Children and families cannot participate actively unless they are empowered. Empowerment emphasizes strength and capacities. Child perspective, this means a child friendly perspective that is informed by new approaches to the study and analysis of children and childhood (James and Prout 1990). Child must in all circumstances be seen as individuals with same rights and interests and should be given an open platform just as adults to express their views as stipulated in the convention the rights of the child (Article 4 of CRC). Children and youth regardless of social status must receive recognition from social workers and parents.
This reform upholds a number of principles, one being that a childâ€™s welfare is paramount when making decisions about a childâ€™s upbringing. It introduced the concept of parental responsibility, which sets out the rights, duties power and responsibilities of the parent or carer of a child. It also sets out to detail what local authorities and the courts should do to protect the welfare of children. The Children Act 1989 states that the welfare of the child is paramount and sets out to detail what Local Authorities and Courts should to protect children. The school must designate a Senior Teacher who will hold specific responsibilities for child protection within their school, they will be clear and familiar with the rules and steps to follow regarding any matters of child welfare.
It is vital to create a structured, nurturing and safe learning environment to foster success. The special education and general education classrooms, although separate, must function together and provide a rich learning environment that offers support to all students. Collaboration between the special education and general education teacher is essential. If a student is learning in both areas, it will be crucial for me, as the special education teacher to provide my expertise to the general education teacher so that she may best meet the needs of the special needs child. There are state and federal laws put into place to ensure that these students don’t fall through the cracks and get left behind.
In England, the law specifies the ‘parental responsibility’ that a parent must accept, and violation of which may attract penalty. In the United States of America, the laws to protect the children have evolved through a long period. The protection of the children is a matter taken seriously by the authoritative bodies, and they observe over the children. If any parent is found to abuse his or her kid, depending on the situation, the child is removed from them, to make the child more secure, and the abusive parents has to face severe consequences. The parents are given six months time to fix the environment they have provided into a healthy and sound environment for the child, and the authorities on being satisfied let the child return to the home of his biological parents, otherwise they are given for adoption.
Based on the work of the other theorist that she had studied Tina Bruce developed ten principles of early childhood education. Principle one The needs of children’s are different to the needs of the adult. Childhood is valuable and should be used to learn how to deal with emotional, physical and social need. Both children and adults learn from each other and they enrich other lives. Montessori believes that childhood is a state that needs to be protected and children should be allowed to develop a specially prepared environment .
Child welfare is used to describe a set of services put in place to protect children and enhance family stability. The services include the investigation of reports of child abuse and neglect, foster care, adoption services, and services designed to support vulnerable families so they can remain unhurt. The main belief behind child welfare programs is that, depending on circumstances within each individual case, the interests of the child might be safer by removing children from the care of one’s parents and placing them into state custody. Although removing a child from the situation of abuse and neglect, there are also serious consequences to these actions. Children form a natural bond with their parents even in poor situations and when this
Persons in the field of caring for infants/toddlers ought to adhere to his/her country’s guideline in preventing all or some of the diseases that are commonly known in the early childhood environment to secure a child’s welfare. In delivering a safe environment aimed towards the education aspect, all of the inclusive children will feel a sense of security, peace and even joy within a welcoming surrounding. More so, this healthy, safe and nurturing environment develops the child’s developmental domains which are the physical, social and emotional, cognitive and language, and moral and spiritual development. Through this, Jim Greenman (1988) quote is achieved which highlights what an early childhood environment should be which are rich in experience, in play, in teaching, with people, significant to children and places children called their own. Further research illustrated how a child care provider ought to use some sort of check list to prevent any mishaps within and out of the centre’s environment with the aid of proper supervision.
Especially, it is of paramount importance when it comes to development of new humans within the bodies of their mothers. In the process of development, the new humans should be conditioned to a perpetual condition that reflects the environment or conditions in which they will live after birth and in the process of growth. The implication is that the mother should see to it that the developing human is not conditioned even to adversities from this very time of development. As such, this will ensure that once they are born, the body systems and mechanisms shall be able to ensure balance of the systems and processes that take place in the body (Lee, 2013). It is similarly necessary in order to avoid instances, which could threaten the health of the born human being through dysfunction of the homeostatic system in the body.
32 was issued on the Child Law, which will represent a pivotal change in the work of State institutions and civil society institutions under the legislative umbrella of the child, guaranteeing the right to a decent life and the launching of the National Childhood Strategy, which represents a roadmap for sound institutional work to ensure the implementation of projects and plans. Which enable children to have all their rights. The Kingdom is keen to accede to international conventions that fall within the framework of protecting and safeguarding the right of the child, especially the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, which was ratified by the Kingdom of Bahrain in 1992. It also concluded cooperation agreements and memorandums of understanding with international organizations and its committees concerned with children, (UNICEF), all of which guarantee the rights of the child, and that the best interests of the child are always the primary consideration in child-related actions. Bahrain is one of the leading countries in the legalization of children's rights through the promulgation of numerous decrees regulating the registration of births and deaths and the conditions for licensing the establishment of nurseries, the law of education, work, events, family custody and
Among the various schemes, the notable one is the National Child Health policy, which aimed at providing health facilities to children with much care and precision. The seventh Five-year plan established a Ministry of Child and Women Welfare, and enacted a number of legislations. Among the prominent legislations, the Juvenile Justice Act was amended in 1986, repealing the Children Act 1960 to protect child offenders from severe punishments and to reform their behavioral attitudes. It also declared a National Policy on Child Labor. In the eight five-year plan, it adopted scheme for assistance to infants to promote in country adoptions for destitute children and created a special agency named as Central Adoption Resource Agency (CARA).