Many share the misconception that racism is a problem of the past. To them, prejudice has entirely ceased to exist, and today, humanity bears witness to a nondiscriminatory world. The flippant citing of Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream,” perhaps even validates this new, egalitarian society emerging; however, such a society is merely an illusion. In fact, a minor offense as simple as citing “I Have a Dream” may not seem a big deal; however, many anthropologists contend that the telltale signs of institutionalized racism are present in these seemingly innocent actions. Furthermore, scholars Elizabeth Barnert and Terry Jones examine the state of institutionalized racism in their respective articles. Through a socioeconomic and …show more content…
While she never addresses the concept by name, Barnert’s text nonetheless seeks justice for minorities in cities facing clearly prejudiced systems. Moreover, and because Barnert does not explicitly state that institutionalized racism exists, her argument for reformation is weaker; however, her investigation exposes telling correlations between race and the economic status, opportunity, social environment, and education of inner-city communities. The oppressive system analyzed in the scholar’s article ensnares youth in never-ending cycles of detainment, poverty, and violence. She mostly emphasizes this prosecuting tone through her concerns that “adolescent voices on pathways to jail are notably lacking,” as she attempts to show flaws in America’s incarceration system and the society’s perception of race (Barnert 1365). Additionally, by providing the perspectives of these so-called troubled youths, her prosecuting tone becomes even clearer. She considers among America’s most profound problems lie in its incarcerating a larger proportion of minority youths than white youths (Barnert 1365). Similarly, Jones shares this sentiment with Barnert, revealing more troubling realities that concern institutionalized systems of inequality. Unlike Barnert, however, Jones assumes a historical perspective to defend his thesis. This lens allows for a stronger argument on his …show more content…
He denounces the systems that have inhibited blacks and other minorities for decades. Jones argues that historically, the core of institutionalized racism is difficult to uproot, like a “runaway vine” (221). Moreover, Jones substantiates his thesis by analyzing trends in history, how whites historically designed legislation to regulate blacks after the abolition of slavery (219). Furthermore, Jones explains, “[white society] has decided to subsidize the suburbs, to give ghetto-dwellers inadequate education and social services, and to patrol the ghettos with oppressive police, whose function is to keep people in line” (223). Alike, Barnert’s use of evidence helps her thesis, though not as effectively as achieved in Jones’ article, who seems to be more attached to the realities of institutionalized racism. While recognizing that in Los Angeles County over 95% of youth detainees belong to minority groups (Barnert 1366), she never confronts the historical origin for this troubling statistic. Likewise,Barnert achieves most of her argumentative validity in her employing of statistics that support her thesis. For example, Barnert further traces institutionalized racism by supplying the fact that African American youths “areapproximately 5 times more likely […] to be detained than their White counterparts” (Barnert 1365). While the scholar’s statistics is effective at
Watching Michelle Alexander’s book discussion was such an eye opening experience for me to a matter that I was blind to till now. Watching her discussion brought feelings of anger, shock, shame, but most of all hope. I was completely unaware to the mass incarceration of minorities. I was aware of the increase of mass incarnation but not to the extent that Michelle explained in her discussion. I believe that Michelle’s description of the birth of a caste like system in the US to be extremely accurate.
In her article “The New Jim Crow,” Michelle Alexander powerfully argues that the American prison system has become a redesigned form of disenfranchisement of poor people of color and compares it to the racially motivated Jim Crow laws. She supports her assertions through her experiences as a civil rights lawyer, statistical facts about mass incarceration, and by comparing the continued existence of racial discrimination in America today to the segregation and discrimination during the Jim Crow laws. Alexander’s purpose is to reveal the similarities of the discriminatory and segregating Jim Crow laws to the massive influx of incarceration of poor people of color in order to expose that racism evolves to exist in disguised, yet acceptable forms
In this article Nagel discusses an era of “the new Jim Crow” where racism ad sexism is appernt in the United States jail system. Nagel uses statistics to show how the prison population is growing to be black women and more gilrs than there are men. Nagel disccuses ways inpoliticans look at racial discrepancy ehrn sentencing. Her end argument is that it is time to transform our jail and justice system so that a black and female life can be considered a human life in the United States. This academic journal article will help support my argument that most of the politicians use the fact that these immigrants or people of color are dangerous and need to be kept off the streets as a political campaign to keep the white minority “safe”.
“There are more African-American men in prison, jail, on probation or parole than were enslaved in 1850” (Arene-Morley). Racism in present day America is harder to see than previous periods because the most apparent and obvious forms of racial discrimination such as slavery or segregation have been eliminated. Nonetheless, racism effects the political, economic, and sociocultural structures of America in ways that cause separation between people of color and whites. Race constantly affects the way we are seen in society and controls our actions. Racism leads to ostracizing, bullying, and even violence.
