On April 3, 1964 Malcolm X delivered one of the most empowering speeches in American history. Two thousand people including some of his enemies turned out to hear him speak in Cleveland, Ohio. X was a black civil rights activist who played a huge role in the black community during the mid 20th century. His speech “The Ballot or the Bullet,” was about black nationalism during the current election year. At the time, blacks did not have much say in who they wanted to elect.
The Ballot or the Bullet Rhetorical Analysis This is my rhetorical analysis of Malcolm X’s speech, “The Ballot or the Bullet.” I chose this piece because I focus on the concepts of ethos, pathos, and logos, which are the main three approaches when it comes to persuasive rhetoric. Malcolm X is known as one of the greatest leaders of the American Civil Rights Movement. On April 3, 1964, Malcolm X gave his speech called The Ballot or the Bullet in Cleveland, Ohio. The rhetorical speech is about the way the 'white man' treats African Americans in the United States, and to convince the people of America that needed to start standing up for themselves and how it is time to fight back. He made the point that African-Americans were treated as second class citizens that they were denied the constitutional rights that African- American deserved.
Human rights activists, Malcolm X in his speech, Ballot or Bullets, published in 1964 addresses the topic of equality and argues that people must be politically intelligent and stand up against segregation. He supports this claim by using anaphora, then by using ethos and finally by using imagery. Malcolm’s purpose is to persuade his audience into standing up against white manipulation. He adopts a frustrated tone for his audience, the readers of Ballot or Bullets and others interested in the topic of black nationalist. Malcolm X starts his speech by explaining that factors like religion, nationality, and politics should not affect who deserves equality.
Malcolm X: This man’s name is a shot at the beliefs of the typical white man of his own era. The "X" symbolizes "the rejection of slave-names' and the absence of an inherited African name to take its place." Likewise, in his speech "The Ballot or the Bullet", Malcolm X harshly criticizes the behavior of the white populace, having no intention to appeal to the ideals of the white community oppressing his people; his method of attack toward the issue of civil rights is in absolute defiance of the strategies used by other civil rights activists of his era, such as Martin Luther King, Jr. King, in his “Letter From A Birmingham Jail” attempts to protect the behavior of his organization while also trying to call upon the community of both the black
During 1964 President John F. Kennedy suggested that the whole nation should act upon treating all blacks equally he achieved this goal by passing a bill to end segregation. Before this bill was passed it was up for debate. As a Black Nationalist freedom fighter Malcolm X gave a powerful speech. Malcolm X led the Black Nationalism which was a political and social movement to help blacks acquire racial equality in the economy. Malcolm X the Ballot or The Bullet states that every single black faced the same problem being the only ones who can fix it.
He preached for complete segregation, which Malcolm X coined and popularized the term separation, and in attempts to form a black society. Joining the Nation of Islam gave him the means to preach to African Americans who believed they did not have any other choices in fighting discrimination. Malcolm X was considered a radical due to his methods with the NOI, since violence was not out of the question. This contradicts Martin Luther 's view of multiracial, nonviolent approach. Malcolm X, at the beginning of his ministering, called for racial independence with criticisms of mainstream civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr. who cooperated with the popular opinion of the time that was held by the majority of the population, that being white.
The first leader, Martin Luther King Jr., was a reverend from Atlanta, Georgia, who advocated peace and tolerance between all races. He led huge numbers of people in protests against injustice and inequality, but he always insisted that his protests be peaceful and representative of love between different groups of people. His way of thinking would lead to the advancement of civil rights ideals for decades to come following his assassination, which left the movement in shock. Another leader who had tremendous influence and cultural significance was Malcolm X. X took his name because he considered his original name, Malcolm Little, to be a slave name and therefore unrepresentative of who he was. This mentality of separation from traditionally white culture
Martin Luther King Jr’s approach to civil rights and equality was non-violent protesting, sit-ins, and getting as much people together as possible while not using violence. However, Malcolm X’s approach to this was almost the opposite. He was against the views of whites and he was willing to do whatever was needed to achieve
In the speech, On African Self-Hatred, Malcolm X says, “I have only said that black people who are the victims of organized violence perpetrated upon us by the Klan, the Citizens Council, and many other forms should defend ourselves,” (X 344). Malcolm X believes that African American’s need to defend themselves physically against the racial hatred and violence that is directed towards them. Malcolm gives another powerful statement in his speech, “But I think the black man this country, above and beyond people all over the world, will be more justified when he stands up and starts to protect himself, no matter how many necks he has to break and heads he has to crack…” (X 344). Malcolm’s ideal is that in order for African Americans to find a fair and safe foothold in the society of America, then they must defend themselves. Unlike Martin Luther King’s belief in nonviolent protest and civil disobedience, Malcolm X’s belief is protection at all costs.
This peaceful movement consisted of many famous marches, boycotts, and speeches. The most important element of this movement was the civil rights activists. These people were articulate, strong willed, and empowering leaders that inspired Americans both at the time all the way through today. One man in particular, Malcolm X managed to stand apart from such an impressive crowd. His brilliant public speaking skills lifted people all around the USA to action.