People are often averse to the truth. Plato wrote “The Apology” in order illuminate the hostility towards real truth because he believed he had an obligation to reveal how easily thought could be manipulated. Plato documents Socrates’s final address to the jury before he is due for execution. Socrates had been accused of using such embellished language throughout his explanations that he had caused a severe confusion to the people and then an eventual embarrassment; thus, allowing the people to reject what Socrates had been trying to preach. This creates a dismissal of Socrates’ ideas throughout the people and generates an even greater divide of thought.
In The Apology by Plato, Socrates is being accused of three things; “he busies himself studying things in the sky and below the earth; he makes the worse into the stronger argument, and he teaches these same things to others” (19b). Socrates begins his defense immediately criticizing his accusers of being dishonest and speaking no truth in their case. He then begs for the jury’s forgiveness for not speaking the correct style of language, being unfamiliar with the type of dialogue used in a law court, since it is his first time at the age of seventy. He explains that this is not the first time accused, but that he has had to defend himself against lying accusations for years. He addresses that his reputation and wisdom all started because of
The question of whether or not Odysseus, the main character in Homer’s The Odyssey, is a good leader is very difficult to answer; however, it seems as though the bad things he did trumped the good things he did, resulting in him being classified as a weak leader. Countless times in this epic, Odysseus is very arrogant and cocky, which puts his men’s lives in danger more times than not. For example, when they entered the cave of Polyphemus the cyclops, the majority of his men wanted to leave so they wouldn’t get eaten. Odysseus, however, decides to test Polyphemus’ hospitality, ultimately resulting in 6 deaths. He made his decision knowing the danger he was putting his men in, which isn’t something a strong leader would do.
In the beginning of the story, Judge Danforth is a highly respected judge that was brought in to settle the craziness of salem, but throughout the story he seems to have to accuse others to keep his authority.On page 79 Judge Danforth says“ Do you take it upon yourself to determine what this court shall believe and what it shall set aside” and also has to accuse John Proctor of “undermining the court” when Proctor is trying to prove his friends innocent. This is Danforth getting defensive and feeling attacked by anyone who has a differing opinion than him.And rather than looking into Proctors friends who are uptight citizens, turns the doubt onto others. In the middle Proctor says the Danforth “A fire, a fire is burning! I hear the boot of Lucifer, I see his filthy face! And it is my face, and yours, Danforth!
12 Angry Men was an act to show how irresponsible people were back in the days. It showed the immaturity of the judges. The fact that they didn’t care about what happened with the client, made them seem like that wasn’t the right job for them. There was few judges who would follow their critique like juror 8 his job was to analyze and go deeper into the case and that’s what facinated me the most. The juror had arguments through out the act.
There was a moment in the Apology, where Socrates discussed how he was told by the God of Delphi that he was the wisest man. Socrates did not believe this to be true, so he went on a search for someone wiser. It was through this search that Socrates discovered the ignorance that came with “wise” men. He started by seeking out the wisest men he had heard of who were politicians. This led him to discover that men who are considered wise by others ,and by themselves, often
The question of whether Socrates was the only real philosopher comes from one interpretation of Plato’s writings, namely Apology. Written after Socrates was tainted with the sophistic brush, scorned by society and brought to trial. In this interpretation, it is believed that Plato derided all sophists and recognised Socrates as the only real philosopher among his contemporaries, and knew of no other who could be considered as such. I however, argue that Plato never regarded, nor defended, Socrates as the only real philosopher. Rather, he presented Socrates as one of the many ‘real’ philosophers.
Often times in Greek mythology, it is difficult to distinguish a God from a mortal. Therefore, the story of Euripides’ Bacchae is an example of how Dionysus tries to prove that he is a son of Zeus and a God. Throughout the story Dinoysus becomes feed up with other’s including King Pentheus’ disbelief causing him to create a deceitful plan to prove his true self. In Euripides’ Bacchae, I would have to sympathize with Pentheus. Pentheus ultimately suffered due to his own disbelief and unknowingness, which consequently lead to him getting deceived.
Also, he wouldn’t be able to look at the shadows and discuss about them with the other prisoners like before because he was now a way more knowledgeable man than the rest. If he told the other prisoners what he had seen outside the cave and what they had been believing was mere a phantom, the uneducated prisoners definitely wouldn’t believe him and would rather stay in the cave continually. This passage is an analogy of what is like to be a philosopher trying to educate the public. The alienation of the returned prisoner is what all truth tellers might expect. A gory example is that in real life Socrates was sentenced to death by the Greek government for disrupting the social order.
In his opinion, justice is defined as helping your friends and harming your rivals. Socrates say’s this cannot be true because most of the people in this world make mistakes in judging who the real friends are and who the enemies are. Thrasymachus’s impression of justice is that the stronger person decides what justice is. Thrasymachus definition of justice raises two questions which needed clarification. First question is what exactly
The forth crime that was charged was, disbelief ‘in the gods of the city.’ This charge is a result from the first charge of being ‘a natural philosopher.’ He indeed did not believe in any of the Olympian deities. He may have gotten out of this one if he praised any god and paid tribute to them, but he did not. Because he didn’t, he had committed treason. He “undercut the authority and legitimacy of a particular regime.”1 Socrates openly denied the gods, which meant he openly denied the legitimacy of the prestigious politicians of Greece.
What is perhaps most unconventional about this rhetoric style defense is that it is exactly that, a defense –not an apology. It does not mean an "apology" by our current, English understanding of the word. The name of the dialogue derives from the Greek "apologia," which translates to “defense”, or a speech made in defense. Plato’s The Apology accounts for Socrates’ defense at a trial which he is charged with not recognizing the Gods, therefore creating new deities and corrupting the minds of the youth in Athens.
The mention of the Darkness drew out the worst in him. “There has to be something we can do.” “There is no hope for human-kind!” Prometheus shouted as his face reddened. “I equipped them with light, yet they still allow the darkness in. ” “Is your heart of stone? How can you say that?” Atlas listened intently as his brothers bickered.