Athens succeeded in capturing and burning Sardis which is one of the important cities in the Persian empire. Darius the king of the Persian empire swore to burn Athens and Eretria so he charged one of his servants to say ‘master remember the Athenians’ three times before dinner. In 490 bc Darius sent a naval task force under the command of Datis and
Shakespeare used one element of the traditional tragic hero in which a person of noble birth is the tragic hero. Brutus fits this example of a tragic hero because Marcus Brutus’s ancestor Junius Brutus fought the Tarquin Kings, who were ruthless dictators and tyrants and kicked them off the throne and took away control of Rome from them long before the time Caesar. Junius then established the Roman government that was present in the time of Caesar. The government he founded made all Romans proud especially Marcus Brutus. “O, you and I have heard our fathers say, there was a Brutus once that would have brooked Th’ eternal devil to keep his state in Rome as easily as a king” (I.ii.158-161).
9th Grade Ancient Greece Persuasive Essay Who was responsible for the fall of Ancient Greece - Sparta or Athens? It has been argued over the years about which city-state, Sparta or Athens was responsible for the fall of Greece. Athens had been the superpower all along the years. Especially after Greece won the Persian War the Athenian Empire was able to attain their full potential and brilliance. Sparta and its allies grew discontented of the great growing power Athens was becoming therefore different conflicts broke out resulting in the Peloponnesian War.
The movie 300 is based on the story of the 300 spartans that stood against the entire Persian army. The story takes place in 480 B.C. in either August or mid-September. During this time Persia had been conquering any lands around it and finally set its sights on Greece. Learning of this and knowing that the persians would attack Leonidas asked the council of sparta to give permission for the army to fight against persia.
Athenians appointed Draco to create laws which established equity and stability. But his laws were harsh and started an economic crisis. Therfore, the Athenians appointed Solon who made reforms. Then Peisistratos seized Athens and it became ruled under tyranny and then he gave his sons his position after he died. Then the Athenians drove the tyrants out with the leadership of Cleisthenes and Isidoros.
All his brothers and sisters thanked Zeus and made him their leader. (Evslin4). From there, the young gods took over Olympus and took the throne from their father and fought a war against him and his titans. No one knows exactly what happened to Cronos and his titans but myths say they are banished in Tartarus. (Evslin5).
Both Agamemnon and Odysseus, have wives besieged by suitors and a son who, logically, dislikes them. The story of Agamemnon parallels that of Odysseus. But Agamemnon's story turned negative: the suitor killed him and married his wife, though his son, Orestes, avenged his death. This foreshadowing effect is only a brief statement by Zeus in Zimmerman’s interpretation as time is a vital resource in a play while in an epic it is held in excess. Homer’s ability to enhance the epic with secondary characters came from years of oral history and time but pays off tenfold.
Introduction 1. Alexander became the ruler of Macedon in 336 BC taking over from his father Phillip II. Immediately after taking over, he conquered all of Greece defeating powerful armies of Sparta and Athenia. His greed for wealth, power, recognition and prestige took him to the mighty Kingdom of Persia and on the pretext of avenging attack by the Persian ruler Xerxes in 480 BC, he engaged the mighty Persians in three major battles. The brilliant strategist and ferocious commander Alexander was, he was knocking the doors of India by 326 BC.
Psychology of Self-Restraint in The Odyssey of Homer Critic Jean Starobinsky wisely said that “in every case, wisdom consists of stifling the irrational impulse, in not letting loose the word or impulse that would spell disaster” (Starobinsky). Set in the Ancient Greek kingdom of Ithaca, Homer’s The Odyssey, follows the epic return of Odysseus to his kingdom ten years following the Trojan War. Homer makes several observations about the psychological mindset needed for self restraint. During his absence, a mob of suitors invaded his palace to court his faithful wife, Penelope. Meanwhile, inexperienced prince Telemachus struggles to overthrow them while attempting to establish himself as the new leader of Ithaca.
Giving even the most well-meaning person power can change that person into a hungry tyrant. Sophocles, the author of Antigone, writes a character that does this exact trope. By presenting two separate monologues by Creon that are mere pages of each other, the reader can see this sudden change in character due to the increase of power. Before the monologues, King Oedipus has left Thebes after the tragic events of the opening scene, and his two sons, Eteocles and Polyneices are both dead by fighting each other over the control of Thebes. In the Greek play Antigone, Sophocles uses the characterization of Creon to depict the corruption of absolute power.
Just this time last year, Xerxes’ mass armed forces of 150,000 men and a 600 ship navy stormed the pass at Thermopylae to avenge his father 's defeat at Marathon. Here marked the beginning of Sparta’s quest to victory. The invasion that began following the Greek revolt of 499- 94 BC ,as a punitive attack by Persia against a collection of disunited city states, ended this past week in one of the most critical battles of our time. North of Athens, on the far side of a mountain range that separated Attica from Boeotia, the contest would be decided. Darius I, then commander of the Persian forces, arranged for messengers to circulate the Greek city-states demanding land and seas.
The Thebans soon revolted after his assassination, it was then when his son Alexander the Great who quickly took control of the throne and halted the Thebans revolt, burning their city Thebes to the ground. Alexander then looked at the rest of the world and only two years later did he cross Hellespont into Asia and defeat Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Issus. This victory further pushed King Philip’s plan to get revenge on the Persians for their acts in the Peloponnesian Wars and to also take control of Asia. By the time it was 332 BC Alexander had conquered Egypt and found the city of Alexandria which he named after himself. Alexander then went to Mesopotamia where he, once again, defeated Darius III.
During the eighteenth century and up until the nineteenth century, Greeks were under the control of the Ottoman Empire. It was during this time that nationalism and the idea that your people should have the best became really popular. Greeks in the Balkans and in Asia Minor decided to revolt against their rulers in March 1821, starting a nine-year war in search for their independence. When other European countries siding with them intervened, the Greeks finally gain their freedom. During the war, people formed opinions on the Greeks: some praised and sympathized with them while others didn’t.
In 338 BCE, Philip’s army defeated the allied forces of Athens and Thebes in a battle at Chaeronea. This defeat forced Athens to enter into the so-called League of Corinth, ostensibly a pan-Hellenic alliance aimed at opposing the power of Persia, but actually an organization that gave Philip unprecedented authority over Greek
Philip changed many aspects of the Macedonian army, since he was so eager the regain the territory the Illyrians took, and ultimately killed his brother over. With this newly organized phalanx, Philip was able to defeat the Illyrians. Taking back North-western Macedon and slaughtering over half of their army”7,000 to be exact (Gabriel)”. This began Philip’s conquest of regaining back the entire Macedonian territory. Altogether, “Philip neutralized the enemies from the northern and western fronts within a year of kingship (Gabriel)”.