Rights Of The Child Essay

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Introduction:
Children are required to be under special care to ensure the best possible growth in them. They must be assured with basic rights like right to survive, to be safe, to belong, to be heard, to receive adequate care and grow up in a protective environment . According to Art. 1 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, every person below the 18 years of age shall be considered as child, under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier .
If we look into the present scenario, the children are vulnerable to violations in many places including homes. It is difficult to get the right statistics, as kids are the easiest prey and they are easily made to adapt with the situation and many cases go unreported. On the
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In 1966 the International Covenant on Civil and political rights and Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights advocated the need of the children to be protected from exploitation and to promote the right to education . In 1973, the International Labour Organization took the initiative to adopt the convention on fixing the minimum age for employment, which sets to 18 years . The Un General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women which protected the rights of the young girls and also the year 1979 was declared as the International Year of the Child, which initiated the drafting of the legally binding Convention on the Rights of the Child . IN 1989, The UN General Assembly unanimously approves the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which came into force in 1990, and in this year itself the World Summit for Children adopted the World Declaration on the survival, protection and development of children, along with a plan for implementation in the next immediate years

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