This are mainly related to those clients or patients whose life problems are adversely affecting or maintaining a disorder. This type of counselling involves identification of problems by the patient and measures to solve it. The measures are then tried and reviewed. This method is very useful in treating mild mood disorders. Interpersonal counselling- this is a type of counselling which focuses on the present state of interpersonal relationships like in home, work and society etc.
Men in Nursing: A Rising Job Outlook while Overcoming Discrimination Many people have been to a hospital in their lifetime so they all have experiences with nurses. But many overlook the men in nursing, even though they are very much needed in their profession and highly desired. Although they are desired in their field and have a great job outlook over the foreseeable future, they are still facing issues of discrimination to this day. The common idea that nursing was a form of a woman’s natural domestic role set nursing as a “woman’s” occupation with lower “value” than a “man’s” occupations such as the field of medicine. This lack in perceived value led to the lower salaries of nurses initially.
The results showed 37.1% of participants had been sexually harassed. Physicians were identified as the main perpetrators of sexual harassment. The most common negative effects of sexual harassment were headache, disturbed mental health function, in-satisfaction in job and the only reactions given by the nurses against the harassers were anger and fear. The coping method used most commonly by the nurses was “Doing nothing” as they think it as a part of the job. About 80% of sexually harassed nurses did not report the incident of sexual harassment to hospital administration.
(Corey, G. 2013) Therapeutic Process Therapeutic Goals Behaviourists, as other counsellors, strive to help clients achieve their personal and professional objectives by making positive adjustments to circumstances. Therefore the primary aim of this approach is to help clients eradicate maladaptive behaviours while developing positive, constructive behaviour. Emphasis is laid on not just eliminating behaviour but more so on replacing them with productive ways of responding. This is achieved by setting and working on mutually set goals between the client and counsellor. (Corey, G. 2013) Role and Function of the Therapist According to Corey, G. (2013) the therapist follows the ABC model to do a formal behavioural analysis of his client.
Is modern life to blame? According to Jean Hannah Edelstein, our mental health has suffered over the past 80 years. The cause are complex, but it’s exhausting to live in a society where asking for help equals failure. Everywhere you look, people these days are stressed out. Many reach a breaking point and sink into depression – a mental health issue few of our grandparents or great-grandparents experienced, yet is so common today or perhaps people 50 or 75 years ago just didn’t talk about depression, and didn’t seek treatment for it (after all, effective treatments weren’t exactly available back then).
Introduction Recent research has shown that memory is not a passive system of automatic recording of all experiences, but a flexible function whose storage capacity is limited. Studies of the American cognitive psychologist Elisabeth Loftus in the 1990s, has shown that memories are sensitive to beliefs, expectations and suggestion, and that people can ‘‘remember” information they have not experienced, which is called false memories (Loftus & Ketcham, 2012). For more than 20 years, most of the research has focused on their dramatic consequences, particularly in the context of recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse in therapy, which have destroyed many victims and their families (Brédart, 2012). However, positive consequences of false memories
“The term mental health usually implies the capacity to love and relate to others, the ability to work productively, and the willingness to behave in a way that brings personal satisfaction without encroaching upon the rights of others” (Mental Health). We need to take a stand because too many people are in a bad state of mental health and not getting the help they need. So many people suffer or have suffered from a mental illness. “Nationally, 44.5 million adults aged 18 or older experienced any mental illness in the past year, corresponding to the rate of 19.7%” (State Estimates of). So many people have experienced a mental illness, not including the people who have not reported it because they don’t know they have one or they don’t feel comfortable talking about it.
The similarities and differences between counselling and psychotherapy There are obvious differences between the two and they have different purposes in different settings for different situations, but they do have similarities as well and in the following discourse both similarities and differences will be named and discussed with regard to counselling and psychotherapy. 4.1Similarities Psychotherapy and counselling both includes having a conversation between the client(s) and the counsellor/therapist and both counsellor/psychotherapist has the focus of “helping people make changes within themselves and in their lives.” (Sutherland,
1. Ethics – A Contemporary PR Issue Public relations (PR) practitioners are facing several ethical challenges in their work, which mostly arise from PR-practicing (non-profit) organisations trying to take influence on public opinion and attitudes of competition-relevant parties. In return, these groups distinguish themselves by consciously or unconsciously influencing these organisations. This way they can either be potential beneficiaries or risk carriers for them (Post et al., 2002). For PR practitioners, this has several consequences at various stages in the network of relationships.
A survey among 164 women done in the 1990s showed that 53 per cent of the women interviewed faced sexual harassment on one or more occasions (Marican, Sabitha. The Perception of Sexual Harassment Among Public Administrators at the Workplace. School of Social Development, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 1999.). This eventually lead to the Ministry of Human Resources (MOHR) formulating a Code of Practice on the Prevention and Eradication of Sexual Harassment in 1999. However, the Code of Practice is not without its weaknesses because even though the aim is to regulate conduct between employers and employees, it is not enforced by the law.