Though everyday segregation of blacks and whites has ended since the Civil Rights movement, this prison organization system illustrates the racial bias present in Americans, orchestrating a new form of segregation, though the ultimate decision for Johnson v. California ruled in favor of ending this program, as it was deemed unconstitutional. Subsequently, both this case and A Lesson Before Dying display the lasting effect segregation had on the U.S., creating a prejudiced view of different
Fast forward to the present day, we have the Ferguson, Mike Brown of Emmitt Till’s still occurring in our justice system. A person must view the criminal justice threw a godly telescope to see the inequalities that exit, and need to come to the forefront of our government, and the population worldwide. Sentencingproject.org statistically show that African American men, women, and juvenile are arrested more often than any other races across the nations. This report will prove, and argues that racial disparity in the justice system is at large in our system. This research paper will further explain, and presents evidence that display the presence of racial bias in the criminal justice system in America.
THESIS Today, many would say that we live in a “post-racial society” but this is not the case for the millions of black and brown individuals living in America. In this book, Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor points out the many modern examples of systematic oppression that many African Americans are currently facing in our daily lives. SUMMARY In this book, Taylor points out the exhausting and angering struggles that the Black community face. She talks about the corrupt “justice” system that locks up millions of African Americans, she discusses that the country is in fact a “colorblind” society that often tries to dismiss racism as a thing of the past, she brings attention to the poverty and unemployment rates in the African American community, and
Snyder and M. Sickmund, 754 out of 100,000 Black youth were in custody, compared to 190 per 100,000 of White youth. Hispanic and Native American youth also experiences disproportionate arrest and incarceration. There is an ongoing debate about whether race differentials also involve bias in policing and juvenile justice processing which may be especially true for racial profiling, random strip search and drug arrests (Snyder and Sickmund, 2006). In these examples, it is clear that the system-blame approach is applicable to the unequal treatment of juveniles based on race, with law enforcement, the juvenile justice system and the media being parts of the “system.” Society’s attitude toward crime in general has become harsher especially when the young perpetrators are minorities and belong to the lower social classes.
Eleven percent of all black males between the ages of 20 and 34 are in prison or jail. The dramatic rise in the prison and jail population over the last three decades to 2.3 million people at the end of 2007 has only amplified the racial accusations against the criminal-justice system. “Either this country targets Latinos and black people for mass incarceration, or Latinos and black people are pathological criminals compared to this country 's heavenly white folk” (Rios). A white man could do the same crime as a black or Hispanic man but the person of color will get a bigger sentence. “While Latinos and black people make up about 30 percent of the U.S. population, they account for 59 percent of the U.S. male prison population.
There is a historical racism that is ingrained in the country and is in the subconscious of the American people. It is what has been referred to as uber discrimination (Reskins.) In this paper I will talk about the extensive history of racism in America while explaining the origins and current use of the systems and structures currently in place. While this paper does give extensive history it will only talk about systems. This paper explains many events but, due to sheer volume will not be able to address all historical points, especially pertaining to micro aggressions, and personal racism (using slurs and offensive language.)
Annotated Bibliography Alexander, M. (2010). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. New York: The New Press. Alexander opens up on the history of the criminal justice system, disciplinary crime policy and race in the U.S. detailing the ways in which crime policy and mass incarceration have worked together to continue the reduction and defeat of black Americans.
Although the population of racial minorities is increasing, the issue of urban segregation has not decreased, as some might hope. The social and political consequences of this segregation are vast and particularly detrimental to poor African Americans. They are unable to afford property in suburbs, so they must remain in inner-city ghettos. The neighborhoods that used to be based in and funded by
Chapter seven dealt extensively with race and racial prejudice, issues that most people would like to see eradicated, but some still believe to be ever present. Souryal’s literature, which deals with real life situations as well as theory behind it, presents some interesting but unfortunate cases where people are mistreated or biased against for nothing more than their race. Racial prejudice is wrong and shouldn’t have any bearing on the justice system, but unfortunately—due to things like racial profiling—there are still cases where a precedent is set and police act, either consciously or unconsciously, against minorities instead of criminals. Strange concepts, such as justifiable inequality, were explained—this, in particular, was a concept I knew nothing about before reading Souryal’s chapter on it. The chapter also went into great depth about serious issues like discrimination and stereotyping, especially how stereotypes about minorities, which are perpetrated by a very small percentage of them, lead to police misconduct and police stereotypes that hurt many upstanding citizens who are black or Latino.
= This article discusses some of the social and historical underpinnings of racism in the United States. But the author also gives special consideration to the role of conventional news media in not only understanding these racial underpinnings, but in facilitating an effective, public dialogue about them.
Discussion 8 My observation, regarding continuing racial inequality, would be the overwhelming population of African Americans in the prison I recently toured. I was standing alongside my Criminal Law professor, and we were both commenting about the racial disparity. No doubt, the men who are in prison have done something to be there, but are their crimes any less heinous than any other man arrested for the same offense, but given less time? Labels and selective perception plays a significant role in the placing of certain individuals in “boxes.”