Civil Disobedience by Thoreau is the refusal to obey government demands or commands and nonresistance to consequent arrest and punishment this had an extreme effect on Martin Luther King Jr and Mahatma Gandhi. They were fighting for different beliefs. However they both had the same believes about civil disobedience and they both end in the same place, jail. In the first place Gandhi believed that the only way to confronted injustice was with non-violent methods. Gandhi once said “It is the acid test of non-violence,” “that in a non-violent conflict there is no rancor left behind and, in the end, the enemies are converted into friends.” For example, Gandhi expected Britain to allow India’s independence after World War I, but it did not happen,
Although there isn’t as many as metaphors they are harder to find. He used these Allusions to make people think about the past and how people before they responded.On of the major examples of people that he indirectly mentions is, HItler. King talks about how what Hitler did in germany was completely legal, and that everything that the the freedom fighters from Hungaria tried to to do, was illegal.Now this lets whoever is reading the letter think about the past and question things that other people think. King does this to make the person reading question the ethics of people and how they behave in certain circumstances. And as King mentions in the excerpt, he says that if he lived, “in a communist country today where certain principles dear to the Christian faith are suppressed, I believe I would openly advocate disobeying these anti-religious laws.” What he means by this is if he was in that country where they suppress religious acts, he would have prefered to break the law to follow his religion.
Both of them used rhetoric and persuasive speaking and writing skills to make their cases bolder. Martin Luther King Jr. heavily used anaphora, emphasizing on how him and the people of America “cannot be satisfied” until racism is brought to an end. Atticus uses analogy when he says, “This case is as simple as black and white.” (Lee, 224). Whenever Atticus is presenting a point, he often went about it with a question. He uses this to flow through his speech, such as when he stated: “What did her father do?
The goal in going to prison is making the unfair laws public and calling more attention to them. Thoreau speaks out on how important it is to protest these unfair laws and how breaking them is a form of protest. In Letter From a Birmingham Prison, King writes about how he was arrested for peaceful protest. He was protesting the unfair laws and treatment against African Americans. During this time period segregation
On April 4, 1967 Doctor Martin Luther King Jr gave the speech, “Beyond Vietnam-A time to Break Silence.” In this powerful speech Dr. King addresses his followers, and explains why the same people who are advocating for civil rights, should also protest the war in Vietnam. Dr. King’s main appeal is towards pathos because he is explaining his reasons, most of which are moral in some way. Dr. King develops the central claim of the speech by explaining how the war is taking away resources from the poor, how the soldiers are disproportionately poor people, and lastly how the war is completely against his morals. His central claim of the speech revolves around war being an enemy of the poor. In the first part of his speech, Dr. King begins with his first reason for protesting the war in Vietnam.
As society faced great inequities in the 19th and 20th centuries, activists and philosophers sought to inform the general public. At the turn of the 19th century, Thoreau presented his writing of a "Civil Disobedience" as an argument of the injustices of the tyrannical government after spending a night in jail. Likewise, Martin Luther King Jr. presented his argument to society as he was jailed in 1963. In his "Letter from Birmingham Jail," King perceives the injustice of the African American community as a primary goal as to the need for the advocation of the whole population. Whereas in Thoreau's "Civil Disobedience," it addresses the injustices in broader terms and stresses the despotic government.
King’s letter was structured in such a way, to address all the concerns of the clergymen. Since it was such a long letter, King wanted the clergymen’s major points to be refuted towards the end, effectively showing his audience the racial injustice that occurs with the Birmingham police. In the public statement addressed to King, the Birmingham police were mentioned towards the end. With the way the letter was structured, there is a possibility that King addressed their arguments in a chronological order. King easily refuted this point with an appeal to emotion, showing the appaling image of the Birmingham police force.
