance against King George’s taxes and trade regimentation, the American Revolution was the first modern revolution. It was the first time that people fought for their independence in the name of certain principles such as the rule of law, constitutional rights, and popular jurisdiction. There were conflicts and issues caused by the Seven Years' War, and British efforts to abolish American trafficking, to avoid conflict with Native Americans, and to pay the cost of locating soldiers in the colonies. There was also developing resistance in the colonies, such as petitions, intimidation, boycotts, and intercolonial gatherings.
The revolution occurred because of clash of interest of british and colonist, Inflaming tensions by the colonist also cause revolution with Great Britain, and the third reason why the american revolution couldn’t have been avoided was the Boston Massacre. The American Revolution couldn’t have been avoided. First and foremost, I do strongly believe the american revolution couldn’t of been have been avoided. According to enotes.com “ The American Revolution could perhaps have been postponed even longer. If the british had given the colonies representation in parliament”.
The colonists felt that the proclamation was a limit to their power and authority in the colonies. In protest, the colonists took to the westward trails, clogging pathways and moving out west. More significant than the immediate effects of the Proclamation of 1763 was what the Proclamation signified. It was the initial sign that England was starting to take an interest in the American colonies again, marking the end of salutary neglect. With this legislation, several decades of virtual independence in the colonies was over and the British began to assert their authority over their colonies.
The Boston Tea Party was an important historical event that occurred due to tensions over authority between the British and American colonists that led up to the Revolutionary War, which enabled the Americans living in the colonies to gain independence from England once and for all. This revolutionary event was an effort by Bostonians to get England to understand the colonists did not want to be taxed by the English parliament anymore without having to get violent. The Boston Tea Party was not an act of terrorism, it was simply a revolutionary rebellion against the Tea Act enforced by England’s parliament. The only “violent” act the people of Boston did was dump the British tea into the Boston harbor. The Bostonians did not even use their weapons used to break the crates of the tea to harm any of the other people residing in Boston.
From the beginning of the pre-revolutionary period, there was one American patriot and politician who contributed in various ways to the American Revolution; he was Samuel Adams. “Samuel Adams was an American patriot and politician who stirred opposition to British rule in the American colonies” (Adams Samuel 44). Samuel Adams lived from 1722 to 1803, spending numerous years of his life playing a great role in the Revolution, starting in the year 1765. In the years 1770 to 1773, Adams and the Committees of Correspondence notably contributed to the Revolution by protesting the Stamp Act, thus leading to them opposing several laws passed by the British. Samuel Adams is a great example of a patriot who contributed greatly to the American Revolution.
A few troops from either side were killed or wounded, but the colonists remain victorious in this battle. The Battle of Trenton was one of the battles that was a major turning point in the result of the war. The American colonists were forced to move out of New York City and off to somewhere else. The British had reclaimed the city. On December 26, 1776, Washington had made a plan to attack, knowing it was Christmas.
Mysterious Moment Before the American Revolutionary War there was an event that changed King George III’s point of view of how serious the colonists wanted freedom. Before this event Parliament was busy writing a new Act that sparked this event. After the Act the event began, the event that changed the war. After the event the colonists had to pay for their actions. This event was one of many that sparked the American Revolutionary War.
The Boston Massacre occurred in 1780, six colonists were shot and killed by British Soldiers. Adams successfully defended these soldiers in court, although it was the unpopular view of the colonists. In 1774 Adams was chosen as a delegate to attend the First Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia. During this meeting Adams played a leading role in convincing the congress to strive to declare independence. After this first meeting of congress Adams was elected once again to participate in the Second Continental Congress in 1775.
The Battle of Trenton was a significant battle in the American Revolution. The reason for this is General George Washington decided that on December 25, 1776 he and his men would cross the Delaware River and attack the Hessians. Washington tricked and trapped the Hessians by attacking them from behind. Since the battle lasted less than an hour, Washington and his army defeated the Hessians. These are some key points on why the Battle of Trenton was so significant.
At the end of signing a huge signature on the Declaration of Independence, John Hancock said, “There, I guess King George will be able to read that without his spectacles!” John Hancock changed the course of a war that was bound to be won by the British, and did so in a manner of elegance that could not be compared. Some would even argue that his role in the Revolutionary War was as significant as George Washington or Benjamin Franklin. Born on January 12, 1737, in what is now Quincy, Massachusetts, John Hancock was orphaned at a young age and taken in by his uncle, Thomas Hancock. A wealthy businessman and successful merchant, Thomas Hancock groomed John to one day take over his shipping business. Growing up in his uncle’s Boston mansion, Hancock was tutored for a year and then attended Boston Latin School.