Gulf Deep-water Oil Spill The Gulf oil spill is considered the worst oil spill and one of the worst environmental disasters in the U.S. history. It was April 20th, 2010, that the Deepwater BP oil rig exploded and penetrated in the Gulf of Mexico sea. The Gulf oil explosion killed 11 workers but most of the impact was on marine species such as turtles, herons, gulls, birds, fishes, and sea mammals. Moreover, 16,000 total miles of coastline have been affected, including the coasts of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida due to the release of about 4.9 million barrels of oil into the sea.
The BP CSR and Crisis History: Before to the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion, BP encountered numerous disasters and scandals and have a track record of ignoring saftey. The first accident which happened in December 1965, where the BP oil rig Sea Gem while it was being moved and it cost the death of thirteen human lives. Next, on March 23, 2005, BP’s refinery exploded, caught fire in Texas City and 15 workers has died. Later BP was under the lawsuits from the victim’s families and charged with criminal violations of federal environmental laws.
Valeria De Leon Mr. Mays English III 11 November 2015 Thesis Statement On April 20, 2010, the oil-drilling rig Deepwater Horizon exploded due to equipment failure and sank, spilling over 200 million gallons of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico in the course of three months. The BP oil spill was the worst environmental crisis America has ever faced, damaging coastal habitats, the environment and the economy.
1. Introduction In 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oil platform spit nearly five million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico, making it the largest oil spill in history. The 1989 oil spill surpassed Exxon Valdez's oil spill in 1989 as the largest oil spill ever seen in US-controlled waters and the Ixtoc I oil spill of 1979 as the largest oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. On April 20, 2010, Deepwater Horizon, an ultra-deepwater offshore rig, exploded in the Gulf of Mexico about 41 miles off the coast of Louisiana, killing 11 riggers and injuring 17 others.
Still to this day, the Gulf War oil spill remains the worst disaster of its kind. This spill resulted in the death of over 10 thousand sea birds and threatened sea turtles and marine mammals in the surrounding areas (Baumann, 2001). The second largest oil spill was the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, also known as the Gulf of Mexico, or BP Oil Spill that occurred more recently in 2010. This oil spill was caused by a surge of natural gases resulting in the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon rig. The explosion occurred while workers were at the rig attempting to activate the blow-out preventer, this BOP malfunctioned and the rig exploded killing 11 workers and injuring 17.
Drilling into Disaster: BP in the Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Mexico is one of the valuable place in which it has variety of marine life, such as fish, shrimp and other species The issues of incident on spill oil should be on concerned as it leads to this disaster for human being and environment. The case is discussed how BP company responses. It means how its board and management accountability, corporate responsibility, risk management, code of conduct and whistleblowing, compensation practices, and stakeholder communications react on this disaster. With regard to the disaster, BP CEO should have behaved appropriately because he should have responsibility on his job and should give his employees a better solution better than not saying anything. The problem was still there even BP change CEO to Dudley.
Some of the earliest oil spills date back to 1900s and the most recent occurring in January of 2017. Oil has a great affect on marine life, even birds are affected by oil spills. Jordan states, “about 15 million gallons of oil are spilled in the ocean per year from offshore drilling”(n. pag.). 15 million gallons is large quantity of oil to be put in the ocean every year, this number does not include pollution from drains and runoff, and many other contributors. If offshore drilling continues the oceans will only become more dangerous polluted and have a negative effect on marine life.
The oil spill had a loss of habitats and it had an impact of the development of large fish and wild animals. Some similarities they both had people working to fix the damages and bring the communities together. The issue when workers tried to
In “Is Humanity a Special Threat?” author Greg Easterbrook states his thoughts about the Prince William Sound site oil spill, saying that in 10 years the William sound site will look as if it had never been affected by the destructive oil spill. In 1992, Easterbrook recalls himself aboard the research vessel Arctic Dream, in the waters of Prince William Sound. What he found amazed him. Author Easterbrook recalls the scene saying, “it was just 3 years later, and already the sound was so close to its former state, it was impossible to determine where the spill had occurred without resorting to navigation charts.”
The disaster caused much damage such as wiping out ocean life as result Exxon paid billions in fines for the crisis.
Offshore Drilling Every year, in the United States alone, 565 million barrels or oil are extracted as a result of offshore drilling; totaling a startling amount of roughly 1.5 million barrels a day. Consequently, these threatening practices are negatively impacting marine mammals, sea birds, sea turtles, and fish. Although drilling offshore provides access to expensive resources such as oil, it heavily contributes to the extinction and endangerment of animals, and the disruption of marine ecosystems, thus these practices should be prohibited and viewed as unethical. To begin, new techniques of horizontal drilling allow for even greater amounts of oil to be extracted from a single well, producing problems in infrastructure on land.
To reduce the harm caused to the wildlife in marine there is a need to regulate the amount of oil spill into the ocean and to ensure that the oil spill company benefits there is a need to produce the right amount via looking into the right strategies to be used in production of oil. Utilitarianism is morally right if it results in the greatest amount of good for the greatest amount of people; therefore, it could be argued that BP should: adopt riskier strategies that result in higher returns; cut safety costs; and exploit small minorities. The results could provide a benefit for a great number of people over time, (Warren 2012). From an act utilitarianism perspective BP’s employees can be seen to act unethically as the immediate results of some decisions induce suffering and detrimental effects to the environment, employees and local communities.
Therefore, as NASA knew that the foam was falling off and causing damages, it should had corrected this fault and designed better thermal insulation, instead of misrepresenting that error by assuming that it is a normal phenomena. On the other hand, NASA didn’t find out the mechanisms that caused the foam to shed off. Instead, they assumed that it was an installation mistake from Michoud Assembly Facility employees. NASA blamed them for the Columbia disaster and retrained them. However, in December 2005, x-ray photographs showed that thermal expansion and contraction during filling of the foam tank, caused cracks that led to foam shedding.