Martin Luther King Jr. was an important figure in gaining civil rights throughout the 1960’s and he’s very deserving of that title as seen in both his “I Have a Dream” speech and his “Letter from Birmingham Jail” letter. In both of these writings Dr. King uses logos - logical persuasion - and pathos - emotional appeal - to change the opinions of people who were for segregation and against civil rights. Although King was arrested for a nonviolent protest, he still found a way to justify his actions with the use of logos and pathos. MLK uses both ways to gain the attention and agreement of the audience but, he uses pathos not just more, but in a more relatable way in order to appeal to his audience. The “I Have a Dream” speech is well known throughout history to be one of the most famous speeches to be on the subject of civil rights.
Civil Disobedience Compare and Contrast Henry Thoreau and Martin Luther King both wrote persuasive discussions that oppose many ideals and make a justification of their cause, being both central to their argument. While the similarity is obvious, the two essays, Civil Disobedience by Thoreau and Letter from a Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King Jr. do have some similarities. King tries persuading white, southern clergymen that segregation is an evil, unfair law that ought to defeat by use of agitation of direct protesting. Thoreau, on the other hand, writes to a broader, non-addressed audience, and focuses more on the state itself. He further accepts it at its current state, in regard to the battle with Mexico and the institution of slavery.
In 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested and imprisoned in Birmingham regarding his protest activities on segregation. While in jail, King wrote an open letter in response to eight white clergymen who were criticizing his actions. In the letter, King defends the use of nonviolent protests and demonstrations against segregation and racism through the use of allusions to religious figures and values. Throughout his letter, her makes various references to symbols of religious authority and uses the ideas of extremism and togetherness to show the clergymen the reasoning behind his passionate cause. King begins his letter showing his authority in the Christian denomination as he states that he serves as the president of the Southern Christian
This is why Martin Luther King Junior was involved in Birmingham. King had organizational ties there, and wanted to end the racial injustice that was happening in the city (1). While in Birmingham, King was sent to the city jail for protesting without a permit. While in the jail facility, he wrote a letter responding to several clergymen’s statements on his nonviolent demonstrations
These were supposed to be non-violent protest that show to the nation the inequalities that the blacks faced. Riots broke out and many blacks were arrested and 2 killed. Because of the violence, Martin Luther King Jr. was asked to come to Birmingham. It is here that he created his famous “letter from Birmingham jail”. He brought to light for other clergy men who were opposed to him being there the injustices that Blacks in Birmingham had endured.
Chase dreams even if doing so is technically illegal. Throughout history, we have celebrated those who disobey unjust laws in the name of justice. Take Martin Luther King for example. “A law is unjust if it is inflicted on a minority that, as a result of being denied the right of vote, had no part in enacting or devising the law.”(King, p469) However, all sorts of devious methods were used to prevent the colored from becoming registered voters. All men are created equal, but the colored were not given the equal rights to vote nor were they treated equally at that time.
The Birmingham campaign in 1963 was of mass importance to the civil rights movement. It was lead by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the campaign itself was lead by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Reverends James Bevel and Fred Shuttlesworth, among others. They protested with sit ins, marches and boycotts at what was known as the most racist state in America to try and change the segregation laws. During the Birmingham campaign Martin Luther king disobeyed protesting laws and was arrested along with hundreds of other civil rights activists. The next day the head of the Birmingham police force gave orders that it was okay to use force against the protesters and the images of children being sprayed with firehouses and beaten appeared on televisions and in newspapers all over the world and gained national attention and after successfully negotiating a compromise with the attorney general the protests were called off on the 8th May 1961 making it one of he most important and successful campaigns of the civil rights era.
and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference moved to start a local movement in Birmingham, Alabama. It was designed to directly confront segregation in Birmingham, targeting stores during the easter season and the ability for African-Americans to vote. On April 10, 1963 a court injunction was made against the protests Martin Luther King Jr and others were performing. MLK decided that the injunction was unjust and unconstitutional and so on April 12th he went out and protested again and he got arrested. From the birmingham jail he wrote his famous letter talking about how we have a responsibility to break unjust laws and how we can not wait forever justice to come through the courts.