Role Of Academic Achievement

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Academic achievement is considered by scholars as one of the main goals for the school-age children (García Coll & Szalacha, 2004). According to modern theories, child development and his progress in school is related to some personal factors such as gender, socio-economic background of the family, the interaction of the child with the family environment, and family cooperation with the school (Bronfenbrenner, 1998, Cicchetti & Toth, 2000, Eitle 2005, Jacobs & Harvey, 2005). One of the most comprehensive theoretical framework for understanding the development of the child and their academic achievements is the theory of Epstein (1997, 2005, 2011) known differently as the model of overlapping spheres. This model is focused on the roles that…show more content…
Three forces constrain the amount of interaction: the strength A, which refers to biological and real time, age and level of students in its social context while he continues school; forces B and C which present practices of families and schools. The relationship between home and school and in particular the parent-teacher relationship is seen as very important by the researcher. Development and success of the students are at the center of this model. Another factor that appears to have an impact on students’ academic achievements, is the sex. Gender differences in relation to academic achievement are highly debated by scholars in recent decades (Chambers & Schreiber 2004, Eitle 2005). If we refer to the study of Chambers and Schreiber (2004), both sexes or show negligible changes or no changes at all in the academic achievement. But in the study conducted by Eitle (2005) it was found that besides the differences between the achievements of boys and girls have not been great, the girls are presented with good academic achievement in language and reading while boys have higher achievement in mathematics and science . However,…show more content…
Results indicated that family structure is of the predictors of academic achievement. In another study of the same author (Jeynes, 2002), it is explained that the family structure can affect the quantity and quality of time parents can spend with the child. Researchers have found that parents ‘education has a direct positive connection with students’ academic achievements and is a significant predictors of their achivement. Parental education level affects the structure of the family environment (Linver, BrooksGunn, & Cohen, 2002; Yeung, Linver, & Brooks-Gunn, 2002), or in different styles of parenting (Mistry, Vanderwater, Houston, & McLoyd, 2002). Maternal educational level 340 Education for the knowledge society is another factor that affects students’ academic achievement (Magnuson, 2003). Mothers with higher educational level, self-esteem in their skills to help children and cooperate with teachers, is related to high spores of children in testing (Eamon, 2005; Jeynes, 2002; Magnuson, 2003). Housing density is another factor related to child development and
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