Role Of Bacteria In Agriculture

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The Role of Bacteria and Fungi in Agriculture
Both bacteria and fungi play a vital role in agriculture all over the globe. Without said components of agriculture, planet Earth itself would be non-existent.
Bacteria are the smallest and most numerous organisms known to man. They are also thought to be the most ancient. Bacteria have a huge impact on the world, and play a major role in modern medicine and agriculture. However, in every good there’s bad, and bacteria also cause many serious human diseases, some of which are responsible for millions of deaths each year.
There are certain bacteria which are of huge benefit to plants. Said bacteria are in soil and they help plants by fighting off harmful bacteria. An example of this is Rhizobium bacteria working in symbiosis with the clover plant. The bacteria live in nodules on the root of the clover plant and they carry out nitrogen fixation. Plants need nitrogen to make protein, and plants can only absorb nitrogen in a certain form. It is nitrogen fixation, which changes the nitrogen into the form plants can absorb, and therefore this symbiotic relationship is very important.
Bacteria also play a huge role in the dairy sector of agriculture. It is said that as milk comes out of the glands of the dairy cow, it contains no bacteria at all, but after it is collected a lot of changes begin to happen and these are all due to bacteria (Adnan, 2010). However this is not a bad thing, as bacteria allow us to use milk to make yoghurt

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