The following literature and studies in this chapter are found relevant by the researcher. These are presented to support the present study. Over the past decades, one problem that had caused economic losses in our country is the heavy traffic, primarily caused by road congestions. According to Domingo, S., Briones R. and Tolin, L. (2015), the primary cause of congestion is an effect of the chaotic transport regime of bus operations to meet the demand of the commuters, as for buses and similar modes of transportations it is just open franchising. The memorandum the government implemented in 2000 for Metro Manila, has many loop holes and created chaos in the road congestions.
Every day, there are news reports on road accidents that killed thousands of life. There are tons of factors causing road accidents and one common factor is reckless driving. Dave Jones the American politician said reckless driving is operating a vehicle in a speed or manner likely to endanger other drivers. Thus, the reckless driving should be stopped by imposing harsher punishment. Harsher punishment should be imposed against reckless driving because reckless driving cause fatalities, the available punishments are not adequate enough and reckless driving breaches the right of other road users.
Pedestrian detection is an important field of research in both commercial and government organizations. There has been increase in the number of traffic accidents over the years and millions of peoples are injured by an accident. The Pedestrians are among the major victims of these accidents. For this reason a night vision system is introduced to detect the pedestrian in order to reduce the probability of pedestrian-vehicle-related accident. When collisions occur the pedestrian will be in dangerous situation because they are much more likely to be hurt than the driver.
The advent of technology has also increased the traffic hazards and the road accident take place frequently which causes huge loss of life and property because of the poor emergency facilities.Life of the people is under high risk. This is because of the lack of best emergency facilities available in our country. Most of the times we may not able to find accidents because we don’t know where accident will happen, in order to give treatment for injured people first we need to know that where that happened through location tracking and sending to your related one. So our project is based on microcontroller, GSMand GPS. When a car meets with an accident, immediately a text message is sent to the owner.
Long term exposure to noise levels above 75dB seriously hampers hearing and affects human physical and psychological. The noise horn sound from truck very loudly makes another vehicle driver shocked and causing accidents. Therefore, this will increase the percentage of accident at road and cause the congestion at
1.0 Introduction Drive Safe means an expression used to advise a departing person to be careful while driving (Idiom dictionary, 2002). Nowadays, people can’t live without a car and a family mostly have a car use in their daily life. However, the car uses increase and some of the people lack drive safely knowledge will cause the accident occur. According to the accident and fatality statistic in Malaysia, the road accidents increased year by year, there are from 373,071 cases in 2008 increase to 462,423 cases in 2012. There are some factors caused the accident occur which is the drunk drive, over speed, non-compliance with traffic rules, bad driving habits, equipment failure, improper turn and other factors.
It is a huge amount of money that U.S. has to put on illegal people instead of using it for developing the country, and it also cause lack of medical equipments and doctors because of a high number of patients. In addition, illegal immigrants can destroy the environments of local countries. Increasing of population means increasing of waste in the countries because “the accumulation of disintegrating toilet paper, human feces, and rotting food has become a health and safety issue for residents of and visitors to some of these areas, and is
1. Abstract Traffic congestion is one of the issue in that happen in Malaysia. Road user took so much time wasted on the road due to the traffic congestion and it has so much negative impact to the road users. The objectives of our study is to know what is happening in the Malaysia road and how is the condition of the traffic congestion in Malaysia. There are so many factors that affect traffic congestion and some of them can be overcome by several strategies.
Unfortunately, after decades of operation since 1979, the traffic congestion and accidents are always happened especially during a peak hour. Several factor that lead to the traffic congestion especially at KM 1 to KM 27 included the broken road caused from road construction and heavy truck. Drivers need to slow down their vehicles since there were so many potholes and broken road in the highway that can cause an accident. The increases of time taken to reach destination due to traffic congestion are giving many negative impact especially to economies and human health. As example, Johor Bahru citizen who works in Johor Port.
Issues and Concerns of Unemployment in Malaysia For decades, unemployment is seen as a negative issue that affects a country all over the world including Malaysia. One person may become unemployed as long as he or she is involved in the labour market. If the unemployment issue is not solved, it will give rise to a series of social and economic problems in a country. The first impact of unemployment will cause an arise of criminal activities. Unemployment will drive someone to commit crimes as they are unable to afford their daily expenses.