The Apology written by Plato is about the speech of Socrates at the trial in which he is accused and chargef for “corrupting the young” and “not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonian that are novel.” The meaning of the Apology gets from the Greek "apologia," which interprets as to defend, or a speech made to defend oneself.
The Martyrdom of St. Perpetua and Felicity, which is a story about Perpetua’s trial due to her beliefs in Christianity, was written in the year 203 by three different authors, Perpetua, Satururs, and an unknown narrator. Perpetua wrote her part of the story while she was in prison, perhaps to give others the strength to stand up for what they believe in. Perpetua lived in Carthage under the Roman Empire, where the paterfamilias meant everything. The paterfamilias is the father of the household; they have the ability to take away the life of their children which means they have complete control over them. However, in The Martyrdom of St. Perpetua and Felicity, Perpetua disobeys her father.
Introduction The Apology was written by Plato, and relates Socrates’ defense at his trial on charges of corrupting the youth and impiety. Socrates argues that he is innocent of both charges. Plato reports the contents of three speeches delivered by Socrates in his own protection in court which has been arranged over him by the Athenian democrats and has terminated in the death sentence to the great philosopher. The word "apology" in a literal translation means "justification". Plato's purpose when writing "Apology" was to acquit posthumously Socrates from false accusation.
In an era, which human civilization maintained no disposition of records, and had to consider the words that spout off from inhabitants of their local community as the honesty of the purest form. The cultivation of rhetoric has led individuals to succeed in finessing through the political ranks, and order sustained in the final periods of the Before Common Era. Rhetoric is an inducement that focuses purely on belief and not reality and truthfulness, and known as the “authentic art of persuasiveness” to the sophists (Gorgias and his underlings), while dialectic is distinguished as the identical to philosophers such as Plato and Socrates. In Plato’s dialogue, Gorgias, Socrates seeks to unearth the true meaning behind rhetoric by engaging in discourse with Gorgias to analyze his views, more so into exposing the inexperience within his pretentious convictions, and immoral justifications that may occur upon the teaching of rhetoric within society. Socrates uses short interrogations on Gorgias to prove his
For this week's journal entry, I would like to bring up the idea of "wisdom" in reference to Plato's Apology. Personally, I find that the way in which Socrates defends is wisdom is admirable, and although it leads to the verdict of him being killed, I think that this decision and the reaction by Socrates helps define wisdom. Socrates, in essence, says that he does not fear death because he is wise. No one knows what death is -- perhaps it may be the best thing a person gets to experience. However, a person that is unwise would approach death into thinking that it is the worst thing that can happen in life.
PLATO -------- *draws a conclusion of sciences, arts, nats? subdivision of flattery, not interested in the truth, perhaps not know what it is, continues an attack on the sophists, there could be an art philosophic rhetoric towards the truth. ------------------------------------------- Griswold, Charles L., "Plato on Rhetoric and Poetry", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2014 Edition),
In analyzing great Philosophical literature, few works are as famous as Plato's Apology and Allegory of the Cave. Although lesser known to the uninitiated to the world of Philosophy, but certainly no less famous or important, is Voltaire's Good Brahman. At first glance, each of these works appears quite different and only have the commonality of being older Philosophy texts. However, upon closer examination we find that they have more in common, despite their less obvious differences. In the following paragraphs, we will seek to explain each work individually and then compare and contrast both Philosopher's works.
The Gorgias dialogue begins with Socrates asking if a discussion with Gorgias would be possible. Socrates makes it clear from the beginning of the dialogue that he would prefer no long display speeches to be made if Gorgias is going to participate in discussion, but asks specifically for only short answers to be given to the questions he asks. James Nichols, translator of the two dialogues argues in his Gorgias essay that “the brevity of the answers about what rhetoric is causes the first definitions to be too broad or universal or inclusive; the definition is narrowed down through Socrates' questioning and, in that sense, under his guidance.” Using this method allows Socrates to arrive at the conclusions necessary to convince Gorgias of what rhetoric is and to understand what he is
If we fail to acknowledge our hubris at the highest level, all of our society will suffer. We have given up our ability to evaluate life in favor of something far easier. For example, we choose to elect government officials who then act as tokens of our own values. This is the case in all republics be it Ancient Greece or the United States. By doing this we secure our fate and deny life itself. We deny the progression of humanity by denying a condition that makes us human. Which is the ability to evaluate and question life through our own eyes. An ability that Socrates argued for which ultimately led to his death. In this paper, I will highlight the importance of “The Apology” and how it contributed to its field as well as why it is still relevant today.
Thank You for Arguing: What Aristotle, Lincoln, and Homer Simpson Can Teach Us about Persuasion by Jay Heinrichs portray the basics of rhetoric in a modest and clear way. The author initiates the first chapter of his book with a short and simple summary of where rhetoric originated so that the audience can picture the time frame. He points out that it all started back in prehistoric Greece, describes its effect on Roman storytellers, and discusses the importance of rhetoric associated to William Shakespeare. Henrichs explains his views of taking rhetoric to a new level and bringing it back for all the new writers and readers of the upcoming generation, due to it being a low perspective in society. He chose to have his first chapter, “Open
We are set in a small, hole in the wall bar in classical Athens fittingly named “doxa”. Favored by philosophers and sophists alike as a forum for discussion and debate, it is not uncommon for famous figures like Isocrates or Aristotle to run into one another. Tonight it happens that Aristotle runs into his mentor and colleague Plato and the two of them start discussing the controversial topic of rhetoric , when Gorgias - a few drinks deep and never shy of an argument - decides to walk over and weigh in on the matter. . .
Death is one of the most discussed topic that has always risen a lot of doubt and concerns . Many philosophers and writers, through the centuries, have tried to find a definition or a reason for this mysterious and inevitable event. Analyzing Plato’s Apology, he seemed to have a positive view about death. He claimed that death is a “state of nothingness and utter unconsciousness”; in fact he compared death with the act of sleeping. But since death is more deep and irreversible, humans cannot be bothering by dreams or thought while they’re died as could happen while they’re sleeping. So death is a state of relax for the soul and for this reason he considered death as a victory for human’s life. He also pointed out another reason for which death
This character made a violent decision against his true nature to approve the execution of Yeshua, the man in whose innocence he had no doubt. The result of this choice was a permanent conflict inside Pontius Pilate caused by remorse. One can compare “The White Heron” to The Master and Margarita. And one can connect Sylvie to Pontius and the white heron to Yeshua. However, in the first story Sylvia appeared as a person who remained faithful to her choice, whereas in the second story Pontius betrayed his
In Plato’s Phaedo, Socrates is preparing for his death following his trial in Plato’s Apology. He engages in an discussion with Simmias and Cebes about why death should be important to all philosophers. When he begins this discussion, Socrates compares the relationship between the soul and body to a person being imprisoned. He builds upon this analogy as he identifies the soul and body as two separate entities. The soul being divine, immortal, and pure, while the body is compository, susceptible to death, and impure. His interlocutors take issue with the assumption that the soul continues to exist after death, but I will not. Upon making these distinctions, Socrates explains that the pursuit of knowledge, or wisdom, should be the life goal