Numerous studies have provided different perspectives and evidence on the impact of racial inequality in the criminal justice systems, specifically how these racial inequalities affect black Americans. Lisa Miller found in The Invisible Black: Victim, “mistreatment by law enforcement, law-makers, and federalism” in the racial bias toward black Americans (2010). Pettit and Skyes in Civil Rights Legislation and Legalized Exclusion, point out that black males are more likely to end up in jail (2015). A sociologist named David Garland contrived the term “mass incarceration” to explain high incarceration rates in the United States (U.S) (Pettit and Skyes 2015). Currently, the highest incarceration is among black men of 1 in 15 (Miller 2010).
The concepts that focus on the mind to live a certain way and to make it the proper way. When hit or disrupt the mind from any internal or external factors can increase crime and, if not crime other factors in society. This can go both ways as good or bad. The problem is that once one set of crimes decrease, then another part of crime increase. That violent crimes is minor to major crimes of love one another, the environment of living conditions for the youth and the meanings and values that the youth had at that time as well the influences that are around the person, even adults too.
The opposing side displayed that research suggested adolescents squeezed through the adult system are more likely to come out as violent career criminals than similar kids handled on the juvenile side (Lundstrom 88). This is false, due to researching more about each child it has came to my knowledge that a majority of kids released had a tendency to go back in to jail for committing other crimes such as theft or assault. Speak of Alex King, whose’ story of “Angels of Death”,
These gangs can now introduce illicit drugs into communities which can cause individuals to become addicts. This, however, can affect them both physically and mentally. This also allows persons to become a menace to society disrupting the lives of other individuals in the community in order to maintain their new habit. Children in communities, if they do not have a strong foundation at home, can also model the behaviour of these gang members. They may also promise these children a better life not mentioning the consequences of their actions.
Explain how these factors shape perceptions of Hispanics by other racial groups? Two factors that contribute to Hispanics overrepresentation in the Criminal Justice System are the incarceration for low-level drug offenses and overcriminalizing certain behaviors. The perception of society towards Hispanics is that they are responsible for the majority of the drug crimes. Therefore, law enforcers are giving Hispanics time behind bars to Hispanics for low-level drug offenses.
This cloud of suspicion that surrounds black urban teens require s them to defend their innocence in situations that other teens can negotiate with little or no difficulty. Young black males are also more likely to be incarcerated, which feeds the public image of
One sociological explanation of crime is that those who engage in crime were raised and shown crime in early ages of their life. The three sources of Robert Agnew's Strain Theory would be: The inability to achieve positively valued goals The removal of the threat to remove positively valued stimuli
According to Ward (2014) zero-tolerance policies may have outlived its original intent and are now doing more harm than good. What started out to be a policy intended to provide a safe place for students evolved into an umbrella punishment for any type of misbehavior including those that are not criminal. As a result, minority students have been affected most by these policies, and they often contribute to propelling these students into the juvenile justice system, often for status offenses. Ward (2014) cites the Department of Education as reporting Black students are three times more likely to expelled or suspended nationally. The shooting of Trevon Martin was indirectly related to an extended suspension from school.
Two of the most important concepts are the Strain theory by Robert K. Merton and General Strain theory by Robert Agnew. Strain theory describes that society puts pressure on individuals to achieve socially accepted goes such as the American dream. Though they lack the means to have the American dream, which leads to strain, but might lead to the individuals to commit crimes. On the other hand, Robert Agnew’s General theory describes as seeing crime as a coping mechanism to help people deal with socioemotional problems that are generated by negative social relations. Each member of society has similar goals and aspirations.
Racial inequalities in the criminal justice system are evident now more than ever. Although some believe that we are now past racial disparities, people of color are still facing injustice in the criminal justice system as appose to whites. Furthermore, my research has found that mass incarceration of one race, leads to mass poverty in
I think that Youth Court works with first-time misdemeanor offenders because they are being sentenced by their peers. The offenders are between the ages where social situations are vital to their reputation. It could be because the offender doesn’t enjoy being judged by their peers, or that the youths can relate to the offender because of that age range. Youth Court is about rehabilitating the offenders back into the community by providing them with positive alternative sanctions. Having them take on responsibility and accountability for their actions, and showing them how they affected everyone around them.
Introduction Two males, two rape crimes, yet two completely different types of punishment. Case One: Brock Turner is a 20 years old Caucasian male who was charged with rape of a female who was under the influence of alcohol in California. Case Two: Brian Banks, a black man, was also charged with rape who live in California. He was on the football team and had a full ride scholarship to college when he was charged the time of the crime. These two male have committed the same crimes, at two different time frame, yet one case gets a significantly longer sentence than the other.
This article talks about Black Criminal Stereotypes and Racial Profiling. It begins explaining how racial profiling was always apart of American culture but after the civil war, blacks started to become more involved in racial profiling when it came to crime. The word “criminal predator” started to become a way to describe young black males. It is stated that this bad reputation that they have dates back to the enslavement of Africans in the United States. Blacks are seen as physically threatening because of their “biological flow”.
Are minorities unfairly targeted by law enforcement? Many people would answer yes to the controversial topic of do minorities get unfairly targeted by law enforcement. But not only are minorities targeted unfairly, they also get treated unfairly through the legal system. The bad treatment of minorities in the United States legal system starts at the beginning of that system, the investigation of suspected criminal activity by law enforcement agents.