More serious drugs of abuse, such as cocaine, meth, and heroin, interfere with the brain’s use of dopamine in manners that can seriously alter a person 's behavior. A drug’s ability to affect the neural systems related to dopamine production is now the defining characteristic of drugs that have a serious abuse potential. The main fear about marijuana in today’s time is that its effects are somehow similar to the dangerous, addictive effects of opiates such as heroin and morphine. Marijuana will interfere with the receiving of sensory to the cerebral cortex. Recent research in animals has also suggested that long-term use of marijuana can produce changes in the limbic system that are similar to those that occur after long-term use of other major drugs of abuse such as alcohol, cocaine, and heroin.
For example, in the case of cocaine, as the brain is adapted in the presence of the specific drug, brain regions responsible for judgment, decision-making, learning, and memory begin to physically change, making certain behaviors “hard-wired.” In some brain regions, connections between neurons are pruned back. In others, neurons form more connections. (Martin, 2000) These brain changes can be long-lasting and can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who abuse drugs. Adolescents drug abuse coexist with other mental disorders, such as attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder, affective disorders,
However, with addiction comes withdrawal, and this is equivalent to rejection which the best cure for is finding new love. Medications such as antidepressants, however, make this harder as they increase serotonin, which decreases dopamine. Adolescents are also more likely than their adult or young child counterparts to do things like show risky and/or dangerous behavior, including getting into fights or accidents, misinterpret emotions and/or social cues, and act without thinking. While teenagers are more
The image that people have on the topic of “drug addiction” is one that is full of stereotypes. In William Burroughs’s “The Junky’s Christmas” it is evident to the viewers that a drug addict, or what Burroughs’s refers to as “junkies”, go to extremes in order to fulfill their needs to feel the ultimate ecstasy. Similarly, in the propaganda film “Reefer Madness”, viewers are informed on the side effects of taking drugs which are told to extremes. Both videos clearly express means that are based solely on stereotypes linked to being a drug addict. Even thought these videos seem to be on the same page regarding drug addiction, there are many differences.
However, there are very distinct differences between cocaine and meth, in terms of how these drugs affect the individual both physically and psychologically. Both drugs are stimulants so they stimulate the individual and create an euphoric high, as a result of the way both drugs elevate the dopamine levels in the brain. Stimulants such as cocaine and meth cause the user to be more active, talkative, alert, less tired, exhilarated, etc. This essay will talk about each drug signs and symptoms treatment nursing management for drug abuse. Cocaine is an extremely addictive and poisonous drug and is a central nervous system stimulant (Miller-Keane).
The biological explanation of the brain in regards to drug addiction is interesting. According to the textbook, "Studies have found convincing evidence that drugs such as alcohol, heroin, and cocaine act directly on the brain mechanisms that are responsible for reward and punishment." When one use drugs, the drug stimulates the areas of the brain that create the sensation of pleasure and suppress the pleasure of pain, as, a result, the user receives reinforcement to engage in further drug-taking behavior. The psychological explanation of drug abuse, "Focus on either personality disorders or the effects of social learning and reinforcement on drug-taking behaviors." The sociological explanation on drug abuse and the symbolic interactionist perspective overlap.
The side effects of these drugs are very serious. Prolonged use of this drug could also lead to addiction. It is made up of amphetamine which is known to make the heart race and cause palpitations. It can even raise the blood pressure, and heart rate of a person to dangerous levels. The common side effects experienced by a person addicted to Adderall are insomnia, dizziness, tremors, overstimulation of the nervous system, hyperactivity and headaches.
Alcohol will cause your body to urinate more, leading to dehydration. It will also cause your blood vessels to expand, which can lead to the headaches often associated with a hangover. These are also many long term effects of drinking, specifically related to adolescents. As stated by the American Medical Association "The
Besides portraying the US in a bad light, legalization of marijuana for recreation increases the risk of developing mental problems, increases government expenditure on public health, jeopardizes the future of children, and is a gateway to other dangerous drugs. Increased health problems and public health expenditure- Marijuana is a public health issue because it poses direct and indirect cost to the society. Researchers say that marijuana harms extend beyond the person using it thereby increasing the societal cost of managing the drug (Isaacson). When marijuana is legalized, the society and taxpayer has to dig deep to pay for increased emergency room visits, addiction
The effects of addiction on health can be devastating. Once addiction develops, the brain changes interfere with an individual’s ability to make voluntary decisions, leading to compulsive drug craving, seeking and use. 6 Drug abuse can suppress the body’s immune system and is related to risky behaviours, involving the sharing of contaminated syringe, needle or injection paraphernalia and unprotected sex. The combination greatly increases the likelihood of acquiring HIV, hepatitis and many other infectious diseases. 6 Drugs that lead to these diseases are heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine.