Rhetorical Analysis Of Metaphors

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INTRODUCTION As social being, human need to interact each other. Language is the principal means of human being to communicate with each other. It is used to express our reaction to certain situations, and to reveal our thoughts, ideas, emotions and feelings. Language also plays important roles to the development of human and technological civilization. Lyons (1981:3) writes, “A language is a system of arbitrary vocal symbol by means of which social group cooperates”. Communication can be built if there is an understanding between speaker and the hearer in other word, the source person and target person. The main aim is to indicate something or some relations or even some ideas, and it can be shown or called as its meaning. In this case,…show more content…
Descriptive qualitative methods will be used in analyzing the data. There are ten song lyrics selected from ten Dream Theatre’s released album as the sample of the analysis. To support this analysis, relevant theories from written sources, such as textbooks, thesis, dictionaries and web page are consulted. The information which is accumulated is about; its definition, type and usage as well as the principles of semantics as its foundation. First, the background of the metaphorical expressions are presented, next the metaphors will be investigated to determine what type they belong to and finally the constituents of the metaphors and their meanings are analyzed based on the theory of metaphor. Then the metaphors and their meanings in Dream Theatre’s selected lyrics are analyzed. The systematic procedures in conducting the analysis are as follows: Converting the selected lyrics to readable texts. Identifying the words and sentences which belong to metaphor by making them bold. Classifying the metaphors into the more specific categories, i.e. conceptual metaphor, mixed metaphor and poetic metaphor and all the data will be analyzed based on Crystal’s…show more content…
It is necessary to understand the process of communication to draw a borderline between literal and metaphorical language. When speakers would like to describe something about a reality or experience in the world, they start by means of cognitive process in their minds. The speakers proceed to form the proposition as concise and relevant as possible for conveying the idea. Proposition is the idea or notion about something which is going to convey. In order to communicate this proposition, they will encode it by using linguistic codes which are conventional to pair the meaning of the idea with physical forms (text, utterance). The hearers perceive the text or utterance, decode it and interpret the meaning by guessing what thought of the speakers it is most likely to convey. (Goatly,
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