He was Plato’s prize student, even though he disagreed with him on many points (Boeree, 2009). Aristotle did not agree with Plato’s idea of wanting to take transcend human selfishness. Aristotle believed that human selfishness is part of who we are as human beings. His idea in politics was to design a government or a society that acknowledges human selfishness and mitigates it. Aristotle was truly in disagreement with Plato’s idea of state.
Assignment 5 In the Politics, Aristotle describes three basic sorts of people, known as the beast, the citizen, and the god. Gods and beasts are both barbaric to Aristotle, because their ends are needs, not virtue. This is illustrated on page 109 when he says, “He who is without a polis, by reason of his own nature and not of some accident, is either a poor sort of being, or a being higher than man” (Aristotle, 1996, pg. 109.) This means that man is either a beast or a god if he chooses to be apart from the polis.
in the more advanced areas of Greece, economically and socially speaking” (“Greek Administration”, 1988). The polis was a way of the Greeks finding a way to organize themselves into a society, becoming more civilized. According to Greek Administration, “In its fundamental essence it was never conceived as an extent of territory, although its boundaries could be drawn on a map, but rather as a group of citizens feeling themselves bound together under the rule of law” (“Greek Administration, 1988). In terms that are more familiar to the way we teach history today in our society, the polis is what we would call a city-state, each individual polis being its own city-state, acting almost like a small country. According to Nardo, “Although all Greeks, the residents of the various poleis developed differing local governments and customs as well as different forms of currency” (Nardo, 2007).
Locke saw religion as main method of creating good and moral leaders and education as an auxiliary method. Aristotle did not consider all people equal; Locke and Aristotle had differing views on citizenship in their respective polity or commonwealth. He, Aristotle, argued that only certain people should participate in the political process. This contrary to Locke’s ideals that all people were created equal. Moreover, Aristotle did not consider all inhabitants of a state as citizens; he did not think women, aliens, or vulgar people, to name a few, should be granted the rights of citizens.
Political philosophy is defined as the study of fundamental questions that arise when people think about the state, government, politics, liberty, and justice. The founder of western philosophy, Socrates explores the ideas of government, ethics and liberty. The classical Greek philosopher focused on the individual and the connection between the freedom and t individuality. His exploration and questions challenged other to do the same in many other aspects of life. Socrates defiance of the structure and order of Athens at the time inspired other Philosophers to create ideas about government and authority such as Niccolò Machiavelli and Thomas Hobbes.
Aristo lived in 4th century BC in today’s Greece, developed ideas on several subjects from logic and metaphysics to empirical biology. Confucius, on the other hand, had lived in today’s China in 6th century BC, and was a political thinker and educator whose work mostly focused on the ideal social order and ethics. These two distinct philosophers both left extensive ideas on how political and social order should be. This paper will compare and contrast these two influential thinkers in terms of their ideas on individual ethics and social order. The thinkers’ works on various subjects will not be included to this analysis due to the length limitations and the need to focus on the themes that are studies by both of them.
THE TEMPEST: POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY ON SHAKESPEARE’S LAST PLAY Political Philosophy is a wide branch of philosophy that focuses statements and arguments involving political opinion. It is all about state, politics itself, liberty, justice and the idea of authority. It tackles the meaning of government, what makes a government just, the freedom of its underman, duties of the citizens and other political stuff. This type of philosophy is being practiced since it was discovered and has two reasons. First is the method and approach the philosopher and second is the philosopher 's agenda that made him came up with the methods he used.
Aristotle says that in order to be a proper student of ethics, the student must already have substantial life experience and instruction in virtue. A student that is not properly informed in ethics will not profit from the subject of virtue because this person is more inclined to listen to their own passions than to actually reason. (NE, Ch.1) Branching off of that, Aristotle believes that to be a leader, one should have the highest moral virtues achievable. They must have virtue in perfection. He also says that humans practice virtues because embracing them are what it means to be happy.
Politics is the practice and theory of influencing other people on a global level. It is also the study or practice of the distribution of power and resources within a given community as well as the interrelationship between communities. Aristotle described politics as a practical science, since it is concerned with the noble action or happiness of the citizens. Politics affects our everyday lives as governments implement policies that have social and economic impacts on us such as wages, taxes and health care. We all have a part to play in society such as adhering to laws in order to live peacefully among each other.