Rizal's Philosophy Of Religion

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Philosophy of Religion is the branch of philosophy that is concerned with the philosophical study of religion, including arguments over the nature and existence of God, religious language, miracles, prayer, the problem of evil, and the relationship between religion and other value-systems such as science and ethics. (The Basics of Philosophy, 2008)
Most of Rizal’s written works contain religious ideas. It has been argued on whether he believes in most or just selectively. But of course, we know that he was raised by Donya Teodora to be a religious boy. However, criticisms began when he became a member of the Masonry in the latter part of his life. Most of these religious views are expressed through Rizal’s characters in novels or dialogues like the following: Noli me tangere, El filibusterismo, annotations of Antonio de Morga’s Sucesos de las islas Filipinas, open letter entitled To the young women of Malolos, The Philippines a century hence, The indolence of the Filipinos, letters to Pablo Pastells, Me Ultimo Adios and other miscellaneous writings.
Furthermore, Rizal correspondence with Fr. Pablo Pastells was believed to have touched and exposed more of Rizal’s mature and religious views. Fr. Pablo Pastells was a Jesuit priest. He arrived in the Philippines in 1875. He was sent to Ateneo de Manila and became the director of the Sodality of Our Lady a year later. As the head of the boarders, he came to know the fourteen-year old Rizal. (Sugon, 2009)
In his first letter to
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