Because of medical care, individuals could visits the doctor office for everything, ask for unnecessary laboratories or being reluctant to have healthy habits due to medical services coverage. health care is cheaper for the insured. Additionally, having insurance could encourage unhealthy behavior via moral hazard (Dong, 2011). Because of these scenarios, Health care needs to be regulated. It should provide relief when unexpected events occurs, promote healthier lifestyles but the privilege should not be abused.
Lee K. et al (2009) extensively expounded five areas of weaknesses that are detrimental to attaining good GHG. These are policy coherence and coordination; transparency and accountability; participation and representation; resource mobilization and allocation; and leadership in global governance and social determinants of health, respectively. Key international institutions concerned with health, be they public, private or civil society, operate independent of one another and are accountable to donors not a higher level of health authority. They often have overlapping and duplicated mandates, with cost implications (Lee et al., 2009). Thus there is the need to improve coordination so as to avoid waste, inefficiency, and turf wars while building upon the current enthusiasm of new actors (Szlezák et al.,
IntroductionClinical empathy is an essential element of quality care and is associated with improved patient satisfaction, adherence to treatment, and fewer malpractice complaints. It has been suggested that in contrast to models of “detached concern,” physicians who attempt to understand what their patient is feeling and communicate their concern achieve a number of valuable outcomes for their patients and for themselves . Empathy in medicine is challenging though, because doctors are dealing with the most emotionally distressing situations–illness, dying, suffering in every form–and such situations would normally make an empathic person anxious, perhaps too anxious to be helpful . This painful reality may take its toll on these individuals
By choosing to concentrate merely on biological impacts on health, a vast array of other factors, such as the environment, the money invested in public health care systems and many more, are ignored. However, in today’s contemporary society there are new frameworks to consider that challenge the traditional framework in many ways, but also contribute to the complexity of defining health. One such framework is the socio-medical model of health. This model takes many factors in account when discussing ones health, and accepts that disease can be multi-causal. I mentioned earlier that people are taking responsibility for their own health, and although this remains true, some factors which may contribute to disease are out of our control- for example certain toxins that we may be exposed to in our environment, Chernobyl being an example of a catastrophic nuclear disaster impacting on the health of people in the surrounding area for generations.
The critiques are that there is still little evidence of productiveness and it does not explicitly address social change as it is firmly rooted in medical discourse. The social Action model emphasise prevention and promotes positive mental health. It helps people in communities to recognize potential and change structures as well as enhances community support and morale. Critiques are that it underplays the individual subjective experience and personal agency. Both models share the view that communities be protected from additional mental illness.
Compliance with Health Information Management Laws and Regulations Introduction Privacy and confidentiality are the fundamental aspects of health information management. The most important thing in health information management is the assurance to patients that the information they share with health professionals shall be maintained with confidentiality ("HIM Functions in Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety", 2018). The absence of such assurances increases the likelihood of patients withholding critical information. Withholding of information in health management may lead to detrimental effects which include adverse effects on the quality, safety as well as the outcome of care. Due to the high level of risk associated with health information, several laws have been enacted to ensure that personal information of clients is protected.
The view further argues that the society is more important than institutions and thus social institutions exist in order to create a social order in the society. Functionalist social perspective declares that medical professionals perform their duties to complete their roles in the society. According to Talcott Parsons, the definition of health is the person’s ability to complete
Nonetheless, fairness in health is cumbersome to measure due to its varied understanding across the cultural contexts (Starfield 2006). For that reason, the International Society for Equity in Health elaborated the definition by Whitehead with the purpose of researching and analyzing the health inequity and informing policy decisions as “Equity in health is the absence of systematic and potentially remediable differences in one or more aspects of health across socially, demographically, or geographically defined populations or population subgroups” (Starfield 2006). Table 1. Some definitions of equity in health Definitions Sources 1 “Equity means that people’s needs, rather than their social privileges, guide the distribution of opportunities for well-being. In virtually every society in the world, social privilege is reflected by differences in socioeconomic status, gender, geographical location, racial/ethnic/religious differences and age.
A Study of the District Health Information System in Mandera County, Kenya Study Justification Improvement in health is recognized as a central factor for development in poor countries. Public health decision making is critically dependent on accurate, timely and reliable information to improve development. To make decision-making possible, managers and policy makers need good information about the current situation of the health of the population. To acquiring good information, a well-functioning health information system (HIS) for gathering, processing, analyzing and using health information is needed (WHO, 2007). There is a widespread belief that most of the national and sub-national health information systems fail in providing much needed
Health promotion is categorized to primary prevention to avoid the occurrence of disease, secondary to inhibit the progression, or tertiary prevention to restrain complications. Therefore, there are difference between the health promotion interventions in aims and situations. Following Naidoo & Wills (2005), numerous practitioners have limited role in achieving social changes required to eliminate health inequalities, accordingly. The WHO ascertains three methods to stimulate health; advocacy by goal protecting to acquire policy assistance and social approval, enablement by selecting action with others to support health , and mediation by intervening between altered benefits and offering evidence by influencing policy through media campaigns. Naidoo and Wills (2009) stated the Health-promoting aspects; listening to client's views and beliefs, enchanting positive prospects about the client's aptitudes, building connections between client's situation and others, offering facts about informal facility, discussing future accomplishment with patient to guarantee