The principle of negligence is to determine a guilty party when someone acts in a careless manner and causes injury to another person. Negligence names the careless person legally liable. In order to win, the plaintiff must prove four different elements. The first element that must be proven is Duty of Care. The defendant must have owed the plaintiff legal duty of care.
Sports risk management is to prevent and minimize accidents and mishaps in sports. Ehsani, M. and Versi, K. (2012) the practice of risk management is a new thing and need qualified coaches to achieve better performance of risk management within the organization. Ammon (2001) and Clement (1998) Risk manager must appoint to manage the model of risk management practice to create and exercise program must safe. Ammon (2001), Thatcher (2006), and Price (2010) top management and coaches need to know about knowledge in risk management field of sport and more experiences in handle training to manage the risk in the risk management practices of facilities, equipment, and safety
An error of judgment constitutes negligence only if a reasonably competent professional with the standard skills that the defendant professes to have, and acting with ordinary care, would not have made the same error . Doctors must exercise an ordinary degree of skill. However, they cannot give a warranty of the perfection of their skill or a guarantee of cure. If the doctor has adopted the right course of treatment, if she/ he is skilled and has worked with a method and manner best suited to the patient, she/ he cannot be blamed for negligence if the patient is not totally cured. Certain conditions must be satisfied before liability can be considered.
Violent Sports The topic on violent sports such as boxing and martial arts on whether they should be banned may be extended widely as different arguments may arise in support for the ban or continuity of the sports. The first topic would be an increase in violence due to extensive exposure to the sports. The topic may explain how exposure to such sports would influence one’s character making them brutal. The second topic would be that the violent sports cause mental disabilities. The sports involve punches and kicks in the head, which may affect the brain.
Plessy was arrested for violating an 1890 Louisiana statute that provided for segregated “separate but equal” railroad accommodations. African American man mistreated, it is true a broke a state law, but the situation could have been treated more maturely, and professionally. Police and citizens should not have discriminate Homer Plessy for being an African American. Rejecting Plessy’s argument that his constitutional rights were violated, the Court ruled that a state law that “implies merely a legal distinction” between whites and blacks did not conflict with the 13th and14th Amendments. (Plessy v Ferguson case - History.com) Race or color should not determine the way you treat someone, everyone should be treated equivalent.
“Breach of duty in negligence liability may be found to exist where the defendant fails to meet the standard of care required by law. Once it has been established that the defendant owed the claimant a duty of care, the claimant must also demonstrate that the defendant was in breach of duty. The test of breach of duty is generally objective, however, there may be slight variations to this”. While using the objective test also referred to as the reasonable man test to determine negligence in breach of duty, the court will decide if the defendant fell below the standard of the reasonable man. The standard of care expected from this hypothetical character is objective; not taking into account the characteristics or weaknesses of the defendant
1.0 Introduction Sport risk management is an importance thing to focus in organization especially sport organizations to practice in organization. Risk management comes early years 1970 (Aman, 2006) and nowadays risk management practices is increases and take serious in risk management practices. Sekendiz, Laroche and Corbelt (2011), sport today changes from recreation to professional activities including sport industry, athletes and professional coach or officer. Everyone participate in sport industry including athletes, coaches, managers, sport officers, organizer and all manufactures sport equipment exposes to risk. Purposes sport risk management to minimize and reduces accident in sport (Ang 2007, Wong and Chen 2010 and Rejda 2011).
Female sex offenders are assessed with an aim of establishing the future likelihood of re-occurrence of such sexual offensive behavior and to establish mechanisms that can be used to decrease the risk and rate of recidivism. They exhibit a higher level of vulnerability connected to these sexual offensive behaviors. An extensive victimization history and social and psychological alienation are issues that are common among most sexual offenders. Static risk factors associated with female sexual offenders include history of criminal offenses, child abuse offenses, drug arrest and prior sexual offense arrest. Dynamic risk factors include substance abuse, problematic relationships, wanting revenge, desire to be intimate with a victim and using of sex as a tool for regulating emotional state.
There are four main elements of negligence liability: duty of care, breach of duty of care, damage or injury and causation. To prove negligence the plaintiff must establish these four elements .Together those elements form the tort of negligence .One of the key cases in negligence is Donoghue v Stevenson. In