Role Of Computer In Education

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Since, infra ancient to ultra modern time education has been defined in infinite ways according to social and cultural needs and norms of the society. Education is only that option or technique or tool, which develops the traits of nationality among children to make them good leading citizens of tomorrow’s nation. It is not only the modification of behavior, but a process of all-round (social, intellectual, emotional, physical and cultural) development of the children upto a critical point. The whole field of education is in a process of change. The modern world is confronting of two general problems i.e. ‘information explosion’ and ‘population explosion’. These are like two horn of a dilemma in education, which lay emphasis on more things…show more content…
Much of the early work which computers introduced in education was done in the 1950s by researchers at IBM, who developed the first Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) author language and designed one of the first CAI programs to be used in public schools. Students followed the commands on the computer screen receiving rewards for correct answers within the framework of behaviorist approaches. In 1959, PLATO, the first large-scale project for the use of computers in education was implemented by Donald Bitier at the University of Illinois (Carter, 2003). Atkinson and Suppes’ (1959) work led to some earliest applications of computers at both the public school and university levels during the 1960s. By the early 1980s many educators were attracted to microcomputers because they were relatively inexpensive, compact enough for desktop use, and could perform many of the functions performed by the large computers that had preceded…show more content…
The computer may itself be the object of instruction such as: in computer literacy course, students can learn about how computers are used in society and in computer programming course, they can learn how to construct a program by using programming languages. In its role as a tool, the computer assists both teachers and students, such as calculator, typewriter, and presentation aid. Students can use computers to solve complex mathematical calculations as a pocket calculator or students can use word processing programs to complete term papers and assignments. Both teachers and students can use data presentation software which incorporates with computers to present the content of the subject-matters. In addition to this, students can use a database for inquiry of specific information. Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) is the representative application of computers as an instructional device in instruction. For example, Math Blaster assists students in learning math facts (addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division) through drill-and-practice using an arcade game
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