One month prior to the end of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln gave his Second Inaugural Address. The address, spoken before his second term as president, was intended to give his views on the causes of the Civil War and to list reasons why the war started. In the speech, Lincoln addresses the reasons and causes of the war and tries to bring the North and South together. In order to convince the two to unite once more, Lincoln uses alliteration, allusion, synecdoche, and metonymy to make his point and purpose clear. Lincoln utilizes alliteration in order to achieve his purpose of uniting the two unions together.
The Civil War was a time period of social, political, and economic tensions. The North and South fought to decide whether to stop or continue slavery. Abraham Lincoln, the then president, addresses the two crowds before and after the war; however, in the second address, after the war, he uses specific literary devices to convey his message, of the need to end slavery. Abraham Lincoln uses varied sentence structure and appeals, in his succinct Second Inaugural Speech, to try to bring back harmony in the states and the abolitionment of slavery. Abraham Lincoln uses varied sentence structure to emphasize his message of harmony and abolition of slavery.
Referring to such a defining moment in history were just one of the reasons why President Lincoln’s speech was so successful. The Gettysburg Address, one of the shortest, most quoted, and successful speeches in U.S. history was all due to the way President Lincoln was able to use ethos, logos, and pathos while presenting his speech to the audience at the Soldiers’ National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Firstly, of the three modes of persuasion President Lincoln used his first was ethos. Ethos, are used to convince the audience with the author’s reliability or ethics. President Lincoln being well known as “Honest Abe” to countless individuals and being the President of the United States surely give him the credibility of having ethos in his speech.
President Abraham Lincoln, in his inaugural address, addresses the topic of the civil war and its effects on the nation and argues that America could be unified once more. He supports his claim by using massive amounts of parallel structure and strong word choice. Lincoln ‘s purpose is to contemplate the effects of the civil war in order to unite the broken America once again. He adopts a very hopeful tone for his audience, the readers of the inaugural address and others interested in the topic of American history and the civil war. To begin, President Lincoln strengthens his points by using parallel structure in paragraph by exclaiming “All dreaded it, all sought to avert it”.
In 1863 there was a battle, the battle of Gettysburg. It was a civil war that lasted for three days and more than 50,000 people died. So Abraham Lincoln’s speech was actually to honor the fallen soldiers and to remind the people that they were fighting for
The Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln signaled the ending of the Battle of Gettysburg and the American Civil War. The Gettysburg Address has dedicated to our nation the freedom that all men are equal. The brave soldiers who have risked their lives so that our new nation could be conceived in liberty will forever be remembered. Abraham Lincoln used literary devices like alliteration, repetition, and personification to produce a special effect in his speech. He stated his speech off with an allusion.
Throughout the speech, Lincoln seldom utilizes dividing diction such as “you”, “I” or “them” that implies that the people, and even the speaker, are separate from one another. Instead, he utilizes unifying terms, such as in “We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live”(Lincoln, #). Numerous times throughout this section the term “we” can be seen, which Lincoln used specifically as it is a unifying term. The term brings together the speaker and the audience as one, leaving no room for
In a state of turmoil, unification is essential for a country to successfully move forward under one power. In his Second Inaugural Address, United States President Abraham Lincoln mentions the destruction created after the Civil War but also the peace that will come for the future of the country. Abraham Lincoln attempts to unite the American people after the Civil War through the use of confidently hopeful tone, the appeal to emotions, and the use of Biblical references. Throughout the Inaugural Address, Lincoln maintains a confidently hopeful tone towards the United States citizens to ensure there would ultimately be unity. He states in a flashback that “four years ago all thoughts were anxiously directed to an impending civil war.” This is to mainly contrast the mindset the citizens of the United States have with the one he has.
He uses diction, organization, and allusion as rhetorical strategies to further his purpose of uniting the nation. To begin with, Lincoln starts out with diction. He uses diction as one of the ways he ties in with the people to persuade them. He uses the words “trust”, and “hope”. In paragraph 1, he states, ”...I trust, reasonably satisfactory and encouraging to all.
.... Every part fitted into the whole argument perfectly. As I recall it, the Exeter speech followed closely the lines of the Cooper Union address, which was on slavery. I suppose it had been carefully prepared. I know it captured all of us.”--Marshall Snow in Intimate Memories of Lincoln. Many of his important speeches include The Gettysburg Address, The Emancipation Proclamation, and his second inauguration speech.