The capital business sector is the business sector for securities, where organizations and the legislature can raise long haul stores. The capital business sector incorporates the stock exchange what 's more, the security market. Money related controllers, for example, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, direct the capital markets in their individual nations to guarantee that financial specialists are ensured against extortion. The capital markets comprise of the essential business sector, where new issues are appropriate to financial specialists, and the optional business sector, where existing securities are exchanged. (n.d.).
(2003) stated that securitization is a process of packaging and transfer financial promises into form where it can be easily transfer to other investors. The value of financial promises is depends on the willingness and the ability of inndividual or company in term of making promises either good promise or bad promise. Securitization will become loans backed by general credit of the borrower and can become a securitization backed by legal obligations in term of forfeoture in certain asset and forcing in payment. In addition, according to Fabozzi & Kothari (2008) stated that securitization is also known as secured lending or asset based lending where there has a
First, loans, leases and mortgages are transformed to tradable instruments through securitization. Second, their funding is conducted in capital markets with commercial papers and repos. In this case, savers direct their money to money market funds instead of depositing at traditional banks. The whole process is performed in several steps through a chain of non-bank financial intermediaries in contrast to a single bank in traditional credit intermediation. Moreover, the process is performed in a strict and sequential order and each step is conducted by a specific entity (a shadow bank).
ROLE OF MONEY IN MACROECONOMICS 1. Introduction Money can be seen as the medium of exchange which is acceptable while transaction is being undertaken between two parties. Some of the common forms of money are: - Commodity money: This is when the value of the good represents its value in terms of money like gold or silver. - Fiat money: This is when the value of the good is less than the value it represents - Bank money: It is the accounting credits that can be used by the depositor Money serves a variety of crucial functions in the economy and this is why it has gained an unparalleled influence in the matters of economy at micro as well as macro levels. Some of the features of money that make it so important for any economy are as follows:
The Role of Cash Reserves in Fractional Reserve Banking 1. Introduction The essay seeks to explain the function that cash reserves play in the fractional reserve banking system. Two types of banks operate in this banking system, monetary savings banks and private commercial banks, both banks are unique in a sense of their ability to create money. This ability is explained that, these banks keep fraction of their outstanding deposits liabilities as cash in reserves against these deposits in the process of providing loans and spending. The focus of the essay will be on commercial banks, as they have added odd ability of money creation with its own debt.
Financial Accounting is a field of accounting concerned with a company’s financial transactions. It uses standardized accounting guidelines to record, summarize and present the transactions to mainly external users periodically by means of Financial Statements. Creditors and other lenders like banks and other financial institutions, Government Authorities, Prospective Investors, Customers, Competitors and Regulatory Authorities are some of the External Users who may use these Accounting information for various decision making purposes. Managerial Accounting also referred to as Cost Accounting is a branch of accounting that helps in identifying, analyzing interpreting, preparing and communicating both Financial and Non-Financial information
Introduction Banks and other financial institutions plays an active role in meeting the financial needs of individuals and corporate entities. One of the principal activities performed by banks is to serve as intermediary between lenders and borrowers. Indeed, banking can be said to thrive principally on intermediation which is the process of lending money out to borrowers at a relatively high rate compared to the deposit interest rate. However, some conditions subsist that leads to the erosion of this role performed by banks and this is referred to as disintermediation. In the general sense, disintermediation refers to a situation where the activities of middlemen are avoided in the course of a transaction.