Role Of Emotion In Moral Decision Making

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Brendan Broviak Dr. Byland-Writ 030 February 19th, 2018 The Role of Emotion in Moral Decision Making Every day, people are barraged with decisions, big and small. Some of said decisions are what are called moral dilemmas. In this literature review, the process and influences of moral decision making will be thoroughly defined and analyzed. Understanding how people arrive at their choices is an area of cognitive psychology that has received attention ever since 2001, when Green Et. Al wrote about a theory called dual-process-theory. This review will synthesis more recent papers and studies that attempt to explain the duality of the roles that both emotion and utilitarian cognition play in moral decision making. What is moral decision making? A moral decision is a choice that is made by a person based on his or her ethics, values, emotions, and their subjective beliefs about what is right and wrong. Decisions of this nature tend to have both an effect on the person making the decision, but also people surrounding the given situation or dilemma. According to articles in the field that will be discussed throughout this review, people base moral decisions on things like religious beliefs, personal values, and logical reasoning. From this, philosophers and psychologists in the field have generally agreed upon two distinct overarching types of morality called absolute morality and relative morality. The term absolute morality refers to a person with a rigid structure of beliefs
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