This Indian school of thought emerged as a reaction against the Vedic natural religion, against the rituals and sacrifices. Charvaka Materialism is the most different and far from all other Indian School of thought. For Charvaka opposed the common belief of the immortality of the soul and life after death. For them, matter, is of utmost importance. “As Matter all beings exists and to Matter all beings depend and return,” said Brigue, one of the materialists.
“Hindu Philosophy,” by Philip Pecorino In this article, it is stated that Hindus believe that the universe is an enclosed, spherical shape, and time is cyclic. After each cycle, it is destroyed and reborn. This belief of how the universe works is similar to how they see life. Hindus believe in reincarnation, and after death, a soul is reborn as another living thing, such as a human, animal, plant, or mineral. This leads to a separation in views on how to live life, and separates the two groups of Hinduism into the worldly Hindus and the Upanishad Hindus, whose goals in life differ.
In a monotheistic religion, lower level deities are unlikely to be existent and it is often seen that a single God handles the matters of the realm. As such, we can conclude that a follower’s entire faith is transferred entirely to that God. Types of Monotheism There are 3 main types of Monotheism, namely Exclusive, Inclusive and Pluriform Monotheism. Exclusive Monotheism is the mirror image of an ideal Monotheistic culture as it enforces Monotheism’s main values of one ultimate deity. In this case, Exclusive monotheism is unwilling to accept any other forms of representations of their religion and their praise and worship are centralised upon that one God (Hein 2012).
Eastern Concepts: In the East there is often no explanation as to why evil should exist. Gautama Buddha observed that all of life is suffering, that suffering is caused by desire, and that suffering can be eliminated if desire is annihilated. Concentrating on the human situation, he ignored all matters pertaining to creation and whether there are gods. The Buddha declared that there is no such thing as permanent ego-identity and that the ultimate goal is the achievement if nirvana. In Vedanta Hinduism, Brahma, the ultimate, is beyond good and evil.
Indian philosophy expounds truth, to speak kindly and softly and never utter unpalatable truth. Social, moral and spiritual ethics encapsulates the above statement. The Ramayana teaches these values in the simplest way. But, man has forgotten the message of the Ramayana and is leading the life of a Ravana. Ravana did not comprehend this principle of divinity.
One needs to have control over sense organs. One who has the ability balance pain and pleasure will only fit for immortality. Krishna tells that if Arjuna refuses to fight then the people think it is unworthy for a warrior and the enemies will say he got feared of them. Krishna tells about the immortal nature of Atman. The victory and defeat are in the hands of lord and he needs need to be in balanced mind.
In Buddhism, it aims to obtain the enlightenment and releases from the cycle of rebirth and death. Most importantly, it wants to open the door to Nirvana in order to escape from the six realms of existence. On the other hand, in Taoism, it aims to reach the immortal state and stress on performing exercises and ritual to improve physical health. In this essay, I will compare the views of life and death in Taoism and Buddhism and state two differences between them. Comparison and Contrast First of all, Daoism and Buddhism have different explanations and perspectives on reincarnation.
In the Bhakti Yoga, the yogi realizes the difference between the reality and the illusion; it is through Bhakti yoga the reality unveils, the yogi rises above the Gunas and throws away the attachment towards materiality. Both birth and death are inevitable and to escape unending cycle of birth and death Bhakti yoga can be the path. The bhakti is not merely reciting sholka but it comes from shraddha (faith). Bhakti yogi or devotee surrenders his all to God completely and takes refuge in Him; neither the sorrow nor the happiness changes his Bhakti. Brahman is the one who is not defined by any identification but at the same time is both finite and infinite.
The essential conviction of Scientology is that the "thetan" is "the life systems of the human soul". The thetan is intended to speak to a man's actual otherworldly being, separate from "the psyche, body, and the physical world." Scientologists guarantee that a man's thetan has survived numerous past lives and contains put away recollections of memories from those past lives. These recollections could wind up plainly risky to the present, which is the reason Scientologists want to recoup those memories for the individual to accomplish genuine enlightenment. This concept is similar to that of reincarnation found within Hinduism and Buddhism, however, within Scientology, the religion helps one to regain the memories of their past life/lives so everything they experienced and learned from past lifetimes is then carried into the
could obtain the necessary spiritual wisdom. So the ancient sages of India repeatedly stated that it was the Supreme Spirit, the Universal Consciousness (Parabrahman or Paramaatman) that is without name and form and qualities (Nirguna Brahman) that is also present as the individual Consciousness (Jeevaatman) in beings that pervaded everything in the Universe and that was responsible for all creations, maintenance and dissolution of the Universe. Just because this scripture is born in India it cannot be said that it is applicable to people of this land only. Do we reject any good discovery or invention and refuse to make use of it just because it is discovered or invented by one who does not belong to one’s own country, or religion etc or because