It is only an inference that Edmund would not have been happy with Edgar’s status and would then want his father’s. Edmund had to first convey his dedication to his father in order to usurp him. That is where his plan with Edgar comes into play. The reader is made aware that Gloucester has fallen for Edmund’s schemes when he is exclaims “where is the villain Edmund” (II.i, 37). Edmund, like a snake, is able to trick his father into believing that he is the ‘good’ son pinning all the blame on Edgar.
This slogan is an equivalent to the common cliche that ignorance is bliss. If the people are ignorant to their potential, they will not rebel. “If there is hope [wrote Winston] it lies in the proles… Until they become conscious they will never rebel, and until after they have rebelled they cannot become conscious” (73). This quote demonstrates that Winston is aware of the power that the proles have. He is aware of their ability to overthrow the Party and is frustrated that the proles do not realize this.
This is exhibited when Winston and Julia express the love they have for each other and both declare their hate for the party. In order to advances his goal in rebelling, Winston attempts to have more than a forbidden private love affair, he attempts to be an active rebel. In doing so, Winston plots against societies’ back and breaks the law. Not only does he betray the government, but he also opens many chances in which he can be harshly punished The second example in which Orwell’s use of betrayal unveiled the characters of their integrity and of their intentions is by pushing characters to betraying each other’s trust. In depth, after stating his aspirations in rebelling, Winston and Julia go to O’brien for help.
While his courage in rebelling against the potency of the Party can be admired, the method he chooses to employ in order to achieve his goal is not only morally reprehensible, but also very non-heroic. For example, in his discourse with O’Brien, Winston declares he is “prepared to commit murder…to commit acts of sabotage which may cause the death of hundreds of innocent people [and] to throw sulphuric acid in a child’s face” if it meant weakening the power of the Party (179-180). True heroes like Beowulf and Odysseus would never commit such unethical and detestable acts even if it meant succeeding. Winston’s decision to do so demonstrates he is just an ordinary human whose conscience can be easily clouded in the wake of adversity. (possible
During this process of punishment O’Brien admits that he pretended to be connected to the Brotherhood only to catch Winson’s disloyalty to the party. Winson is continuously brainwashed and tortured. O’Brien does this because he wants to have complete control over Winston 's mind such as believing something as simple as two plus two equals five, but because Winston is still resistant, he is taken to room 101 which drastically alters him. In this room he reaches his breaking point. The party has tortured Winston until he has obeyed and agreed with what the party wants him to believe.
This secret wish eventually leads to an affair with a woman named Julia. She also resents the Party, but not to the extent of Winston’s hatred of them. Their love affair is yet another form of rebellion against Big Brother, and demonstrates Winston’s struggle to gain his freedom. Winston’s defiance and rebellious acts are eventually discovered, and he is arrested and taken to the Ministry of Love. There he endures weeks of torture, interrogation, and brainwashing, but inevitably he gives up his struggle against the power of the Party and gives in to its total mind control as a loyal subject.
They function by showing their supporters images of the corrupt western world, such as portions of Donald Trump’s videos where he says something that is ignorant or they make promises of a better life, which is undeniably false. In 1984, the narrator states that “there were whispered stories of a terrible book….of which Goldstein with the author” and the narrator also says that THE BOOK was a subject that no Party member would mention. By telling the public that the Big Brother has a book that is terrible book and suggesting that the Party’s totalitarian way is the best way, this makes the population of Oceania believe that this is what’s best for them by using Propaganda. In both examples, these groups use the ignorance of the population in order to fool them out of a democracy and causes people to support the promise of a better life. Unfortunately, this book has been a commentary on our society even before it was written in 1949.
In Newspeak, Orwell invents a language that will make rebellion impossible, because the words to conceive of such an action cease to exist. doublethink in the novel represents the ability to maintain two contradictory ideas in one’s head simultaneously and believe them both to be true. Emmanuel Goldstein’s manifesto even suggests that doublethink is strongest among the powerful Inner Party members who convince themselves that they act for Big Brother, even though they know that Big Brother is a myth. Only because double thinking is a powerful thing in this novel they try making the citizens avoid double thinking. In 1984 Doublethink is equally crucial to Winston’s gradual conversion to loving Big Brother because it enables him to accept his torturers’ words as true, even though his own fading memories of the photograph of the three Party traitors.
Only thing the society should really love is Bigh Brother, but Winston rebels against that as well. He and Julia have a sexual relationship that turns into love, which are two rules that they both break in the novel. In Brave New World, John the Savage has self-discipline and control, unlike the people in the society around him. John was brought up in the Savage Reservation so he stands out and is an outsider.The World State, like the Party or Big Brother, promotes happiness, uniformity, and stability. John the Savage goes against them and believes in abstinence, family, and free will.
In George Orwell’s 1984, he utilizes motif, imagery, and irony to display the negative effects of a totalitarian government can have on society. To begin, Orwell uses motif, more specifically the recurring theme of manipulation and authority, to convey his purpose. In Part I Chapter IV, Winston explains his job and what he does at the Ministry of Truth: “Every prediction made by the Party could be shown be documentary evidence to have been correct [...] Everything faded away into a shadow-world in which, finally, even the date of the year had become uncertain” (Orwell 40, 41). As Winston explains what he does for a living, readers begin to realize that Winston takes false predictions made by Big Brother and rewrites them to be true. The government literally rewrites history to make it seem like the ominous “Big Brother” is always correct.