CONCEPT 3: THE RELEVANCE OF STRATEGIC PLANNING IN NURSING PRACTICE This concept is taken from Block 2, Module 3 which is entitled as ‘Elements and Process of Administration-1’. Strategy can be defined as plan of action designed to accomplish or fulfill a certain task. Planning is the act of making course of action or formulating plans. Margaret Rouse defined Strategic planning as a review and planning process that is undertaken to make thoughtful decisions about an organization’s future in order to ensure its success. 3.1 Personal context Strategic planning is an important planning process that is of great help to the organization.
Strategic planning is the procedure and decisions made about an organisation’s long term goals and strategies. The company formulates a strategy on how to sustain their position in a very competitive environment. Human resource planning, by comparison, is the process of providing management with effective manpower, at the right time and place to achieve the organisation’s goals. The human resource planning is an ongoing process which looks to insure flexible re-sourcing connected to internal and external environmental pressures. Strategic human resource management is a combination of strategic planning and HR planning, it utilizes human resource and human resource activities in the achievement of strategic goals.
Strategic planning is a process that can allows us to both study and conduct simulations of the future. The process can show hidden opportunities or threats and providing the way to apply on them early. It is a living, dynamic document. It drives your business and must be integrated into every fiber of your organization so every employee helps move the company in the same direction. Strategic planning gives a clear framework with criteria for us to make day-to-day decisions.
Strategic planning also assists the organization to focus its attention on those key issues and challenges. Therefore, it can help the organization's leaders to decide on what action they can be taken on how to deal with those problems and challenges. (Christine, 2015). Educational institutions need to think strategically in their own direction and future. To overcome the future uncertainties,
Economic responsibility definitely acts as a motives driver in holding a CSR action. However, due to the fact that companies must also obey the law of CSR practices, both economic and legal responsibilities are placed next to each other. The last responsibility, philanthropic, is in the top of the pyramid since it can be seen as the least important responsibilities and only conducted by larger companies. Philanthropic responsibility in Indonesia is not equal to developed countries, due to the social and cultural circumstances. While developed countries base their CSR on taxes and individual commitment, Indonesia base their CSR on particular activity, mainly for mass poverty, and is not entirely ready to be a national
Strategic management as a term and concept is not new. The term was first used in the 1970s, and it meant that a staff of strategic planners more or less thought up strategic programs and then tried to sell them to decision makers. In the 1990s, the view of strategic planning and strategic management is much different. Goodstein, Nolan, and Pfeiffer’s definition of strategic planning takes us away from the notion that strategic planning is a staff job and focuses us more on a process that requires the senior leaders of an organization to set its strategic direction. It is defined as the process by which the guiding members of an organization envision its future and develop the necessary procedures and operations to achieve that future .
Given the five (5) strategic planning models presented by McNamara (1997-2006) and Kriemadis & Theakou (2007), an organisation may adopt one or a combination of these models – Basic, Issue/Goal-based, Alignment, Scenario and Organic/Self-organising, when executing their strategic planning process. While this strategy change cycle serves as a guide, the ownus is with the public manager to apply the most suitable model given the circumstances and goals to be achieved. Strategy Change Cycle or Ten-step process highlighted by Bryson (2004) was an upgrade from the eight-step process put forward by the said Bryson (1988) in an attempt to realise or even revise annaul Corporate or Business Plans. Being party to a recent planning process, this steps involved were executed as follows: 1) Commence and agree upon a strategic planning process – A common goal is the order of the day. To achieve this shared goal a wide cross-section was selected which guaranteed representation of all units, division and branch of the organization.
Moreover, other three responsiblities are based on the economic reponsibility because the author indicated that without it the others become moot questions. To be more specific, economic responsibility is the foundation of Carroll’s pyramid. The second factor is legal responsibility which is involved in obeying the laws. That means the society expects the business entities not only to operate with the profit motivation but also to comply with the laws as well as regulations of gorvernment. Legal responsibility is regarded as the next layer on the pyramid which is defined as some statements such as “it is important to perform in a manner consistent with expectations of gorvenment and law, to comply with various federal, state, and local regulations, to provide goods and services that at least meet minimal legal requirements, to be a law-abiding corporate citizen and a successful firm is defined as fulfilling its legal requirements”.
The managers need to change their role and transform themselves into moral leaders to fulfil social responsibility towards the society. Carroll (2000) also suggested that the corporations have four business responsibilities towards the society. These four business responsibilities are economic, legal, ethical and philanthropic (Carroll, 2000). The ethical business practices