Heart failure is when the heart is not functioning properly and becomes unable to supply the body properly with oxygen. Congestive heart failure is when this lack of function begins affecting the lungs ability to function normally by filling the alveoli with fluid. During normal functioning of the cardiovascular system, blood arrives at the right atrium of the heart via the vena cava. The right atrium empties blood into the right ventricle, which pumps it’s contents into the arterioles surrounding the alveoli of the lungs. From the lungs, the blood voyages to the left atrium of the heart.
The diastolic dysfunction will eventually lead to right-sided heart failure. Pulmonary edema or congestion happens when the left ventricle of the heart fails. This is simply because the inefficiency of its ventricle to pump effectively causes the blood to back up to the pulmonary capillaries as the pulmonary venous blood rises its pressure into the tissues and alveoli impairing the gas exchange. Pulmonary congestion will be manifested in crackles, difficulty of breathing, frothy pink-tinged sputum and shortness of breath. In addition, the decreased amount of blood ejected from the left side causes ineffective tissue perfusion.
Accumulation in the alveoli of excessive fluid, protein and inflammatory cells that have move into the air spaces from the alveolar capillaries. Intrapulmonary shunt develop and blood passing cannot be oxygenated. Alveolar type I and type II cells are spoiled causing surfactant dysfunction. Alveoli become unstable and collapse and fibrotic changes take place. Hyaline membranes help to the development of fibrosis and atelectasis (collapse) essential to decrease in gas exchange capability and lung dysfunction.
The pleural space begins to fill causing the-the mediastinum to maneuver around, which can lead to disruption of the airflow and pulmonary circulation. Once the air circulation is disrupted the patient begins to compensate. Tension pneumothorax can be misleading if not realizing to symptoms. A patient with tension pneumothorax is going to have chest pain caused by the lung collapsing. The patient will experience respiratory distress causing the patient to breath faster because they are not getting the proper amount of oxygen, respiratory distress can lead to altered mental status and diminished breath
The main problem that the kidneys are prone to is kidney failure, also called acute renal failure. This is the condition where the kidneys lose their ability to stop working or perform their functions. The types of causes of this disorder are categorized based on when they take place, therefore there are the pre -renal, renal and the post- renal causes. The pre- renal causes are the ones that happen before the disease occurs, they include; blood-clotting issues, low blood pressure causing low blood volume (hypovolemia) in the kidney, urinary tract infections, dehydration and medication such as diuretics which cause water loss. Renal causes affect the kidney directly, they include sepsis (when the immune system is overwhelmed by infections which causes the kidney to shut down), medication which are toxic to the kidney e.g.
Introduction Ischemic colitis is damage to the large intestine due to reduced blood flow (ischemia) to the colon. The colon is the last section of the large intestine, where stool is formed. The reduced blood flow may lead to the death of cells (necrosis) in the lining of the colon, damaging the colon and often causing bleeding. Most cases of ischemic colitis are temporary. In other cases, blood flow does not improve, and parts of the colon start to die.
Angina pectoris is not a disease but a symptom of an underlying heart problem. Angina occurs when one or more of the coronary arteries are either narrowed or blocked, called ischemia. Angina is chest pain and/or discomfort that happens when the heart muscle is not getting enough oxygen rich blood. Angina symptoms are feelings of pressure or squeezing in the chest. It can also cause pain and discomfort in the shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or the back.
Turns out nearly 6 million Americans are affected and is the leading cause for people older than the age of 65 to be placed in a hospital. When the heart 's pumping power starts to move slower than normal is what heart failure is. Some people like to think it is when the heart stops working because they think failure means stop working. Heart failure causes the pumping of blood to move way slower and that leads to the pressure in the heart to increase. Which this then results in the heart not pumping enough oxygen and nutrients to meet the body’s requirements.
Left Circumflex Artery 3. Right Coronary Artery. When these arteries are narrowed, the blood flow and oxygen circulation is forced to stop causing your body to have less movement. This is a very dangerous disease due to the fact that when the blood clot occurs in the body, your heart may stop pumping blood and inhaling/exhaling oxygen which leads to certain heart attacks and/or death.
Congestive Heart Failure Heart failure, also known as congestive heart failure, occurs when the heart no longer pumps blood as it should. With heart failure, the blood moves through the heart and the body at a slower rate. When this happens, the heart's pressure increases, and the heart could no longer pump oxygen and nutrients that the body needs. To avoid further damage, heart failure must be treated immediately. In line with this assertion, this paper will discuss the objective data, current treatments, diagnosis, social history, medical history, diagnostic studies, care plan, and client teaching of congestive heart failure.