Children's Rights Of The Child Essay

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Children are required to be under special care to ensure the best possible growth in them. They must be assured with basic rights like right to survive, to be safe, to belong, to be heard, to receive adequate care and grow up in a protective environment . According to Art. 1 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, every person below the 18 years of age shall be considered as child, under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier .
If we look into the present scenario, the children are vulnerable to violations in many places including homes. It is difficult to get the right statistics, as kids are the easiest prey and they are easily made to adapt with the situation and many cases go unreported. On the based on reports,
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Since 1841, France started protecting the children at workplace and in 1881 they were provided with the right to get educated . At the beginning of 20th century, specifically with the establishment of the League of Nations in 1919, the child’s right started coming under the light of importance. On September 16th of 1924, the League of Nation adopted the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child, which is the first international treaty specifying on the children’s right in its five chapters .
The UN General Assembly passed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights referring in Art. 25 to childhood as “entitled to special care and assistance” in 1948 . World War II and casualties left thousands of children in a dire situation, which resulted into creation of UN fund for Urgency for the Children in 1947 which later on became UNICEF, an international organization in 1953, but it focused on the young European victims of the World War II. After the mandate of 1953, it was enlarged to be called an international organisation in true sense as it expanded its action towards the developing nations

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