These questions and experiments led to many ideas that are now considered to be the standards by which we measure our knowledge of reality. Each reading has similarities with one another. In Plato’s “The Allegory of the Cave”, Descartes “Meditation I of the things of which we may doubt” and in the movie “The Matrix” the authors are asking the question, “Is this
However, when the areas of knowledge includes the subjectivity as a method of acquiring knowledge, i.e. in many parts of Human Sciences and Religions, the way of knowing therefore requires subjective perception, either instinctive, emotional or spiritual, and thus should still be open for discussion either to support or negate a claim. In my view, the absence of evidence in one claim does not justify the dismissal without evidence when it concerns with the areas of Human Sciences and
In knowledge, we are unable to make the statement that we believe something to be true. If we believe something to be true, we most show that we believe something to be true and justify why we believe the statement to be true. Edmund Gettier, a professor of philosophy at University of Massachusetts at Amherst came up with those conditions on how to sufficiently give the necessary conditions for knowledge. The conditions that Gettier created argues that they are incorrect that the traditional analysis is mistaken. As philosophers, we all have different interpretations for knowledge, but Gettier belief that his conditions for knowledge are false… Gettier had a similar yet different set of conditions for knowledge.
This branch of philosophy refers to three distinct topics- 1) the biological evolution of cognitive mechanisms in animals and humans; 2) a theory that knowledge itself evolves by natural selection; and 3) the study of the historical discovery of new abstract entities. While evolutionary epistemology refers to the theory that applies the concepts of biological evolution and stages of the development of an organism to the growth of human knowledge, it also argues that knowledge, especially scientific theories, evolve according to the principles of natural selection. However, the development of knowledge can be in the form of additions to and/or consistent modifications of the existing knowledge, the initiation and growth of knowledge, the degree of acceptance of old and new knowledge or its evolution over and throughout time in a particular environment. This leads us to the claim-
As we go about our daily lives, we are acquiring knowledge from our surroundings through the lens of our eyes. Henceforth, many describes knowledge as a mirror, where our knowledge is defined by our perception : this aspect of knowledge is extremely beneficial in terms of confirming the validity of knowledge itself . Nonetheless, not all the time what we see are true, there are exceptional situations when everything is not always what it seems. Compared to a mirror, our knowledge is also limited because we only see what perspective allows us to, we seldom think beyond what our eyes reveal to us.
Understanding a universal truth is a premise that forms the base of all areas of knowledge—especially the sciences. The pursuit of knowledge is a concept that lies beyond us, similar to other abstract notions such as “true love” or “happiness.” Ultimately, our experiences obscure our judgement and lead us down paths of bias. Then, To what extent can questions be considered neutral?, explores whether questions can be partially neutral or even neutral at all.
In The Fear of Knowledge, Boghossian deduces how knowledge is defined, created, and perceived by different collective groups due to the context of time, place, and cultural perspectives. Although Boghossian is a strong supporter for attaining and conveying knowledge that is objective and universally understood by everyone, the structures of language and social situations cause the interpretation of knowledge to be much more complex. In response, Boghossian explores various theories of knowledge such as the classical picture, social dependence conception, fact constructivism, and epistemic relativism to further understand the unique human processes and reasoning of knowledge. The Classical Picture of Knowledge
Methods of Rationalism by Plato and Descartes Philosophy has had an impact on mankind for thousands of years. This topic attempts to answer questions about the everyday world, and how things are the way they are. In Philosophy, there are many different topics that are discussed. These topics include Epistemology, Ontology, Ethics, Political and Social Philosophy, Aesthetics, Logic, and more. The topic that will be discussed in this paper is Epistemology, or the study of knowledge.
To reveal the innatism of knowledge is a cross-eyed feature of the eye; one must not single out an eye for its pair to define what a cross-eyed face is. Necessarily, both orbitals must contain the instruments for vision as how rationalism and empiricism must embody each other’s aspects. Gottfried Leibniz and John Locke, two of the many philosophers whom have pioneered the philosophical debate on the innatism of knowledge, gave their insights as to how knowledge can best be understood. Rationalists claimed that the mind is born with innate ideas or knowledge, and thus, in contrast to that of the claims of empiricists, that the mind is a “tabula rasa, a blank slate.”
Knowledge is true judgement - ‘’Man is the measure of all things, of the things that are that, they are and of the things that are not that, they are not”. This quotation comes directly from Protagoras’ Homomensura
“Without application in the world, the value of knowledge is greatly diminished.” Consider this claim with respect to two areas of knowledge. The controversy of the above claim may enter when discussing the notion of the “application” and “value” of knowledge, as the subjectivity of these ideologies interferes with the way humans collectively perceive the commonality between the two. Value in humanity can be thought of as the concept of an ideas abstract worth, gained through ways of knowing, and is regardless of the objects tangibility; the extent to which one believes something is important through its personal application.
Knowledge is justified true belief. It means that the person must be able to justify the claim, the claim itself must be true and the person must believe in it. To justify belief, it is done by using evidence. This evidence must be of good quality and be logical and reasonable.
Introduction Correspondence theory can be looked at as the most common and widespread method of understanding the nature of truth and falsehood. This theory maintain in reasoning that truth is whatever is in agreement to reality. Therefore any idea which is in agreement with reality is true while any idea which does not corresponds with reality is false. The main features of correspondence theory which are discussed in the subsequent paragraphs includes; there exists an independent realm of fact (reality), truth is the correspondence of belief with fact, belief corresponds to facts (truth), and belief does not corresponds to facts (false) (Pecorino, 2000).
Epistemology, the study of the theory of knowledge, is among the most important areas of philosophy. The questions that it addresses include the following: What is knowledge? The first problem encountered in epistemology is that of defining knowledge. Much of the time, philosophers use the tripartite theory of knowledge, which analyses knowledge as justified true belief, as a working model.