These are the traditions that were mentioned beforehand, that Catholic’s clung dearly to during the Counter Reformation. A few examples of these are the idea of purgatory, prayer to saints and priests in a hierarchy form. None of these conventions or beliefs are proven in the bible and Martin Luther therefore considered them a distraction from the centrality and importance of Christ. (Tarr 45) This is another reason why Lutheranism went to the bible for all answers. This brought about the practice of a decentralized leader for mass services.
In most cases, the Catholic Church was indeed incharge. Lutheranism wanted to be the new ones in charge since they believed the Catholics were wrong in their teachings. But, they refused to let go of their powers and dominance of all the citizens in the community. This caused the divisions with European Christians and Lutheranism and Calvinism/Anglicanism. Luther thought the Catholic Church and their popes were out of hand and should not control the people as much as they did.
Before Martin Luther got known as an important figure in the German country, mostly everyone believed that God was number one and God will be right all the time. However with the idea that Martin Luther came up, everyone started to follow the idea of Luther knowing that God isn’t number one. There is no need to go to the Catholic Church and if you want to speak to God, you will not have to go to the Priest and talk with him. He believed that you are able to communicate with God in person. In Source 1, it talks about how Martin Luther was thinking about the difference between “justice of God” and “the just shall live by faith”.
The most important cause was military reorganization. The least important of the four causes is war guilt. The Article 231 forced Germany to take full responsibility for the war, this angered the German people. However, Hitler restored a sense of pride, reawakened a sense of self respect, forcing the world to look at Germany anew. Article 231 was viewed as a horrible
In response to the Protestant Reformation, between the years of 1545-1563, the people of Trent constructed a council known as the Council of Trent. The main, intended purpose of the Council of Trent was to influence Protestants to return to the Catholic Church. The Catholics were determined to redefine the concepts of Catholicism in order to make them clearer than before, in hopes that this would make the Catholic Church more appealing. These actions created another movement that occurred during a similar time, known as the Counter Reformation. The Council of Trent was built in response to the Protestant Reformation; and because of this, it is known for being one of the most significant movements of the Counter Reformation.
Martin Luther believed that salvation wasn’t reached by the traditions that Church taught to follow but by “Faith alone,grace alone, Scripture alone” a saying that is used to summarize his ideal. What triggered his will to speak out about his new understanding was when Pope Leo X authorized the selling of indulgences, a document that if purchased will shorten the amount of time one spends in the purgatory. Other factors of anticlericalism were also important in the start of his protest against the Catholic Church, but the sale of indulgences that was even conducted in his hometown made it clear to him that Church does not care about the poor or the people in general but rather wants to advance its grip in power. For the above reasons, Luther believed that a change in the customs of the Catholic Church must take place. However English monarch Henry VIII had individual reasons for such an inspired fight for the separation from the church.
There are more than 2300 sermons are preserved. There is an uncertain about scope and content of his sermons. In the time of Luther, a few years after ordination, the candidate had given a special training for the preaching task. In Luther’s case, the commission to preaching was connected with his doctorate in the Holy Scriptures. He preached in the first years to the colleagues in the dining hall.
Paul explains this in detail in Ephesians 2:8-9 (NIV): “8 For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— 9 not by works, so that no one can boast.” The point that the Reformers were to emphasize was that salvation is by God’s grace alone because they disagreed with what the Roman Catholic Church believed, which was that man was saved by grace through good works. All the Reformers firmly believed that man was saved by God’s alone and that there was nothing man could do to earn or gain his salvation. As Martin Luther said, “He who does not receive salvation purely
Being very direct he describes, that telling a random stranger that God loves you is not biblical evangelism. Although, God loves them and the people should know that, they should also know the details. Paul provided a question for evangelist to ask instead, “Is the Holy Spirit so at work in your heart through the preaching of the gospel that a change has been wrought so that the sin you once loved you now hate and the sin you once desired to embrace?Do you want to go to heaven?” The idea to ask more direct questions rather than saying God loves you,say this prayer, now you will go to heaven is something that I can fully agree with. Paul put into perspective of how to talk to someone who is not a believer and provided
Through “The Ninety-Five Theses,” Luther specifies the flaws of these indulgences that had been issued by the Church. Within the first few arguments Luther mentions how the pope does not have any power to remit the guilt of a sinner directly but only through God and his representative, a priest. In Luther’s fifth argument he stated, “The pope has neither the will nor power to remit any penalties beyond those imposed either at his own discretion or by canon law.” Luther then follows up with his sixth argument, “the pope himself cannot remit guilt, but only declare and confirm that it has been remitted by God… expect for these cases, the guilt remains untouched,” followed by the seventh where he does mention how it is only through a priest that God can remit guilt upon the sinner. Luther accordingly proceeds to involve the penitential canons of Christianity to validate his thoughts of the power of indulgences to make known that dead equals dead, the church has no more power over the spirit, “death puts an end to all the claims of the church; even the dying are already dead to the canon laws, and are no longer bound by them.” The reality was these indulgences were to only make profit for the church and this was seen as the