Description of values and ethics are not only broadened but also colloquial due to its overlapping meanings such as principles, moral, fundamental values, and principles. According to Taylor (2010), ethics are underlying convictions, life stances or ideals that act as a general guide to behavior, and or a reference point in evaluating beliefs or actions. This is an ethical inventory paper that seeks to discuss the significance of understanding one’s perspective of ethics, the connection between professional and personal ethics in psychology, APA decision making process and how it facilitates ethical professional behavior, analysis of an EAI scores and how they relate to aspirations of enforceable standards. Psychology requires adherent by professionals
Ethics has a lot to do with the individual’s choice, that choice can affect others in a good or bad way; we can also say that ethics is like a superior who will evaluate the choice made by the person. This usually happens when an ethical dilemma arises or when it is necessary to make a hard, unpleasant choice or decision that implies a moral principle. The way of acting in society determines the behavior of the individual as ethical or unethical. A person
It can be indicates that people are faced with choices requiring them to make decision in an ethical life within the context of their relationship with others. It suggests that people can be placed in ethical dilemmas. Shapira-Lishchinsky states that “An ethical dilemma is an inner conversation with self-concerning two or more available propositions. It is a choice between two or
Many a time the management is faced with a dilemma when making decisions. In principle, decisions must be ethical to prevent negative setbacks to organizations and managers. Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University through Velasquez et al (2009), highlights the process of ethical decision-making; i) Recognition of ethical issues during choice making between alternatives. ii) Getting the facts about the case iii) Evaluation of alternative actions so that the choice will produce the best benefits and least harm, the choice will respect the rights of stakeholders and the option must treat the involved parties proportionately or equally. This is a utilitarian-rights-justice approach.
Introduction Ethics are just a moral code that can be found in the public eye and work place. This ethical code impact individual in their ordinary life, their activities talk through their quality and individual morals. Ethic controls the greater part of our activities and it can be translated un-numerous courses, for example, the way individuals live, characterizes our rights and commitments. Ethics are qualities and standards an individual uses to control his exercises and choice making. Firstly, today 's moral have been composed by the diverse religions, methods of insight and societies.
Morality is a set of values held by a person in making when judging and evaluating what is deemed right or wrong, good or bad (Brandt, 1959). When we talk about morality in counseling it’s about the reasoning by the counselor that has four levels. They are, personal intuition, ethical guidelines established by professional organizations, ethical principles and general theories of moral action (Kitchener, 1984). Ethics is described as adopted principles that has relations to man’s behavior and moral decision making (Van Hoose & Kottler, 1985). Ethics is often thought as a synonym to morality.
• Ethical Theories An ethical theory is a decision model .These theories depicts the viewpoints from which people seek guidance as they make decisions. Each theory highlights different points, different decision making style or a decision rule. Ethical theories are based on individual’s ethical ideology these theories allow a person to find an answer to an issue, to make a morally right decision or to justify a decision. These theories challenge what an individual think is right and wrong. Some of ethical theories are given in detail below.
Definition are the orientation, rationalization, and justifications of attitudes that defines the commission of an act, whether right or wrong, good or bad, desirable or undesirable, and appropriate or inappropriate (Akers & Jennings 2009). Akers definitions towards the explanation of delinquent behavior are classified into two types, namely the general beliefs and specific beliefs. This definition modifies the conventional values and norms in elaborating the predicting variables of social learning theory. General beliefs are individual’s definitions that are personally based on religious and moral values. On the other hand, specific beliefs are definitions that an individual rationalize toward committing and participating in criminal and deviant acts (Akers & Jennings 2009).
The Knowledge issue question is how can we determine that having the possession of knowledge about something should lead to ethical responsibility? We can answer this question by analyzing the statement “Possessing of knowledge sometimes does carry an ethical responsibility”. We can investigate this claim by exploring and applying the areas of knowledge, specifically
Such values and beliefs, when supported by various operating norms and rituals, can exert a decisive influence on the overall ability of the organization to deal with the challenges that it faces (Morgan, 1997). Ethics are the principles that will tell us the right thing to do, or what things are worth doing. Ethics refers to a set of standards governing behavior; it refers to broader-based, value driven rules (Sims, 1992; Jansen and von Glinow, 1985; Kubal, Baker and Coleman, 2006). There is evidence that there is an interaction between individual values and the organizations’ value systems. Thus, when an individual is faced with an ethical dilemma, his or her value system will color the perception of the ethical ramifications of the situation.