The Crucible is a play written by Arthur Miller and published in 1953. The play is about the Salem witch trials that happened in 1692. In these trials, people were hanged because the townspeople didn’t want the devil in their town. The people that lived in Salem were very religious so they believed that hangings would get rid of the devil, who was possessing and controlling certain townspeople. The Crucible starts out with a scene where a young girl is sick with a mysterious sickness.
Power, the ability to maintain control, command, or authority over others can often be determined by one’s reputation and their ability to persuade others. This principle is displayed within The Crucible, a play written by Arthur Miller, which follows the town of Salem, Massachusetts navigating through a “Witchcraft” outbreak supposedly lead by the Devil. Within such a theocratic society such as Salem, the Devil is often associated with death, fear, and uncertainty, with his name alone often believed to influence others into following through with certain actions. The Devil, as a key figure behind the “witchcraft” occurring in Salem, is crafted by Miller as the most influential “character” based off the fear derived from his infamous reputation and his ability to control characters’ actions. Within a society with very strong puritan ideals, the Devil is renowned for his cruel reputation.
Criticisms on The Crucible The drama The Crucible by Arthur Miller tells a story of lies and deceptions. It does a semi-comedic recap of the Salem Witch Trials that happened during colonial times. One critic, John Gassner, states that Miller is “the most ‘constructive’ of recent American playwrights, but has struggled manfully to create a theatre of positive values.” Gassner uses The Crucible to point out these struggles stating that it is a “heroic example” (Gassner). Another critic, Philip Hope-Wallace, claims that The Crucible was very highly esteemed in New York and America, but everywhere else in the world it was not. He claimed it to be “melodramatically ‘moving.’” and compared it the Shaw’s work about witch hunts, claiming that the scenes from Shaw’s work were “so human, wise and balanced that it cleave[d] the heart” (Hope-Wallace).
What he doesn 't know, is that by cheating with Abigail, he partly started the Salem witch madness; John makes Abigail very envious of his wife, and thus, she begins accusing others of dark sorcery and witchcraft. John, at first, is very reluctant to tell everyone the truth about why Abigail and other young girls are accusing his wife and other older women of being witches because he fears it will ruin his good name and reputation. However, after he realizes that the situation has truly gone out of control, he tries to confess his wrongdoing, but is only imprisoned and accused of witchcraft as well.
Power, the ability to maintain control, command, or authority over others can often be determined by one’s reputation and his or her persuasiveness. This principle is displayed within The Crucible, a play written by Arthur Miller, in which follows the town of Salem, Massachusetts attempting to navigate through a “Witchcraft” outbreak supposedly lead by the Devil. Within such a theocratic society such as Salem, the Devil is often associated with death, fear, and uncertainty. While his name alone is often believed to be able to influence others in to following through in certain actions. The Devil, as a key figure behind the immense “witchcraft” occurring in Salem, is crafted by Miller as the most influential “character” due to his infamous reputation and his ability to control characters’ actions.
Bearing in mind the facts about her distressing childhood life, her love for John and terror for her life it is possible to deduce that it was the fault of Abigail for the tragedy to occur in the town of the Salem. Her deceitfulness almost makes her impractical because she practices witchcraft in order to win back her lover, Proctor, she laid false evidence of witchcraft in Elizabeth’s home with a hope to direct her to the scaffolds and she persuades young women to dance in the woods which was an illegal act. The writer progresses from sightseeing the unconscious to exploring the unconditioned and raw responses that go deeper than basic desires and ambitions, particularly when challenged with ones’ mortality. A deduction can also be made that the more Abigail Williams learnt how to use her interim capabilities to upset the townspeople, the more she appreciated the power she had. Abigail Williams collects the information necessary to style the position of supremacy for herself.
One could easily say Abigail was the one to blame for the hysteria in Salem during the witchcraft trials, but there is someone who was as much to blame as her. Tituba is to blame for the Salem witchcraft. “To Tituba! What may Tituba-? Tituba knows how to speak to the dead, Mr. Parris” (page 1095).
The Salem Witch Trials, as portrayed by The Crucible, were a terrifying and confusing time. It’s hard to say who caused this whole debacle, but it was most likely Abigail Williams. Because of her lies about her involvement with the girls in the forest, or her blatant manipulation of others to pull blame off of herself and onto other. Because of this, and her treachery, the Salem Witch Trials spiralled into the chaos that it is known for today. Without her, the Salem Witch Trials may have been less horrifying than it is known for today, and the town better off.
Elements of supernatural, hallucinations brought on by guilt-driven madness, and statements the characters say portrays the theme of appearance versus reality. The witches in the beginning of the play set the scene of confusion and illusion. They successfully manage to mislead, cheat and incite evil throughout Scotland by deliberately ambiguous and misleading words.Even their physical appearance is contradictory, and unsettling. When Macbeth meets the witches, they greet him with three title the last states, “All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter!” (1.3.51). When Macbeth hears this he doesn 't seem very happy.
It has been argued by many literary critics that the ghost is a figment of Hamlet`s imagination. In an essay by Brett E Murphy, it is suggested that as Barnardo, Marcellus and Horatio are the first to witness the ghost, this indicates that the apparition is real because “three level headed characters view it first” (57.) However, the characters hesitate about the reality of the ghost as Marcellus insists that they “question it” (Hamlet,1.1) whilst Barnardo seems to believe that the ghost is not “something more than fantasy” (Hamlet,1.1). Several other events over the course of the play indicate Hamlet`s fragile state of mind as flaws arise in the plot suggesting that the ghost could only be present in his thoughts. For example, the prince`s cruel and irrational behaviour towards his love interest Ophelia which leads to her suicide indicates that he was possibly not in the right frame of mind.
Dying for a cause, it’s happened many times throughout history. It’s how the world has progressed through many wars, rebellions, and social movements. Reverand Hale in The Crucible by Arthur Miller says “no principle, however glorious” is worth dying for, which was said during the period of the witch trials. This was a logical statement in that particular situation, where it was a basis of false accusations and pride. However, in modern times this statement applied to the situation of the present-day can be refuted and rejected.
In the old town of Salem, Massachusetts, there lived a very religious and superstitious people. Everyone had to be Christian, and if something went amiss, everything would get out of control. When Abigail Williams and her friends were found dancing around a fire in the black of night in the forest, people began to wonder what could have possibly been the cause and purpose of such wicked ways. The easy, first conclusion was that witchery and the devil were involved. They believed that the Devil had to have caused them to do such evil things, and they wanted to find the source of it.