Role Of Corruption In Government

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“To oppose corruption in government is the highest obligation of patriotism” - G Edward Griffin The concept of Ombudsman originated in Sweden in 1809AD. It is an office appointed by legislature to handle the complaint against administrative and judicial decision. He is an officer of Parliament and his job is to ensure that the civil servants discharge their functions properly. This institution has emerged as watch dog of the administration and protector of the common man. It is deemed to be an independent office which reports to the legislation. The need for ombudsman arose due to inefficiency and corruption of administrative officers. The Prevention of Corruption Act, 19476 was a measure which sought to eradicate corruption. But this measure failed to check the same. A new technique was adopted on the recommendations of Santhanam Committee and the Central Vigilance Commission a nonstatutory body established in 1964 to deal with allegations of corruption and malpractice. Adequate machinery is necessary to deal with cases and grievances of citizens against negligence and mistakes made by the administrative body. Jawaharlal Nehru first used the term Lokayukta, which was known as anti-corruption ombudsman, in the year 1963. Lokpal in centre and Lokayukta in states were proposed in 1966. The Administrative Reforms Commission headed by Morarji Desai was formed in 1966 with the objective of reviewing the public administration system in India. It submitted a report on “Problems
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