Road Transportation In Ghana Case Study

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CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.0 Background to the study
Transportation, in the human society, plays a vital and crucial role. The main modes of transport in Ghana are motor vehicles, railway and aircraft. Motor transport is now very popular and the most used in the country with a high volume of roads and railways been concentrated in the southern part of the country. Road transportation is a crucial part of the daily activities of most Ghanaians and is a principal mode of transport in Ghana. According to the World Bank (1999), three successive transport projects in Ghana between 1987 and 1998, saw the construction of economically important roads with rigorous maintenance programs instituted to curb the deterioration of roads in the country leading to reduced transport costs, stimulation of exports and improvement in the mobility of passengers and goods. Roads in Ghana are managed by three agencies (Ghana Highway Authority, Department of feeder roads and Department of Urban roads) who all report to the ministry of Roads and Highways. Oliver (2015) reports that only one-fifth of the nation’s roads are paved. He further noted that the quality of the country’s roads ranged from first - class roads ( asphalt surfaced ) to a third-class unsurfaced roads. A greater chunk of monies from the Road Fund, Consolidated Fund and donor funds have been used in road construction and expansion in the country of which between the periods 2002 and 2007, US$ 1 billion was put into road expansion

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