Engineering An individual named James A Michener once said “Scientists dream about doing great things. Engineers do them” I don't entirely agree with this quote, but in a way, it is oddly true. The four main types of engineering are mechanical, civil, electrical, and chemical. Civil engineering deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment. Civil engineers supervise, operate, and maintain construction projects and systems in the public and private sector, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment.
Water resource engineers design and oversee the construction of water management systems. The importance of water management systems can be illustrated easily in countries where rivers are a major source for hydration. In water-stressed countries, water resource engineers work alongside with the government in order to manage and distribute water efficiently among the citizens, industries, and companies as well. Furthermore, it is important to realize that not all water resources are safe and sanitary enough for public use and distribution. In these cases, water resource engineers play a very important role by designing facilities, reservoirs, and treatment tanks
Because civil engineering is a wide ranging profession, including several separate specialized sub-disciplines, its history is linked to Knowledge of structures, materials science, geography, geology, soils, hydrology, environment, mechanics and other fields. Throughout ancient and medieval history most architectural design and construction was carried out by artisans, such as stonemasons and carpenters, rising to the role of master builder. Knowledge was retained in guilds and seldom supplanted by advances. Structures, roads and infrastructure that existed were repetitive, and increases in scale were incremental History of Civil
This report discloses the role of a professional chemical engineer in the petroleum industry. Engineers have to work in many disciplines, varying from role to role such as designing to commissioning. Engineers have played a vital role in advancement of science and technology. From making first watch to nuclear advancements, all are the hard work of an engineer. To be successful in the field of engineering, one must have certain qualities.
It is not easy job to start the construction project with one designer; it requires a team of professional designers, structural engineers, advisers, architects, interior designers, landscape designers, contractors and suppliers etc. Temporary Works Procedure Temporary works procedure is crucial to find the engineered solution of a complex construction project, to support an existing structure and permanent works during construction, to improve management arrangements of contractors and to promote knowledge awareness of the importance of managing temporary and The accurate design and implementation of temporary works is an essential element for the prevention of risk and reduction of accidents arising from temporary works failures in construction. Management of Equipment and Plant The economic use of proper and appropriate construction equipment for specific construction operations contributes to the economy, construction management, safety, quality, speed and timely completion of a project. Plant management and proper maintenance of equipment is important in civil engineering construction works. Different types of construction projects required different variety of construction equipment like pilling equipment, earthwork equipment, concrete mixing and placement equipment, and hoisting equipment
However, unique practical solution for resource allocation problems in the construction industry. Demand continues to increase for more limited resource use is markedly proven by the literature deals with allocations in the application of general industrial networks as well. The relationships found between planning input and the probabilities of good cost performance, poor cost performance, good time performance, and poor time performance reveal very interesting trends and provide a useful basis for examining the concept of optimal planning for construction projects. The relationships suggest that the major impact of construction planning efforts is on the cost performance of construction projects rather than the time performance (Faniran O.O, & Love P. E. D, 1999). As a result, the settlement process includes the sequencing of industrial work or load problems are rise.
Flordeliz, Alyssa B. BSCE- V26 IMPROVING SAFETY AND DURABILITY OF CIVIL STRUCTURES Bruhwiler. E. Improving Safety and Durability of Civil Structures. Ecole Polytechnique Federale (EPFL), ENAC-MCS, p. 63-67. SUMMARY Most of the people expect that the failure in bridges and structures should rely or depends in the professionals that involved in the construction and design of structures. This is particularly true for public technical system such as bridge.
Client must provide the designer/adviser and tenderers with relevant health and safety information (such as existing drawings, any existing site safety plan — including any known hazards, surveys of the site or premises or information on the location of services) Designers/Advisers: 1. Designer must obtained sufficient information from the client and other parties to make sure the plan is prepared competently (such as drawings, job specifications and product specifications) 2. Designer must prepared the pre-tender stage health and safety plan, where requested, on behalf of the client (essentially, this is a collection of information about the significant health and safety risks of the project) 3. Designer must provide the client and potential contractors with information about the risks that cannot be avoided and will have to be controlled by the head contractor and other contractors 4. Designer must provide advice, where requested, to the client on the health and safety performance of potential contractors and organisations tendering for the work Stage 4 – Construction Clients: 1.
Engineering is the practice of science, engineering science and technology which deals with the solutions to problems of economic importance and those that progress the society. Solutions are based on scientific, mathematical and engineering knowledge. It is an important profession; it requires high standards of scientific knowledge and specialized training. Engineering work is important to both economic activity and to national development of a nation, engineering work, also involves health and safety, environmental factors, economic and sustainability that must be managed. Ethics deal with moral duty or obligation, this gives a set of governing principals that are used to judge whether a particular behavior/conduct is appropriate or not.
Besides, awareness of building maintenance can be instilled and improved if some talks or campaigns are organized by government or private sector. Talks are presented by constructors or professionals in built environment who are very experience in building maintenance so that the public can realise the importance to maintain the building. They play role to instil the correct preservative method in building