The bacteria, Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, is gram- negative. This means it is does not have a violet stain. It is also considered a bacillus bacteria. Pseudomonas aeruginosa can be strictly found in aerosols, this means it is compressed in pressure and released into a fine spray. Research has been made and found that this bacterium harms a lot of plants, animals, but mainly humans in such case.
Aerobic organisms particularly Clostridium perfringes and other species of bacteriodes and aerobic cocci may also present (Klein et al. 1995). Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes a wide variety of septic infections in man and other vertebrates (Hare and Wilits, 1962). Among species much less commonly encountered in wound infections are Pasteurella multicida in animal bites, Corynebacterium diphtheria and Bacillus anthracis in malignant pustules of skin. In chronic infection that are slow to heal and in pus showing no
SUMMARY A 64 year old male who presented with bleeding per rectum and altered bowel habits of 6 month duration was found to have numerous polyps in the colon with colonoscopy. He also had two osteomas on the forehead and several epidermal cysts in the scrotal skin. His brother had a history suggestive of a similar disease. The patient underwent total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch – anal anastomosis. Pathological examination of the resected specimen revealed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma in addition to numerous polyps which were villous, tubulo-villous and tubular adenomata with low grade dysplasia.
INTRODUCTION Fournier’s gangrene is a rare, rapidly progressive, fulminant form of necrotizing fascitis of the genital, perianal and perineal regions.1 It is characterised by progressive spread of necrosis in the skin and subcutaneous tissue combined with severe systemic infections.2 It is a polymicrobial infection and is caused by both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria which further leads to thrombosis of subcuatneous and subcutaneous blood vessels, resulting in severe gangrene.3 Any trauma or infection in the perineal region or urinary tract forms the initial focus of disease.4 In general, the infection occurs in immunocompromised patients such as diabetic, HIV seropositive, alcoholic and elderly individuals. Patients who are undernourished and from low socioeconomic strata are
ABSTRACT A 93-year-old man with chronic hydrocele. A hydrocelectomy was performed and the intraoperative findings revealed several nodules in the tunica vaginalis. The pathological diagnosis was malignant mesothelioma. A second procedure was performed to do a radical inguinal orchiectomy with hemiscrotectomy. The patient denied any history of exposure to asbestos.
Due to these reasons, much importance is given to chemical cleaning and disinfection of canals as opposed to thorough mechanical shaping of the canals. The pathway of progression of the infection and the ecology of infecting microorganisms are different in the deciduous dentition as compared to the permanent dentition.5 Hence, for complete elimination of infection irrigation is an important step for the success of pulpectomy.3 Studies have demonstrated that despite the use of antimicrobial agents, microorganisms such as Enterococcus faecalis, Prevotella intermedia and Porphyromonas gingivalis persists in the root canal of the primary teeth. Therefore, an ideal irrigating solution should provide mechanical flushing, be bactericidal, and dissolve the remnants of the organic tissue without damaging the periodontium. It must be biocompatible and nontoxic both locally and
Candida albicans and parasites (Ascaris lumbricoides, Ancylostoma duodenale) are the main causative agent of Phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis. Allergic disorders are not contagious and hence this type of conjunctivitis is usually not transmitted by contact. The most common allergens that cause conjunctivitis are: • Pollen from trees, grass and ragweed • Animal skin and secretions such as
SUMMARYBackground: Ocular trauma is a leading cause of monocular blindness worldwide. Indeveloping countries, eye injuries are not only more common but also more severe in theireffect and this may be attributed to socioeconomic background, inadequate safety measures,lack of optimum treatment facilities, use of traditional eye medication and poor education. Objective: To determine the pattern of eye injuries and their visual outcome in TeachingHospitals in Enugu State.Methods: This prospective cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the eye clinicsand emergency units of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/ Ozalla and theEnugu State University of Science and Technology Teaching Hospital, Park Lane
The scientists found that lugdunin has potent antimicrobial effects against a wide range of bacteria, including antibiotic-resistant strains such as MRSA and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus bacteria. The German researchers said lugdunin is not prone to cause S. aureus to develop resistance as they are not exactly sure how it works and its clinical development. It’s possible that lugdunin destroys the target of bacteria’s cell membranes, but that could also make it harder to develop as a drug for injection as of its potential for disrupting animal membranes.