The British has made a significant amount of success through the economy of Hong Kong. Economics in Hong Kong wouldn’t be as advanced as they currently are if it wasn’t for the British. They have given more freedom for further industrialization which as a result attracted more foreigners for investments and financial. “ British rule, Hong Kong is destined to remain a Western-friendly place, drawing expats from many major countries looking for economic opportunity”.
The first face of power focuses on the decision-making process with regards to particular issues. Baldwin (2013, ibid) argues that this face of power is associated with how one particular country tries to influence the making of foreign policy in another country (p.276). Furthermore, the second face of power is "getting what you want through indirect means" (Nye, 2004, p. 5). An example of this is how a particular country can supress the agenda items of other countries to get the desired result (Baldwin, 2013, p. 276). Finally, the third face of power according to Shapiro (2006, p.146) in his review of Luke's piece refers to the ability of a country to "manipulate" the agenda in order to get the desired outcomes.
Then, it will briefly discuss the reciprocal connection between propaganda and the history of international communication. Propaganda and politics are interrelated. Politics often require the use of propaganda to reinforce its legitimacy and achieve its purpose; similarly, propaganda may affect political situation by shifting public opinion. As an outline of how propaganda can be exploited as a political tool, one might consider the following scenario. When the government wants to achieve its ideal of certain policy, it might use messages that give positive light to this policy.
Alexander Wendt's Social Theory of International Politics proposes a theory that places great importance on the role of identity, shared ideas and norms in defining state behaviour. He theorises a structural and idealist worldview which contrasts with the individualism and materialism that underpins much of the mainstream international relations theories. As I explore the gist of Wendt's book, I will attempt to summarise the key findings, contributions to International Relations and to a certain extent, the limitations of Wendt's theory. Wendt is critical to both liberal and realist approaches that emphasises materialist and individualistic motivations for state actions while discounting identity, norms and shared values. As put forth by Wendt,
Through his work, Huntington has made a significant contribution in shaping the theories of international relations. The aim of this article review is to critically analyze the arguments presented in Huntington’s work. Drawing from Huntington’s primary notion that the prime reason for international conflict is mainly due to
The current world order may be described through the perspectives of Huntington, Mearsheimer and Zakaria. These three ideologists argued how fighting for, maintaining and continuing to have power shape the world and put states in their rightful place. With the application of mainstream theories of international relations, the current world order will be illustrated throughout this paper. Samuel Huntington made a hypothesis on what the new world order may be after the Cold War. Since after the said conflict, civilizations were separated not just because of ideological differences but also because each was defined by culture.
Hence, in explaining the endurance and emergence of the United Nations this paper mostly based its assumption power in the international system. Realism as the core theory of the international relations was presented. Similarities of the structure of the United Nations with realism as a theory was illustrated, so that the emergence of this institution can be explained from this side. Cooperation was introduced as the challenge for the international theories with appropriate criticisms. The main source of the endurance of the United Nations can be the willingness of the hegemon to use it as tool in order to promote its own interests and values in the international
This essay is an analysis of the theory of Idealism and whether or not its application in modern international politics is capable of working successfully to solve the common goods problem. The Theory of Idealism Idealism is one of the major theories in international relations. “The basic insight of this theory is that the national characteristics of individual States matter for their international relations.” (Slaughter, 2011) This means that all states do not have the same goals based on selfish interests but that a state will relate with another state based on its internal norms and culture. Basically, idealists believe that the human nature is not inherently bad and that states are capable of cooperating to the extent of forgoing their personal interests in order to
POSITION PAPER Dora Kardos, ELTE International Studies BA Organized hypocrisy in nineteenth-century East Asia The main point of Stephen Krasner’s paper on the nineteenth-century East Asia is that the world of international relations has always been permeated by organized hypocrisy, a special behaviour of states in which they pretend to compel to the norms of their countries while actually acting according to what is best for their material interests. As Krasner states and later explains “in general, logics of consequences dictated behaviour while logics of appropriateness were rhetorically embraced; organized hypocrisy was rife.” I agree that in some cases the logics of consequences and the importance of the given state’s material interests
Abstract: The paper examined Post Structuralism within the context of International Relations, despite the fact that, post structuralism actually give a number of general and constructive puzzle which can be administer in other to approach the study of international politics in a different directions. The paper structured as follows; Introduction, which covered pre-amble and general insight of post structuralism, the emergence of post structuralism which highlighted the development and assertion of structuralism and post structuralism in international relations. The paper further analyses the consequences and prospect of post structuralism in international relations and scholarly argument from Walker R.B.J in one hand and Campbell David in