4.0 An Explanation of Realism, Liberalism, Constructivism and Post-Structuralism. 4.1 Realism Realism or political realism prioritizes national interests and security concerns in addition to moral ideology and social reconstruction. The term is often associated with political power. The term is often associated with political power. Realism believes that the state is the main actor of the most important in determining the direction of a country.
In the beginning of this excerpt when Synge relates the anecdote of the Connaught man who killed his father, he suggests that this experience relates the “primitive feeling of these people…that a man will not do wrong unless he is under the influence of a passion… [and] they can see no reason why he should be dragged away and killed by the law.” While this seems to be an accurate assumption for the majority of cases, this is a potentially dangerous statement. The premise of this argument rests on the notion that the accused murderer feels remorse and is forever changed by their action. Yet this viewpoint falls apart and would be naive if the person who committed the crime is deranged and knowingly and unreservedly killed the person.
As the presidential election quickly approaches, it is easy to see ideas of both Liberalism and Realism in political parties. With Donald Trump making promises of stricter immigration and giant walls, a large movement of people believing in power and self-preservation now seek to "Make America Great Again. " This example of Realism stands in direct opposition to Hillary Clinton 's liberal message of peace and unity. I mention the election because it often makes me question how such contrasting beliefs can exist after 200 years as a sovereign state.
Looking back over the development of the Security Studies field, there can be no doubt that the realist tradition has exercised enormous influence. Even the harshest of critics can acknowledge that with their focus on power, fear, and anarchy, realist theories have provided centrally important explanations for conflict and war (Williams, 2013). One interpretation of realism that is unbroken amongst most commentators of the theory is that realists are individuals that believe the State is the principle actor in international politics and that they are very concerned with the balance of power (Marsalis, 2013). They argue that all the State’s actions and choices are a reflection of the collective will of the people, which is also an argument
Whilst realism and liberalism provides some concrete peace proposals in the global theory of relations, both of them are not devoid of the lines of fault which actually exhibit few of the problems that lies within their peace arguments. Taking the theory of liberal democratic peace, which has been regarded as “almost as an empirical law in global relations”, which has its pitfalls where it fails to address the states democracy, and their perceptions towards nations who are non-democratic (Downs & Mesquita, 2004). The pre-occupation of liberalism view with an agenda that is normative like universal appeal and human rights has provided liberals to disregard their countries’ sovereignty where governments that are non-democratic prevails. Liberals
The first great-war shattered the human mind so profound that out of its aftermaths’ emerged a fresh discipline (in 1919 at the University of Whales known to us as International Relations) proposed to prevent war. “It was deemed by the scholars that the study of International Politics shall find the root cause of the worlds political problems and put forward solutions to help politicians solve them” (Baylis 2014:03). International Relations happened to play the role of a ‘correcting-mechanism’ restoring the world order of peace and amity by efforting at its best to maintain the worlds’ status quo. However with the emergence of a second world war much more massive that the first put at stake all the values of that young discipline of IR. The
Crime is an action or omission that constitutes an offense that may be prosecuted by the state and is punishable by law. Consequently, crime is a consistent hot social issue in our society that people face everyday. Despite of any countries around the world, crimes are consistently happening and threatening people. Canada is not an exception. Based on the recorded official statistics in Canada, crime rates in Canada increased significantly during the 1960;s and 1970’s(Statistics Canada,2013).
Realism is arguably one of the most well-grounded, widely interpreted Intro to Realism A great majority of scholars in IR theory trace the origins of realism back to the great ancient Greek thinker, Thucydides. Thucydides followed states’ vigorous struggle for the power and security during the course of the Peloponnesian war (431–404 BC) with great attention and recounted his findings and theories in his book entitled the ‘History of the Peloponnesian War’. He perceived the international realm as one dominated by anarchy where states are in a constant struggle for survival.
The other necessary use of crime data is the allocation of funds and justice assistance. The formulation of policies requires the identification of issues, measuring how important the issues are, given their impact and magnitude and finally developing strategies to address them. On the other hand, implementing the policy means deciding on the whether it is appropriate, encouraging the masses to adopt it, and finding the resources needed to further it. In view of that, crime data plays a huge role in allocation of funds and justifying policies especially in the criminal justice system. However, it is important to note that crime statistics are not the only determining factors when it comes to which policies are put in place mainly because of
Crime statistics for England and Wales can be accessed via the Office of National Statistics and is easily accessible on the Internet. This essay will look at actual crime statistics and it’s usefulness in determining whether crime in United Kingdom is increasing or decreasing. We will also consider the whether media is accurately portraying those crime statistics by analysing the factors that make a crime newsworthy. The Office of National Statistics (ONS) collects data from various departments of the government, such as the National Fraud Intelligence Bureau and Anti – Social Behaviour, in order to compile national statistics for Crime and Justice .