Ancient Greece is associated as the birthplace of democracy but it is fair to say that Greece was home to various forms of governments. Government is Greece took extraordinary diverse forms across different city-States for centuries, political power could rest in the hand of one single individual which will be referred to as Monarchies or Tyranny, rule by small group of people referred to oligarchy or aristocracy. Rule by all the male citizens referred to as democracy, which is regarded as Greeks greatest contribution to modern day civilization (Democracy). (Brand, P.J. (n.d)).
Plato is the thinker or theorist who came with addressing who should rule in a political environment in what Plato outlined that only Philosophers should rule. This ideology will be addressed in the essay with substantiated reasons on why Plato thought that philosophers should rule. 1.1 DEFINITIONS OF KEY TERMS 2 PLATO BIOGRAPHY Plato was born around the year 428 BCE in Athens. Plato 's birth name was Aristocles, and he gained the nickname Platon, meaning broad, because of his broad build. His family had a history in politics, and Plato was destined to a life in keeping with this history.
Many of the roots of modern intellectual ideas and philosophies have stemmed from the ideas and philosophies of the ancient Greeks. While many other cultures had some impact, the Greeks most definitely had the most influence on modern math and science. Most notably, “the three Athenians that would come to dominate philosophy for the next 2000 years: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle”(p8). These three philosophers, along with many others from in or around ancient Greece set the foundation for Western intellect today. The communication abilities and location of ancient Greece allowed them to not only gather information about the ideas of diverse cultures around the world but also to have skepticism about the information and determine what was true.
WHAT IS A RHETORICAL TRIANGLE AND HOW TO USE IT A rhetorical triangle is made up of three persuasion strategies namely logos, pathos and ethos. These three persuasion appeals always work in tandem during arguments. The great Greek philosopher, Aristotle, in 4th century BCE wrote great treatises concerning rhetoric where he outlined the three major rhetoric appeals as mentioned above. Essentially, these strategies are what make up the rhetorical triangle. Although Aristotle himself did not use the triangular imagery which was adopted later, he effectively outlined the three persuasion modes and their uses in communication or during an argument.
Anthony Everitt’s biographical novel Cicero tells the life and times of Cicero in an exemplary way through his knowledge, objective historical judgments, and organization of the text. It is evident in the detail of events that Everitt has a vast knowledge of Cicero’s life, but also of the socioeconomic, cultural, religious, and political culture of Rome. From the beginning of the novel, Everitt approaches the book with a historical perspective, seeking to show what Rome was like in the first century BC by establishing a proper context for Cicero’s political life. Not to mention, Everitt begins the biographical focus of the novel with the famous death of Julius Caesar on the steps of the Senate on the Ides of March, which is at the end of Cicero’s life. This choice to begin near the end of Cicero’s life may seem unusual, but this scene captivates the reader in terms of figurative language and shows what the political instability of Rome caused, that is, the death of Julius Caesar, who only came to power because
290). Therefore, while Latin was used as a language of power, Greek was the language understood universally by people from different origins and therefore the language of books and literature “widely used for the composition of works on archeological, historical, and philosophical subjects (Rochette, 2014, p. 285)”. As such, educated people learned to read and speak Greek just as well as they did Roman, a fact which encouraged literary borrowings and language simulation. The mixing of these two languages in literature eventually created the Greco-Roman literature. As Bruno Rochette (2014, p. 285) explains “Greek and Latin are so closely linked in linguistic consciousness of the Romans that they came to assume a total assimilation of Latin to Greek”.
They had to speak on everything they experience and wants to keep around, so Plato and Socrates told a lot of stories. These stories had great important meaning. They believe the tale of Gods and Goddesses were mythopoetic base on myths that spread through book and poetry. 2. What does it mean to say that a culture is “mythopoetic”?
In the tale Gorgias by Plato, Socrates debates with four colleagues on what is rhetoric. To be able to answer if rhetoric is based on nature or convention you must first ask the question, what is rhetoric? Rhetoric stated by Socrates is the skill of making speeches (448d). Gorgias states that rhetoricians have the power of persuasions (452e). Rhetoric is having the power to persuade people in changing their opinion threw the power of speeches.
Greek mythology can be viewed as a mirror to the ancient Greek civilization. Ancient Greek myths and legends often reflected how the Greeks saw themselves. Myths were used by Greeks to make justifications of every existing aspect of earth as well as their own society. In myths, Greek gods & heroes often represented key aspects of the human civilization. From Greek mythology, we can learn about the favorable characteristics of humans, such as their behavior and valuable skills that were approved of by the ancient Greek society.
by King Philip of Macedonia. Alexander the Great, Philip’s son, who was tutored by the Greek philosopher Aristotle, set out to conquer the world and spread Greek culture and language. Because Alexander spoke Attic Greek, it was this dialect that was spread. It was also the dialect spoken by the famous Athenian writers. This was the beginning of the Hellenistic Age.