Rhetorical Analysis Of George Eisenhower's Speech

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Fifty-three years, ten months and eighteen days ago, Eisenhower gave what is now known as one of the most memorable farewell addresses in presidential history, excluding George Washington and his departing speech, to the nation. In this amazing address, Eisenhower expresses fears and warns of deficit spending, the corrupting influence of the military, and the possible corruption of science. In quick overview, this speech seems like a simple farewell to the nation he had served for so many years, but if you dive a little deeper, the meaning is much more multifaceted.
After briefly thanking Congress, Ike then delves into the problems he foresees, identifying two main points and sub-points. He first speaks about concerns for the growth and budget
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To support this thought he brings in three sub-points: proper and smart use of resources, the appearance of America, and more effort in eliminating nuclear weapons. Discussing the use of resources, Eisenhower states, “we cannot mortgage the material assets of our grandchildren without risking the loss of their political and spiritual heritage. We want democracy to survive for all generations to come, not to become the insolvent phantom of tomorrow.” America’s image is referenced when he says that we “must avoid becoming a community of dreadful fear and hate, and be, instead, a proud confederation of mutual trust and respect.” As for the disarming of nuclear weapons, Eisenhower states, “Disarmament, with mutual honor and confidence, is a continuing imperative. Together we must learn how to compose differences, not with arms, but intellect and decent purpose.”
In this speech, there are a few different audiences addressed. The United States citizens are addressed by the opening statement, “Good evening, my fellow Americans…” His second audience, the Kennedy Administration, is captured in majority of the speech, as if Eisenhower was trying to give advice to his successor. “To all the peoples of the world…” is his last audience
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He praises the nation, holding it to such a high standard and persuades people that it should continue to be elevated when he says, “Throughout America’s adventure in the free government, our basic purposes have been to keep the peace, foster the progress in human achievement, and to enhance liberty, dignity, and integrity among peoples and among nations. To strive for less would be unworthy of a free and religious people.” He also relates himself to the rest of the people when he says, “As a private citizen, I shall never cease to do what little I can to help the world advance…” Parallelism is used to accentuate his theme of balance, “But each proposal must be weighed in the light of a broader consideration: the need to maintain balance in and among national programs, balance between the private and the public economy, balance between the clearly necessary and the comfortably desirable, balance between our essential requirements as a nation and the duties imposed by the nation upon the individual, balance between actions of the moment and the national welfare of the
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