Like in any countries in the world, rice production also plays important roles in the Philippines. Rice accounts for at least 20 to 30 percent calorie intake of Filipinos; 32% of the country’s population are employed in rice production (FAO, 2013). It contributes 13 percent to the Consumer Price Index (CPI), 16 percent are given to the Gross Value Added (GVA) of agricultural sector, and 3.5 percent is contributed to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country (Gonzales, 1999). Thus, rice is not a food staple alone but also an economic commodity. To be able to produce rice, water is considered to be the most critical resource due to its significant use in irrigation.
Similarly, rice production also takes part in the growth of Vietnamese economy. About nine million families, and another million of the poor rely on rice farming because rice is the staple food of Vietnamese, and they can trade rice for profit (Thang & Linh, 2013). Vietnam is also known as one of rice leading exporters around the globe and has productivity agricultural lands, which are useful for cultivation.
As a durable crop that can be relied on to bring good harvest year in and year out, rice is grown in some 3.2 million hectares of land, providing livelihood to more than two million households engaged in rice-based farming, along with millions of farm laborers, and tens of thousands of merchants and traders. Rice, as a food staple, is an economic commodity. It is both a major expenditure item and a source of income for many households. As food is our most basic
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1.INTRODUCTION Paddy planting symbolizing agriculture itself since centuries remains the main agriculture of Malays today. Rice farming in Malaysia is just beginning in the 17th century, approximately at the same time it introduced in North America. But the history of the development have long been there any placed in the world. Paddy not only for the purpose of the main source of food, in fact it gives ideas and creativity to the community especially in Malay culture. As we have seen today, rice not only can eat, sticks of paddy left after harvest can be made baskets, hats, internal furniture and mattress materials know as ‘jerami’.
The two subspecies of Oryza sativa are Indica and japonica comprised most varieties of rice and based on morphological and physiological traits, many of rice varieties can be placed in these two rice races (Oka, 2012). Rice (Oryza sativa) is a very important staple food for
In China, glutinous rice has been grown for at least two thousand years. Glutinous rice is grown in Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Bangladesh, Northeast India, China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and the Philippines. An estimated eighty five percent of Lao rice production is of this type. The rice has been recorded in the region for at least a thousand years. The improved rice varieties was adapted throughout Asia during the Green Revolution was non-glutinous, and Lao farmers rejected them in favor of their traditional sticky variety.
Cassava roots are processed by various methods into numerous products. Maundu et al. (2009) reported that cassava leaves are the most important vegetable in the Congo Basin, and are used to a lesser degree in several other areas. Pumpkins (Cucurbita pepo, C. maxima and C. moschata) provide fruit and leaves, both of which are heavily utilized. Leaves are sold throughout Africa in their fresh or dried form.
The main agricultural enterprise is known to be the crop cultivation. The Philippines is known for producing a variety of crops such as rice, coconuts, corn, sugarcane, bananas, pineapples, and mangoes. Considering that the agriculture industry is very prevalent in the Philippines, there are many known areas in the country that produce a variety of crops and plants. Plenty of these crops and plants are healthy and serve as the main source of food here in the country. Most of these crops are grown using fertilizers, a product used in farming that aids in growing and nurturing plants.
Firstly is because of the reason of the Philippines is one of the Asian countries where rice is the dominant staple of food and is a member of a “long-term members club for rice importers”. The fact that countries remain in one club or the other for long periods of time suggest that some force is at work. That deep force is endowments of land and water. (Dawe 2009) Secondly the Philippines is one of the country that encounters big numbers of typhoons, making the country’s rice production to be difficult and stiff. The Philippines is one of the countries who has a limited amount of land on it and a large area of water surrounding it, making it also limited to the country to produce rice since there are only few left areas that are used to produce rice since the large number of areas has already converted to be constructed such as buildings and many more construction.