While the central focus of The Bonobo and the Atheist is the moral disposition of primates, Frans De Waal makes a subtler point that he wishes the reader to understand. His opposition in writing this book is not just to the notion that religion is the root of morality, but also to dogma of any kind. De Waals laments irrational thinking from people of all backgrounds - the religious, the nonreligious, and even scientists. De Waals begins the book by attacking religions which purport to be the origin of ethical behavior. Since most of the content of the book takes direct aim at this contention, the specifics of his objection will not be exhausted here.
Firstly, the genetic modification of humans, animals and plants may have adverse and unpredictable effects, or may be dangerous. Secondly, there are religious issues against genetic engineering; is it wrong to “play god” by effectively creating and changing life? Genetic alteration treats humans as products that must be designed, perfected and controlled; they are viewed as commodities, no longer gifts. Michael Sandel, a political philosopher, argues that genetic engineering is a problem because it represents a kind of hyper-agency, a Promethean aspiration to remake nature, including human nature, to serve our purposes and satisfy our desires”. (Michael
We can say the same about science and evolution and counter argue the reason of God bringing his son down for forgiving our sins. Not everything that is man made, it correct, not saying religion is
Nowhere in The Natural History of Religion does Hume’s explicitly speak in favor of atheism (perhaps due to the fear of persecution at the time), and yet, I would categorize this work as atheist. Hume strategically places monotheism or “theism” in contention with polytheism, leading the reader to assume that one would eventually prevail, but instead, he picks apart at both until readers are left questioning their own faith and wondering what a more rational alternative might be. In sections 1-5, Hume discusses polytheism and its origin. In sections 6-8, Hume discusses how we transition from polytheism to monotheism, and finally, in sections 9-15, he compares and contrasts the two, pointing out weaknesses and flaws in both. Throughout the book,
The supporters of both sides of this topic have many motives to clone or not to clone. In general, I am against cloning in all cases because the spirit is transferred to us through God because of love and our parents transferred it to us through love also through relation. Why some curious scientists have playing the role of God in their laboratories? Reproductive cloning would reduce the sense of uniqueness of an individual. It would interrupt deeply and widely convictions concerning human individuality and liberty, and could lead to a reduction of clones in comparison with non-clones.
This statement is known as the Kalam Cosmological Argument, which explains the existence of God and the universe. Many scientists of this time, including Isaac Newton and Leibniz, used science to defend their claims of a deity. At this time, this was somewhat unheard of since science and religion were typically kept in separate lanes. But this brought on controversy as Leibniz and Newton did not agree. In a debate with Newton’s advocate, Leibniz said that “by charging that Newton’s God was an inept watchmaker who had to reset the cosmic mechanism at intervals, while his God had already arranged for such
Strongly believing in your religion versus accepting the actual truth is a real testament of a religious person’s faith. While one might want to keep their strong beliefs in their religion and not go against it, testable theories and results from science say otherwise. In Stanley Kramers film Inherit the Wind, the ongoing battle of science versus religion continues. Along with several other problems, Kramers film helped me to formulate three questions. Can myth and superstition be tested?
Some people have accused the current president of being a Muslim to try to discredit him as a capable president. Recently, Pope Francis was criticized by some for questioning whether or not a presidential candidate was behaving as a Christian. Critics do not believe a leading world religious figure should comment on American politics. Even with the separation of church and state in this country, conflicts still arise as politics and religious beliefs cross lines. Without the clear guidance of the constitution, America might resemble the major power struggles of medieval
Some argue that it is against Christianity. Nonetheless, holy books does not have an explicitly written text about genetic screening. The arguments are only constructed from implications of the holy texts. As the holy texts might hold many different meanings, who can know for sure, if genetic screening is just or unjust way? As this topic is very complicated dilemma and needs a further debates to come to a common consensus, one should consider two outcomes: when it is morally accepted and when it is condemned as unethical thing to do.
Natural law is instilled in humans by God, whereas human laws are imposed by rulers (240). Based on its origins, natural law takes priority over the state laws, meaning that one could arguably disregard laws based upon one’s own conscience (243). This is another concept that is visible in politics today. Missionaries break government bans on Bibles based on their conviction to disciple all nations. Conservatives protest or disregard policies that they feel goes against natural law: homosexuality, abortion, etc.
While the author does use parallels so that the reader can relate to the text, the author also estranges the reader from the idea of humans being the superior species. Through this estrangement the reader can see that the medical ethics in play, when referring to eugenics and genetic engineering, are in jeopardy as many people believe. The notion of humans not being the top species forces the reader to take a mental step back and rethink the reluctance to explore the possibilities of the human
In the third chapter of Ronald M. Green’s Babies by Design Green suggest the idea of categorizing the different degrees of human gene modification into the style of Punnett squares. Additionally, this chapter mainly focuses on the boundaries and of genetic engineering from Somatic modification treatment to germline enhancement. Green breaks this chapter up, in essentially four sections. He acknowledges the benefits of all four types of genetic modification and while some are less controversial than others, he presents a more in-depth argument for ones that are hotly debated, like germline gene therapy.
In Dinesh D’Souza’s “Staying Human”, D’Souza contemplates the technological advances of the biotech revolution. He considers the effects of this revolution, through its benefits and hindrances upon society. D’Souza also contemplates the role parents will play in this society. Because of advances in biotechnology, parents assume the role of creator and attempt to design children according to their will. When utilizing biotechnology, parents determine the values they believe constitutes a “model Child” and attempt to assume the role of creator.
In the movie “Gattaca”, directed by Andrew Niccol, Niccol indicates how in the future we are going to depend on technology. As well as in how we are going to become more of an unrealized expectation. It was demonstrated as genetic engineering. For example, they would get a piece of what you wanted your child to have such as height, gender, and skills. Which is bad in my opinion, Therefore, I will have to say that I disagree with the use of wanting to use Genetic engineering for childbirth for the following reasons.