Abstract The present study is intended to illustrate the analogous concepts in two great American literary works, The Scarlet Letter a novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and "A Rose for Emily" a short story by William Faulkner with the help of deconstruction. Deconstruction is Jacque Derrida’s inventive strategy, which aims to subvert the traditional ideas and methodologies related to language and textual interpretations and put into question the entire history of Western metaphysics from Plato to the present time such as believing in “logocenterism” and “binary oppositions”. The fundamental concern of this study is to practice the elements of deconstruction in similar concepts of these literary works. In The Scarlet Letter, the letter A is the
The research finds out that how the identity of a subaltern is created and how a subaltern constructs his/her language to oppose the dominant discourse. In the present research work the researcher studies the subalterns as speaking subjects by putting them at the centre as the dominant discourse has given birth to the discourse of resistance and opposition. The research is based on the select novels of Ngugi Wa Thiong’o from Kenya and Buchi Emecheta from Nigeria. The researcher juxtaposes Ngugi Wa Thiong’o and Buchi Emecheta as it gives a good opportunity to compare the works of a male and a female writer. It also provides a broad area to see how they resist against dominant group.
J.M. Coetzee, Waiting for the Barbarians: Affirming alterities through the resolution of key conflicts and representation of power. This essay offers an analysis of the concept of alterity or otherness through the representation of power and the resolution of key conflicts in J.M. Coetzee’s novel Waiting for the Barbarians. The essay first explores the representation of power in the novel as it relates to certain binaries such as ‘self’ and ‘other’; ‘just and ‘unjust’; and ‘powerful’ and ‘vulnerable’.
Locke, Rousseau, and Machiavelli- used syntax and interpretation that varied, which served to characterize their stances on human nature. These contrasting ideals of human nature, can be supported or dismissed by Charles Murray 's interpretation of the New Upper Class and the New Lower Class in America. Murray’s novel Coming Apart, redefines the American social classes and establishes the New Upper Class and the New Lower Class. In analyzing the evolutionary shift in the demographics of social classes in the United States- he addresses not only the shift in american ideals but also the impact caused by it. Topics like equality, liberty, and law of nature are analyzed by both Locke and Rousseau.
Clearly, both of these theories have their allure but at the same time neither is clear of problems. The aim of this paper is to explore and analyse the logic behind these two theories and to decide which should be given the acclaim of superiority and adequacy for modern science. John Locke, George Berkeley and David Hume were British empiricists from the seventeenth and eighteenth century who brought the reign of empiricism to
A comparative study of intertextual perspectives and contextual concerns in Fritz Lang’s film Metropolis and George Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-Four enhances a responder’s appreciation of the power of literature to stimulate a sustained contemplation of transcendent values. Lang’s noncommittal and artistic portrayal of the dialectic between capitalist oppression and the proletariat revolution captures his deeply ambivalent attitude towards modernity and the social fragmentation of Weimar Germany. Additionally, Orwell espouses a need for equality and freedom through the lens of 1930s totalitarianism, providing a cautionary critique of the elite’s accumulation of arbitrary power and the complete subjugation of freedom. Hence, a comparative study heightens a responder’s understanding of how context influences composers and the enduring value of humanity and autonomy. The comparative study of enduring concepts potrayed within two texts of differing compositional milieus, allow for an enhanced understanding of how contempary social paradigms are internalised in the representation of these values.
Most great literary works of the Enlightenment period were influenced by the intellectual exploration of reason at the time. This was certainly the case with Jonathon Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels and Voltaire’s Candide. Both works explored the concept of reason in detail, questioning its capabilities and its limits. Swift and Voltaire were both engaged in the intellectual discussions of the Enlightenment and the influence of writers such as Pierre Bayle, John Locke, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and David Hume is extremely relevant to the study of their work. This paper will focus on the limitations of human reason as presented in GT and Candide, with focus given to the influence of man’s passions and emotions, as well as the conflict between reason and faith, drawing on the philosophy of the time as a guide.
Q. Other than the fact that Gulliver’s Travels is a satire and a fantasy novel, what else does it represents? Gulliver’s Travels is an indictment on political systems, follies of human learning, scientists, philosophers and the nature of English people in general. Swift satirizes various aspects of English society by fanaticizing Gulliver’s visit to the land of Lilliput, Brobdingnag, Laputa and Houyhnhnms. Swift compares the way of humanity in England with several other ways of living.
The responses that the audience apprehends, alters through the exploration of intertextual perspectives. These perspectives are shaped around the composer’s attitudes in respect to context. Likewise, the political treatise The Prince(1513) written by Nicolló Machiavelli, during the sixteenth century Italian renaissance and the tragic play Julius Caesar(1599) composed during the late 16th century Elizabethan era by William Shakespeare, highlight similar contextual values of Statecraft and the Corruption linked through the role of morality to appreciate the acquisition and abuse of authority. However, both texts evoke juxtaposing responses for the audience due to their difference in context. Examining the role of morality in “Julius Caesar”,
The patriarchal and imperialist undercurrents of travel writing—analyzed by critics like Mary Louise Pratt, Sara Mills, David Spurr, Tim Youngs, and, most recently, Inderpal Grewal— suggest that an unsuspecting view of travel writing as a mode to celebrate human freedom needs to be allied to the modern realities of class, race, and gender privilege (Holland 1943: 3). In his recent study of modern British travel writing, Mark Cocker