For example, program evaluations can address a needs assessment, theory and design, implementation of a program, effectiveness, or efficiency (Rossi, Lipsey, & Freeman, 2004). These different models serve different purposes for the organization. For example, a needs assessment is usually performed to determine whether the organization is properly serving its population or whether there are other services the population can benefit from. On the other hand, an implementation evaluation is used to figure out whether a program has been properly implemented to serve its purpose. Ultimately, program evaluations are performed by evaluators to assess the outcomes and efficiency of an organization.
These are organizational procedures, systems, as well as, other interactions planned to produce a project or service (Spector, 2013, p. 6). In ASDA case, in order to make changes in regard to the poor quality and customer satisfaction, Archie could utilize and implement a total quality management process. Additionally, he could use a balance score card and run operations lean so that there would be a solid balance between the financial objectives and the internal/ external business processes. The balance between non-behavioral and behavioral elements can lead to success (Spector, 2013, p. 6). Next, to address the poor communication, the organization could change this behavior by linking and coordinating the vital value chain activities of the organization such as purchasing, delivering, sales etc.
In the long run, NPOs that have a strong system of internal controls will prove to be winners in their respective marketplaces and industries. Strong internal controls can help push a organization beyond its current limits and insure the organization not wasting valuable resources. Strong internal controls can also help the organization ensure it serves the public better. The results from the paper have demonstrated that internal controls make a significant contribution to NPO, not only in financial performance but also the financial management processes.
Hence, The purpose of a communications audit is basically to explore the strengths and weaknesses between management, typically, and employees, customers and other groups such as investors, the news media with the objective to improve future communications by developing a strategic plan, through a series of endorsements, and to determine where gaps exists which need to be bridged. On the other hand, Communication audit is a valuable way to assess the communication state and to facilitate a strategy for enhancement to be originated. Formerly, a strategic communication audit will identify precise aspects which need attention. A strategic communication audit is a methodical formal/and informal review of a company’s communication practices.
Use of IT in logistics field will enhance the business operation and make sure there is proper management and employee are satisfied with the current business operation. An employee of the organization plays a key role in efficient operation of the company. With the help of IT feedback can be taken from the customer and analysis of proper feedback helps for improving the customer service. Feedback from customers can be online survey, comments on various activities of the organization and can be taken through social media. This all activities can be done using information
Some of the benefits of response would be to provide citizens with better medical care, highly trained fire fighters, a up to date search and rescue system, an updated recovery and lifeline service including restorative power outages (Four phases of emergency management,
In this section, Schein’s theory of Cultural Paradigm will be described. As previously stated, for Edgar Schein to study culture in an organization is an instrument to assess the effectiveness of that organization to survive. This is only possible if a culture can contribute and not disturb the organizational process of external adaptation; which is described as the ability of an organization to adapt to the changes that occur outside the firm. But with effectiveness, he also means the organization’s capacity to integrate its internal process and to adapt to its internal changes. He asserts that there are two key factors that are determinant for a successful cultural change.
According to Aguinis, 2009, 2008 and Nankervis & Compton 2006; to achieve the objective of alignment is the technique which is used both in setting the objectives and measuring the achievement of the objectives. There have been a number of dimensions to the techniques used in performance management systems. Most important among these are 360-degree framework, Management by objectives (MBO), identification and assessments of competence, developing of comparative and absolute performance measurement systems. As per Armstrong and Baron, (1998), a performance management system which is only concerned with what objectives employees should achieve without concerning itself with how those objectives are going to be achieved is bound to fail. A good
The author regards relevant data saying auditors are part of the organization who plays a role in strengthening internal control. Similarly, another study from the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) also reveals that internal auditors are responsible for the effectiveness of the control system only and effective communication that comes across and up the organization is the key for stronger internal control. (Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) (n.d.)). Other than that, the author interprets that segregation of duties can enhance internal control.
Summary This document helps to improve the field of global health. This article helps that which things are more useful for the system thinking also helps to explore the tools methods, theories. A typical twine would be the idea that your conduct regarding programs is usually governed by typical rules that could be found and also expressed. Both address difficulties regarding intricacy, the frequent obstacle within world wide wellbeing.