Role Of Family In Family Life

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5. ROLE OF FAMILY AND GENDER

i. Family
The imbalance would arise not when an individual invests oneself in one 's professional and family life, but when it is one or the other. Individuals would suffer from "permanent guilt for not being there enough where they feel they should be." When they are at work, they think about what they should be doing for their family and, conversely, when they are with their family, they think of their professional imperatives.
However, if there is conflict, it weighs on the individual and not on companies, which seem to be the big winners of the injunction to flexibility. While flexibility can theoretically benefit employees (for example, through part-time work that allows a parent to pick up children from school),
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It can also take a toll on your professional reputation..
• Health: There are impact on the cardiovascular and immune system, and also leads to stress due overexertion of one’s energy.
• No time for Family: Major setback of poor work-life balance is the inability to allocate time for family, which can strain relationships and deprive one of quality family time.
• Increased Expectations: With long hours comes bigger responsibility and higher stress level. Thus, making it difficult to complete the work as expected.

(Susi.S1 & Jawaharrani.K, 2011) According to a survey conducted by DETR survey of local authorities, a good work-life balances has the following impacts:
Positive Impacts
1. 88% agreed that it helps in fostering a good employment relations
2. 79% agreed that it helps in retention of more female employees
3. 65% agreed that it helps in reduction of absenteeism
4. 64% agreed that it leads to improvement in staff motivation and commitment
5. 60% agreed that it helps to lower labour turnover
6. 50% agreed that it helps in increasing productivity
7. 49% agreed that it eased recruitment
Negative
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The Holy Trinity (plus one) of the workplace
There are three workplace-related aspects that are essential for everyone to achieve the balance between his professional life and his private life and to realize his ambitions.
A fourth dimension, i.e. Leadership, is also crucial for these three aspects.
• Influence: Being able to influence the way you work is a key factor in achieving work-life balance. This includes a good balance between accountability and authority and being able to solve problems at work, but also factors such as being able to leave work early when it is necessary.
• Affirmation: It is crucial to receive signs of appreciation and recognition at work. But "praise" is not enough. This criterion also supposes to receive a clear and constructive feedback from superiors as well as of colleagues.
• Commitment: At today 's workplace, inspiration and stimulation are indispensable elements. A positive work environment and stimulating work energy, make it easier to go through times when the workload is heavy but important.
• Leadership: The relationship between the employee and his or her superiors is essential. The trust in his superior is a crucial element for the balance between professional life and privacy as well as for job satisfaction and lowers the risk that an employee

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