Through the 1790's and prior, The United States developed a systematic racism through slavery. Benjamin Banneker, an educated man, son of a freed slave, drafted a letter to Thomas Jefferson, writer of the Declaration of Independence. Banneker composed this letter to prompt Jefferson to take a strong stance against slavery so that slavery may eventually end. His letter courteously questions Jefferson's validity of the statement “all men are created equal” within the Declaration of Independence by calling to question the institution of slavery. Banneker uses repetition to reinforce a formal and respectful tone, utilizes strong and emotional diction, and concludes with a biblical allusion.
Douglass gave a speech called, “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?.”. Douglass delivered this speech on July 5th, 1852 about how the Fourth of July makes African- Americans feel. Douglass uses rhetorical questions to get the audience to reflect, and get them to start thinking about the Fourth of July. Throughout the speech Douglass refers to the country as “yours”, he never says “ours” or “we”, this creates a distinction between himself and the audience. Douglass does not feel like he can call the country as his own.
The abolitionist John Brown had a very important role in the freedom of slaves and the beginning of the Civil War. One of his many famous quotes, from David S. Reynold's John Brown: Abolitionist, stated his belief: "Whoso stoppeth his ear at the cry of the poor, he shall cry himself, but shall not be heard." (page 50) Also, our 16th President, Abraham Lincoln, was one of the main reasons slavery was abolished. The history of slavery includes the treatment and conditions of slaves, the purpose of slavery, and the outcome of slavery.
To begin with, ethos and pathos is used in King’s speech to appeal to the audience. Especially the audience who are unaware of the issue that is mainly discussed in the speech. “Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation” (King 2). Quoting Abraham Lincoln on “five score years ago”, King explains that Emancipation Proclamation haven’t changed anything ever since Lincoln signed it. Emancipation Proclamation declares that “all persons held as slaves are, and henceforward shall be free.”
On the 4th of July, independence day, Douglass gave a speech still remembered to this day. His famous, "What to the Slave is 4th of July?" lecture address slavery and why it is contradicting America’s roots and beliefs; equality, freedom, and democracy. This shows Douglass’ views on humanity, all blacks are human and should be treated equal.
The writer of the speech is the contemporary southernmost states vice president, Alexander Stephens. He was a lawyer and politician from Georgia. The topic of the speech is slavery and its advantages and natural distribution. Mainly he speaks to the Southern States of America, because the South at that time was the centre of slaves. But on the other hand it can be discussed whether he is talking to the entire country, because he trying to justify his actions and stances, as well as he also wants to enhance the advantages and natural intention of separation and hierarchy.
Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome, vacant esteem; ever-present anger and racial socialization are all very important to making America a fair and equal country. Post traumatic slave syndrome is the everlasting effect that slavery has had on African Americans for example how African Americans perceive other darker and “bad hair” African Americans less than fair skinned and “good hair” African American. This was practiced by the slave owners and would give more power and privileges to the fair skinned good hair slaves. This is just one example of PTSS and its effect on African Americans today.
An excerpt from one of Frederick Douglass 's many speeches shows what the fourth of July means to slaves (Document 4). Douglass expressed that the fourth of July was a grim time for African- Americans. He said, “...your shout of liberty and equality, hollow mockery... ”(Document 4). This allegorized that the African-Americans didn’t feel free and abolitionist in the North, like Douglass were upset about it, especially free African-Americans.
People such as Frederick Douglass gave speeches on the issue of slavery. Douglass was a slave himself and from being a slave he told stories about slavery and why it was bad. Douglass speech "What to an American slave is your 4th of July? I answer a day that reveals to him gross injustice and cruelty. To him your celebration is a sham your sounds of rejoicing are empty and heartless" (Document G).
For instance, the anti-black advocates at St. Landry Parish in Louisiana established rules for their congregation through the means of black codes that restricted the rights and livelihoods of African Americans (Doc 2). Previous to the creation of black codes, slave codes were established, while after Jim Crow Laws were created; all served the purpose to discriminate against the African American race and regenerate white superiority. There was a slave code, black code, and a Jim Crow Law that prohibited intermarriage between whites and blacks; proving to be one of many similar restrictions between the three sets of rules. This shows how there was a social continuity in the lives of African Americans in the South in that they continued to experience restrictive discrimination against their race. Furthermore, social, racial discrimination continued through physical violence.
Andrew Costly discusses the Southern “Black Codes” of 1865-1866 that came after the Civil War ended slavery in America. Costly discusses how Congress created the Freedman’s Bureau that tried to help to make sure former slaves were being treated and paid well by their employers. Costly also discusses the South Carolina Black Code and how it only applied to “persons of color”; the codes included labor contracts, civil rights, vagrancy, and other restrictions. Andrew Costly tells about the how the northern protesting the Black Codes because they felt as if
The Reconstruction of many Southern states from the year 1865 to 1877 is a failure, although reconstruction plans are set up, African Americans still face the same poor treatment they are given prior to the Civil War. The president at the time, Abraham Lincoln, puts in place a reconstruction plan to help rebuild the South in a way it has never been before, without slaves. Lincoln also puts the thirteenth amendment in place, which abolishes slavery. However, after Lincoln’s death, his Vice President, Andrew Johnson takes over and overrules his reconstruction plan, and puts in place his own, which favors the former Confederate states. Johnson fights with congress over the passing of the fourteenth amendemnet, but Congress overrules his vetoes,
In 1866, the civil rights Act of 1866, helps the former slaves and secure the citizenship rights for the former slaves. Moreover, the Grand Armey of the Republic for the Union veteran is formed and it accepts the blacks as their members. In 1867, Congress passed Reconstruction Act over Johson 's Vetos and Also passed the Tenure of Office Act in which the Senate approval has required the dismissal
In the speech, he states that when the occasion arrives, he will use his presidential power, to the fullest. The speech responded to any doubt or worry Americans had. Choosing a president was still a relatively new concept, during that time. He essentially makes a promise to the people, in which they can rely on him to be a leader and representative
They all show different way on how they feel why slavery is wrong for example The Meaning of Fourth of July for the Negro Fredrick Douglas states that “also the documents have a different historical impact each document explains the concern of slavery but they have a bigger idea to it. In the speech about “The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro” the impact that it has is it gets people aware of the problem of having the fourth of July and being free when there still slavery Fredrick say in his speech that” what, to the American slave, is your fourth of July? I answer: a day that reveals to him, more than all other days in the year, the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is the constant victim.” But in the slave song Swing Low, Sweet Chariot had a different impact it had on the abolishment of slavery the songs did not have a direct effect on the abolishment of slavery but a message to the north to help runaway slave get to the north and freedom.