More serious drugs of abuse, such as cocaine, meth, and heroin, interfere with the brain’s use of dopamine in manners that can seriously alter a person 's behavior. A drug’s ability to affect the neural systems related to dopamine production is now the defining characteristic of drugs that have a serious abuse potential. The main fear about marijuana in today’s time is that its effects are somehow similar to the dangerous, addictive effects of opiates such as heroin and morphine. Marijuana will interfere with the receiving of sensory to the cerebral cortex. Recent research in animals has also suggested that long-term use of marijuana can produce changes in the limbic system that are similar to those that occur after long-term use of other major drugs of abuse such as alcohol, cocaine, and heroin.
In others, neurons form more connections. (Martin, 2000) These brain changes can be long-lasting and can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who abuse drugs. Adolescents drug abuse coexist with other mental disorders, such as attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder, affective disorders,
Medications such as antidepressants, however, make this harder as they increase serotonin, which decreases dopamine. Adolescents are also more likely than their adult or young child counterparts to do things like show risky and/or dangerous behavior, including getting into fights or accidents, misinterpret emotions and/or social cues, and act without thinking. While teenagers are more
The image that people have on the topic of “drug addiction” is one that is full of stereotypes. In William Burroughs’s “The Junky’s Christmas” it is evident to the viewers that a drug addict, or what Burroughs’s refers to as “junkies”, go to extremes in order to fulfill their needs to feel the ultimate ecstasy. Similarly, in the propaganda film “Reefer Madness”, viewers are informed on the side effects of taking drugs which are told to extremes. Both videos clearly express means that are based solely on stereotypes linked to being a drug addict. Even thought these videos seem to be on the same page regarding drug addiction, there are many differences.
Both drugs are stimulants so they stimulate the individual and create an euphoric high, as a result of the way both drugs elevate the dopamine levels in the brain. Stimulants such as cocaine and meth cause the user to be more active, talkative, alert, less tired, exhilarated, etc. This essay will talk about each drug signs and symptoms treatment nursing management for drug abuse. Cocaine is an extremely addictive and poisonous drug and is a central nervous system stimulant (Miller-Keane).
The biological explanation of the brain in regards to drug addiction is interesting. According to the textbook, "Studies have found convincing evidence that drugs such as alcohol, heroin, and cocaine act directly on the brain mechanisms that are responsible for reward and punishment. " When one use drugs, the drug stimulates the areas of the brain that create the sensation of pleasure and suppress the pleasure of pain, as, a result, the user receives reinforcement to engage in further drug-taking behavior. The psychological explanation of drug abuse, "Focus on either personality disorders or the effects of social learning and reinforcement on drug-taking behaviors."
The side effects of these drugs are very serious. Prolonged use of this drug could also lead to addiction. It is made up of amphetamine which is known to make the heart race and cause palpitations. It can even raise the blood pressure, and heart rate of a person to dangerous levels.
Marijuana is a public health issue because it poses direct and indirect cost to the society. Researchers say that marijuana harms extend beyond the person using it thereby increasing the societal cost of managing the drug (Isaacson). When marijuana is legalized, the society and taxpayer has to dig deep to pay for increased emergency room visits, addiction
The effects of addiction on health can be devastating. Once addiction develops, the brain changes interfere with an individual’s ability to make voluntary decisions, leading to compulsive drug craving, seeking and use. 6 Drug abuse can suppress the body’s immune system and is related to risky behaviours, involving the sharing of contaminated syringe, needle or injection paraphernalia and unprotected sex. The combination greatly increases the likelihood of acquiring HIV, hepatitis and many other infectious diseases. 6 Drugs that lead to these diseases are heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine.
One aspect Bowen family therapy focus on is the idea people are the result of an evolutionary process. One component of the model is differentiation of self. Differentiation of self is the separation of one’s intellectual and emotional functioning process from other. Hunger the acronym in HALT states “People who are drug-dependent often try to satisfy this stress signal with drugs”, Anger states “ you might thing of yelling and screaming obscenities or fighting, then maybe going to grab a drink at the bar”, Loneliness states trying to learn how to live without drug dependency”, Tiredness states frequent drinking or drug use leads to problems with sleep, and operating on a lack of sleep can lead to errors in judgment, poor decision-making, and increased stress” @. (2016). What Are the HALT-ernatives To Drug Use?
Due to variability in brain recovery, many addicts may require prolonged treatment or supportive medications in order to discontinue their addictive lifestyles. Since the body becomes physically addicted to the drug, the body too must be cleaned of its effects before treatment can progress. Any detox can be extremely painful with severe physical symptoms that may be traumatic if attempted without medical treatment. Withdrawal from opiates can be very trying on the body and generally requires medical assistance to ease the patient through the process as much as possible. Disruption of endorphin production is thought to be associated with a need to increase opiate use in order to avoid the onset of painful withdrawal symptoms.
Dependence on prescription opioids can stem from treatment of chronic pain and in recent years is the cause of the increased number of opioid overdoses. Opioids are very addictive substances, having serious life threatening consequences in case of intentional or accidental overdose. The euphoria attracts recreational use, and frequent,
Psychedelic Drugs Psychedelic substances also referred to as psychotomimetic drug; psychomimetic drug are psychoactive substances whose most significant actions is usually to influence the thoughts and perceptions of the brain. It includes all the supposedly called mind-enhancing drugs that could result in states of altered thought processes, often with enhanced consciousness of sensory input, however with minimal control over what exactly is being experienced. A psychedelic drug principal effect is usually to alter cognition and also perception, usually by agonizing serotonin receptors. Psychedelics represent a larger class of psychoactive drugs also known as hallucinogens, a category which includes mechanistically supplementary elements like
This article also discusses how alcohol can impair the recovery process of an athlete by causing a disruption of the white blood cells When reading this article, I consequently noticed that based off of different consumption of alcohol and the person, it will be very hard to determine the effect of alcohol in a general fact. Alcohol has many immune and endocrine system effects that impair blood flow and other system, causing strength, power, muscle endurance, etc. to